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Growing awareness of air pollution effects on forests has, from the early 1980s on, led to intensive forest damage research and monitoring. This has fostered air pollution control, especially in Europe and North America, and to a smaller extent also in other parts of the world. At several forest sites in these regions, there are first indications of a recovery of forest soil and tree conditions that may be attributed to improved air quality. This caused a decrease in the attention paid by politicians and the public to air pollution effects on forests. But air pollution continues to affect the structure and functioning of forest ecosystems not only in Europe and North America but even more so in parts of Russia, Asia, Latin America, and Africa. At the political level, however, attention to climate change is focussed on questions of CO2 emission and carbon sequestration. But ecological interactions between air pollution including CO2 and O3 concentrations, extreme temperatures, drought, fire, insects, pathogens, and fire, as well as the impact of ecosystem management practices, are still poorly understood. Future research should focus on the interacting impacts on forest trees and ecosystems. The integrative effects of air pollution and climatic change, in particular elevated O3, altered nutrient, temperature, water availability, and elevated CO2, will be key issues for impact research. An important improvement in our understanding might be obtained by the combination of long-term multidisciplinary experiments with ecosystem-level monitoring, and the integration of the results with ecosystem modelling within a multiple-constraint framework.
Keywords
sulphur, nitrogen, monitoring, Air pollution, climate change, ozone, carbon dioxide

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Chicago
Lorenz, Martin, Nicholas Clarke, Elena Paoletti, Andrzej Bytnerowicz, Nancy Grulke, Natalia Lukina, Hiroyuki Sase, and Jeroen Staelens. 2010. “Air Pollution Impacts on Forests in a Changing Climate.” In Forests and Society : Responding to Global Drivers of Change, ed. Gerardo Mery, Pia Katila, Glenn Galloway, Rene I Alfaro, Markku Kanninen, Maxim Lobovikov, and Jari Varjo, 25:55–75. Vienna, Austria: International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO).
APA
Lorenz, M., Clarke, N., Paoletti, E., Bytnerowicz, A., Grulke, N., Lukina, N., Sase, H., et al. (2010). Air pollution impacts on forests in a changing climate. In G. Mery, P. Katila, G. Galloway, R. I. Alfaro, M. Kanninen, M. Lobovikov, & J. Varjo (Eds.), Forests and society : responding to global drivers of change (Vol. 25, pp. 55–75). Vienna, Austria: International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO).
Vancouver
1.
Lorenz M, Clarke N, Paoletti E, Bytnerowicz A, Grulke N, Lukina N, et al. Air pollution impacts on forests in a changing climate. In: Mery G, Katila P, Galloway G, Alfaro RI, Kanninen M, Lobovikov M, et al., editors. Forests and society : responding to global drivers of change. Vienna, Austria: International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO); 2010. p. 55–75.
MLA
Lorenz, Martin, Nicholas Clarke, Elena Paoletti, et al. “Air Pollution Impacts on Forests in a Changing Climate.” Forests and Society : Responding to Global Drivers of Change. Ed. Gerardo Mery et al. Vol. 25. Vienna, Austria: International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO), 2010. 55–75. Print.
@incollection{1154363,
  abstract     = {Growing awareness of air pollution effects on forests has, from the early 1980s on, led to intensive forest damage research and monitoring. This has fostered air pollution control, especially in Europe and North America, and to a smaller extent also in other parts of the world. At several forest sites in these regions, there are first indications of a recovery of forest soil and tree conditions that may be attributed to improved air quality. This caused a decrease in the attention paid by politicians and the public to air pollution effects on forests. But air pollution continues to affect the structure and functioning of forest ecosystems not only in Europe and North America but even more so in parts of Russia, Asia, Latin America, and Africa. At the political level, however, attention to climate change is focussed on questions of CO2 emission and carbon sequestration. But ecological interactions between air pollution including CO2 and O3 concentrations, extreme temperatures, drought, fire, insects, pathogens, and fire, as well as the impact of ecosystem management practices, are still poorly understood. Future research should focus on the interacting impacts on forest trees and ecosystems. The integrative effects of air pollution and climatic change, in particular elevated O3, altered nutrient, temperature, water availability, and elevated CO2, will be key issues for impact research. An important improvement in our understanding might be obtained by the combination of long-term multidisciplinary experiments with ecosystem-level monitoring, and the integration of the results with ecosystem modelling within a multiple-constraint framework.},
  author       = {Lorenz, Martin and Clarke, Nicholas and Paoletti, Elena and Bytnerowicz, Andrzej and Grulke, Nancy and Lukina, Natalia and Sase, Hiroyuki and Staelens, Jeroen},
  booktitle    = {Forests and society : responding to global drivers of change},
  editor       = {Mery, Gerardo and Katila, Pia and Galloway, Glenn and Alfaro, Rene I and Kanninen, Markku  and Lobovikov, Maxim and Varjo, Jari},
  isbn         = {9783901347931},
  issn         = {1016-3263},
  keyword      = {sulphur,nitrogen,monitoring,Air pollution,climate change,ozone,carbon dioxide},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {55--75},
  publisher    = {International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO)},
  series       = {IUFRO World Series},
  title        = {Air pollution impacts on forests in a changing climate},
  url          = {http://agents.cirad.fr/pjjimg/bruno.locatelli@cirad.fr/Locatelli\_atal\_2010\_Forests\_and\_Adaptation\_CC\_IUFRO.pdf},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2010},
}