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Hesitation in speech can... um... help a listener understand

Martin Corley and Robert Hartsuiker UGent (2003) Proceedings of the twenty-fifth annual conference of the cognitive science society. 1-2. p.276-281
abstract
This paper investigates the effect of disfluencies on listeners' on-line processing of speech. More specifically, it tests the hypothesis that filled pauses like um, which tend to occur before words that are low in accessibility, act as a signal to the listener that a relatively inaccessible word is about to be produced. Two experiments are reported, in which participants followed recorded instructions to press buttons corresponding to images on a computer screen. In 50% of trials, the spoken name of the image was preceded by um. In experiment 1, the intrinsic accessibility of the target items was manipulated (by means of lexical frequency); in experiment 2, the extrinsic (visual) accessibility varied. Both experiments demonstrated that participants were quicker to respond when a target was preceded by um, regardless of whether the item referred to was difficult to access or not. In addition, in experiment 2 there was a weak interaction between accessibility and presence or absence of an um. We present the data here as early evidence that listeners can benefit from disfluencies in others' speech, and outline some methodological and theoretical considerations and further experiments.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
conference (proceedingsPaper)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
COMPREHENSION, PAUSES, PROSODY, UH, UM
in
Proceedings of the twenty-fifth annual conference of the cognitive science society
volume
1-2
pages
276 - 281
publisher
Lawrence Erlbaum
place of publication
Mahwah, NJ, USA
conference name
25th Annual Conference of the Cognitive-Science-Society
conference location
Boston, MA, USA
conference start
2003-07-31
conference end
2003-08-02
Web of Science type
Proceedings Paper
Web of Science id
000232001900066
ISBN
0805849912
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
P1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1156268
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1156268
date created
2011-02-18 14:29:22
date last changed
2017-01-02 09:52:27
@inproceedings{1156268,
  abstract     = {This paper investigates the effect of disfluencies on listeners' on-line processing of speech. More specifically, it tests the hypothesis that filled pauses like um, which tend to occur before words that are low in accessibility, act as a signal to the listener that a relatively inaccessible word is about to be produced.
Two experiments are reported, in which participants followed recorded instructions to press buttons corresponding to images on a computer screen. In 50\% of trials, the spoken name of the image was preceded by um. In experiment 1, the intrinsic accessibility of the target items was manipulated (by means of lexical frequency); in experiment 2, the extrinsic (visual) accessibility varied. Both experiments demonstrated that participants were quicker to respond when a target was preceded by um, regardless of whether the item referred to was difficult to access or not. In addition, in experiment 2 there was a weak interaction between accessibility and presence or absence of an um. We present the data here as early evidence that listeners can benefit from disfluencies in others' speech, and outline some methodological and theoretical considerations and further experiments.},
  author       = {Corley, Martin and Hartsuiker, Robert},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of the twenty-fifth annual conference of the cognitive science society},
  isbn         = {0805849912},
  keyword      = {COMPREHENSION,PAUSES,PROSODY,UH,UM},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Boston, MA, USA},
  pages        = {276--281},
  publisher    = {Lawrence Erlbaum},
  title        = {Hesitation in speech can... um... help a listener understand},
  volume       = {1-2},
  year         = {2003},
}

Chicago
Corley, Martin, and Robert Hartsuiker. 2003. “Hesitation in Speech Can... Um... Help a Listener Understand.” In Proceedings of the Twenty-fifth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 1-2:276–281. Mahwah, NJ, USA: Lawrence Erlbaum.
APA
Corley, M., & Hartsuiker, R. (2003). Hesitation in speech can... um... help a listener understand. Proceedings of the twenty-fifth annual conference of the cognitive science society (Vol. 1–2, pp. 276–281). Presented at the 25th Annual Conference of the Cognitive-Science-Society, Mahwah, NJ, USA: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Vancouver
1.
Corley M, Hartsuiker R. Hesitation in speech can... um... help a listener understand. Proceedings of the twenty-fifth annual conference of the cognitive science society. Mahwah, NJ, USA: Lawrence Erlbaum; 2003. p. 276–81.
MLA
Corley, Martin, and Robert Hartsuiker. “Hesitation in Speech Can... Um... Help a Listener Understand.” Proceedings of the Twenty-fifth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Vol. 1–2. Mahwah, NJ, USA: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2003. 276–281. Print.