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Control of malaria vectors: cost analysis in a province of northern Vietnam

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Abstract
The cost of permethrin-treated bednets (50% EC; 0.2 g/m(2), 2 rounds per year) was compared to the cost of residual spraying with lambdacyhalothrin 10% WP (0.03 g/m(2), once yearly) in Hoa Binh, a mountainous province in northern Vietnam. Calculations of the amounts of insecticides needed were based on national guidelines, on data from a cross-sectional survey and on district activity reports. The actual cost of insecticide required per person per year was lower for impregnation (US$ 0.26) than for spraying (US$ 0.36), but the difference was smaller than expected. The total cost for impregnated bednets per person per year amounted to US$ 0.90 compared to US$ 0.47 for spraying. The determining factor was the cost of the net, amounting to US$ 0.58 per person per year, assuming a 5-year life of the net. Other material (excluding nets), labour and transport combined, accounted for only 17% of the impregnation cost and 23% of spraying expenses. However, for the National Malaria Control Programme of Vietnam, the cost per person per year for impregnated bednets amounted to US$ 0.32 only, because the vast majority of nets are bought by the population. For spraying, the programme had to bear the entire cost.

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Chicago
Verlé, P, TTT Lieu, A Kongs, Patrick Van Der Stuyft, and M Coosemans. 1999. “Control of Malaria Vectors: Cost Analysis in a Province of Northern Vietnam.” Tropical Medicine & International Health 4 (2): 139–145.
APA
Verlé, P., Lieu, T., Kongs, A., Van Der Stuyft, P., & Coosemans, M. (1999). Control of malaria vectors: cost analysis in a province of northern Vietnam. TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH, 4(2), 139–145.
Vancouver
1.
Verlé P, Lieu T, Kongs A, Van Der Stuyft P, Coosemans M. Control of malaria vectors: cost analysis in a province of northern Vietnam. TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH. 1999;4(2):139–45.
MLA
Verlé, P, TTT Lieu, A Kongs, et al. “Control of Malaria Vectors: Cost Analysis in a Province of Northern Vietnam.” TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH 4.2 (1999): 139–145. Print.
@article{115904,
  abstract     = {The cost of permethrin-treated bednets (50% EC; 0.2 g/m(2), 2 rounds per year) was compared to the cost of residual spraying with lambdacyhalothrin 10% WP (0.03 g/m(2), once yearly) in Hoa Binh, a mountainous province in northern Vietnam. Calculations of the amounts of insecticides needed were based on national guidelines, on data from a cross-sectional survey and on district activity reports. The actual cost of insecticide required per person per year was lower for impregnation (US$ 0.26) than for spraying (US$ 0.36), but the difference was smaller than expected. The total cost for impregnated bednets per person per year amounted to US$ 0.90 compared to US$ 0.47 for spraying. The determining factor was the cost of the net, amounting to US$ 0.58 per person per year, assuming a 5-year life of the net. Other material (excluding nets), labour and transport combined, accounted for only 17% of the impregnation cost and 23% of spraying expenses. However, for the National Malaria Control Programme of Vietnam, the cost per person per year for impregnated bednets amounted to US$ 0.32 only, because the vast majority of nets are bought by the population. For spraying, the programme had to bear the entire cost.},
  author       = {Verlé, P and Lieu, TTT and Kongs, A and Van Der Stuyft, Patrick and Coosemans, M},
  issn         = {1360-2276},
  journal      = {TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {139--145},
  title        = {Control of malaria vectors: cost analysis in a province of northern Vietnam},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.1999.00365.x},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {1999},
}

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