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Early error detection predicted by reduced pre-response control process: an ERP topographic mapping study

Gilles Pourtois (UGent)
(2011) BRAIN TOPOGRAPHY. 23(4). p.403-422
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The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
Abstract
Advanced ERP topographic mapping techniques were used to study error monitoring functions in human adult participants, and test whether proactive attentional effects during the pre-response time period could later influence early error detection mechanisms (as measured by the ERN component) or not. Participants performed a speeded go/nogo task, and made a substantial number of false alarms that did not differ from correct hits as a function of behavioral speed or actual motor response. While errors clearly elicited an ERN component generated within the dACC following the onset of these incorrect responses, I also found that correct hits were associated with a different sequence of topographic events during the pre-response baseline time-period, relative to errors. A main topographic transition from occipital to posterior parietal regions (including primarily the precuneus) was evidenced for correct hits similar to 170-150 ms before the response, whereas this topographic change was markedly reduced for errors. The same topographic transition was found for correct hits that were eventually performed slower than either errors or fast (correct) hits, confirming the involvement of this distinctive posterior parietal activity in top-down attentional control rather than motor preparation. Control analyses further ensured that this pre-response topographic effect was not related to differences in stimulus processing. Furthermore, I found a reliable association between the magnitude of the ERN following errors and the duration of this differential precuneus activity during the pre-response baseline, suggesting a functional link between an anticipatory attentional control component subserved by the precuneus and early error detection mechanisms within the dACC. These results suggest reciprocal links between proactive attention control and decision making processes during error monitoring.
Keywords
Error detection, ERN, dACC, Proactive attentional control, Topographic ERP mapping, Precuneus, ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX, MEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX, EXTRASTRIATE VISUAL-CORTEX, COGNITIVE CONTROL, BRAIN POTENTIALS, TIME-COURSE, PREFRONTAL CORTEX, FUNCTIONAL-SIGNIFICANCE, TEMPORAL DYNAMICS, NEURAL MECHANISMS

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Pourtois, Gilles. 2011. “Early Error Detection Predicted by Reduced Pre-response Control Process: An ERP Topographic Mapping Study.” Brain Topography 23 (4): 403–422.
APA
Pourtois, G. (2011). Early error detection predicted by reduced pre-response control process: an ERP topographic mapping study. BRAIN TOPOGRAPHY, 23(4), 403–422.
Vancouver
1.
Pourtois G. Early error detection predicted by reduced pre-response control process: an ERP topographic mapping study. BRAIN TOPOGRAPHY. 2011;23(4):403–22.
MLA
Pourtois, Gilles. “Early Error Detection Predicted by Reduced Pre-response Control Process: An ERP Topographic Mapping Study.” BRAIN TOPOGRAPHY 23.4 (2011): 403–422. Print.
@article{1168863,
  abstract     = {Advanced ERP topographic mapping techniques were used to study error monitoring functions in human adult participants, and test whether proactive attentional effects during the pre-response time period could later influence early error detection mechanisms (as measured by the ERN component) or not. Participants performed a speeded go/nogo task, and made a substantial number of false alarms that did not differ from correct hits as a function of behavioral speed or actual motor response. While errors clearly elicited an ERN component generated within the dACC following the onset of these incorrect responses, I also found that correct hits were associated with a different sequence of topographic events during the pre-response baseline time-period, relative to errors. A main topographic transition from occipital to posterior parietal regions (including primarily the precuneus) was evidenced for correct hits similar to 170-150 ms before the response, whereas this topographic change was markedly reduced for errors. The same topographic transition was found for correct hits that were eventually performed slower than either errors or fast (correct) hits, confirming the involvement of this distinctive posterior parietal activity in top-down attentional control rather than motor preparation. Control analyses further ensured that this pre-response topographic effect was not related to differences in stimulus processing. Furthermore, I found a reliable association between the magnitude of the ERN following errors and the duration of this differential precuneus activity during the pre-response baseline, suggesting a functional link between an anticipatory attentional control component subserved by the precuneus and early error detection mechanisms within the dACC. These results suggest reciprocal links between proactive attention control and decision making processes during error monitoring.},
  author       = {Pourtois, Gilles},
  issn         = {0896-0267},
  journal      = {BRAIN TOPOGRAPHY},
  keyword      = {Error detection,ERN,dACC,Proactive attentional control,Topographic ERP mapping,Precuneus,ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX,MEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX,EXTRASTRIATE VISUAL-CORTEX,COGNITIVE CONTROL,BRAIN POTENTIALS,TIME-COURSE,PREFRONTAL CORTEX,FUNCTIONAL-SIGNIFICANCE,TEMPORAL DYNAMICS,NEURAL MECHANISMS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {403--422},
  title        = {Early error detection predicted by reduced pre-response control process: an ERP topographic mapping study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10548-010-0159-5},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2011},
}

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