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Comparison of radiographic and clinical outcomes following immediate provisionalization of single-tooth dental implants placed in healed alveolar ridges and extraction sockets

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Abstract
Purpose The primary goal of this study was to compare implant survival 12 months after immediate loading of single implants placed in healed ridges versus extraction sockets Secondary outcomes were to compare marginal bone adaptation and soft tissue changes over time Materials and Methods A prospective multicenter clinical investigation was initiated to assess clinical performance of immediately loaded implants in the maxilla Implant survival was ascertained at the time of impression making (8 to 10 weeks) and after 1 year by clinical stability Radiographic marginal bone levels, soft tissue levels, and plaque and bleeding scores were compared with baseline values (implant placement and provisionalization) Results One hundred thirty nine patients received 157 implants in the maxilla Single implants with provisional crowns were placed in extraction sockets of 55 patients (58 implants) and in healed ridges of 60 patients (65 implants) In addition, 19 patients (23 implants) required bone grafting prior to implant placement, and 11 implants in 10 patients among all groups were not immediately loaded because of insufficient initial stability after surgery Three implants (5 2%) failed in extraction sites and one implant (1 5%) failed in a healed ridge The mean change in marginal bone level 1 year after implant placement was 1 30 mm (SD 2 52) (gain) in extraction sockets and -0 40 mm (SD 1 43) (loss) in healed ridges The mucosal zenith was stable or moved incisally following definitive crown placement in 83 7% of immediate implants and 87 0% of implants placed in healed ridges Plaque and inflammation scores were low and did not differ between groups Conclusions The responses of local bone and soft tissues at immediately loaded implants placed in extraction sockets or healed ridges were similar Furthermore, these 1 year results suggest that clinical management of esthetically critical soft tissue may be predictably achieved in both indications INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 2010,25 1222-1232
Keywords
MAXILLA, dental implants, SOFT-TISSUE, REPLACEMENT, BONE, DOG, RESTORATIONS, SURGERY, SURFACE, MULTICENTER, immediate placement, single-tooth replacement, AESTHETIC ZONE, immediate loading

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MLA
Cooper , Lyndon, Filiep Raes, Glenn Reside, et al. “Comparison of Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes Following Immediate Provisionalization of Single-tooth Dental Implants Placed in Healed Alveolar Ridges and Extraction Sockets.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS 25.6 (2010): 1222–1232. Print.
APA
Cooper , L., Raes, F., Reside, G., Garriga, J. S., Tarrida, L. G., Wiltfang, J., Kern, M., et al. (2010). Comparison of radiographic and clinical outcomes following immediate provisionalization of single-tooth dental implants placed in healed alveolar ridges and extraction sockets. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS, 25(6), 1222–1232.
Chicago author-date
Cooper , Lyndon, Filiep Raes, Glenn Reside, Joan Soliva Garriga, Luis Giner Tarrida, Jorg Wiltfang, Matthias Kern, and Hugo De Bruyn. 2010. “Comparison of Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes Following Immediate Provisionalization of Single-tooth Dental Implants Placed in Healed Alveolar Ridges and Extraction Sockets.” International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants 25 (6): 1222–1232.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Cooper , Lyndon, Filiep Raes, Glenn Reside, Joan Soliva Garriga, Luis Giner Tarrida, Jorg Wiltfang, Matthias Kern, and Hugo De Bruyn. 2010. “Comparison of Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes Following Immediate Provisionalization of Single-tooth Dental Implants Placed in Healed Alveolar Ridges and Extraction Sockets.” International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants 25 (6): 1222–1232.
Vancouver
1.
Cooper L, Raes F, Reside G, Garriga JS, Tarrida LG, Wiltfang J, et al. Comparison of radiographic and clinical outcomes following immediate provisionalization of single-tooth dental implants placed in healed alveolar ridges and extraction sockets. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS. 2010;25(6):1222–32.
IEEE
[1]
L. Cooper et al., “Comparison of radiographic and clinical outcomes following immediate provisionalization of single-tooth dental implants placed in healed alveolar ridges and extraction sockets,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1222–1232, 2010.
@article{1166725,
  abstract     = {Purpose The primary goal of this study was to compare implant survival 12 months after immediate loading of single implants placed in healed ridges versus extraction sockets Secondary outcomes were to compare marginal bone adaptation and soft tissue changes over time Materials and Methods A prospective multicenter clinical investigation was initiated to assess clinical performance of immediately loaded implants in the maxilla Implant survival was ascertained at the time of impression making (8 to 10 weeks) and after 1 year by clinical stability Radiographic marginal bone levels, soft tissue levels, and plaque and bleeding scores were compared with baseline values (implant placement and provisionalization) Results One hundred thirty nine patients received 157 implants in the maxilla Single implants with provisional crowns were placed in extraction sockets of 55 patients (58 implants) and in healed ridges of 60 patients (65 implants) In addition, 19 patients (23 implants) required bone grafting prior to implant placement, and 11 implants in 10 patients among all groups were not immediately loaded because of insufficient initial stability after surgery Three implants (5 2%) failed in extraction sites and one implant (1 5%) failed in a healed ridge The mean change in marginal bone level 1 year after implant placement was 1 30 mm (SD 2 52) (gain) in extraction sockets and -0 40 mm (SD 1 43) (loss) in healed ridges The mucosal zenith was stable or moved incisally following definitive crown placement in 83 7% of immediate implants and 87 0% of implants placed in healed ridges Plaque and inflammation scores were low and did not differ between groups Conclusions The responses of local bone and soft tissues at immediately loaded implants placed in extraction sockets or healed ridges were similar Furthermore, these 1 year results suggest that clinical management of esthetically critical soft tissue may be predictably achieved in both indications INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 2010,25 1222-1232},
  articleno    = {PMID: 20977610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]},
  author       = {Cooper , Lyndon and Raes, Filiep and Reside, Glenn and Garriga, Joan Soliva and Tarrida, Luis Giner and Wiltfang, Jorg and Kern, Matthias and De Bruyn, Hugo},
  issn         = {0882-2786},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS},
  keywords     = {MAXILLA,dental implants,SOFT-TISSUE,REPLACEMENT,BONE,DOG,RESTORATIONS,SURGERY,SURFACE,MULTICENTER,immediate placement,single-tooth replacement,AESTHETIC ZONE,immediate loading},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {PMID: 20977610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]:1222--PMID: 20977610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]:1232},
  title        = {Comparison of radiographic and clinical outcomes following immediate provisionalization of single-tooth dental implants placed in healed alveolar ridges and extraction sockets},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2010},
}

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