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Evaluative conditioning in humans: a meta-analysis

(2010) PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN. 136(3). p.390-421
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Abstract
This article presents a meta-analysis of research on evaluative conditioning (EC), defined as a change in the liking of a stimulus (conditioned stimulus. CS) that results from pairing that stimulus with other positive or negative stimuli (unconditioned stimulus. US) Across a total of 214 studies included in the main sample, the mean EC effect was d = 52. with a 95% confidence interval of 466-582 As estimated from a random-effects model, about 70% of the variance in effect sizes were attributable to true systematic variation rather than sampling error Moderator analyses were conducted to partially explain this variation, both as a function of concrete aspects of the procedural implementation and as a function of the abstract aspects of the relation between CS and US Among a range of other findings. EC effects were stronger for high than for low contingency awareness, for supraliminal than for subliminal US presentation for postacquisition than for postextinction effects, and for self-report than lot implicit measures These findings are discussed with regard to the procedural boundary conditions of EC and theoretical accounts about the mental processes underlying EC.
Keywords
evaluative conditioning, affective learning, associative learning, propositional learning, IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST, PICTURE-PICTURE PARADIGM, QUALITATIVELY DISTINCT FORM, ACQUIRED STIMULUS VALENCE, LEARNED TASTE-AVERSIONS, RANDOM-EFFECTS MODELS, CONTINGENCY AWARENESS, CONFIDENCE-INTERVALS, ATTITUDE FORMATION, STARTLE MODULATION, attitude learning

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Chicago
Hofmann, Wilhelm, Jan De Houwer, Marco Perugini, Frank Baeyens, and Geert Crombez. 2010. “Evaluative Conditioning in Humans: a Meta-analysis.” Psychological Bulletin 136 (3): 390–421.
APA
Hofmann, W., De Houwer, J., Perugini, M., Baeyens, F., & Crombez, G. (2010). Evaluative conditioning in humans: a meta-analysis. PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN, 136(3), 390–421.
Vancouver
1.
Hofmann W, De Houwer J, Perugini M, Baeyens F, Crombez G. Evaluative conditioning in humans: a meta-analysis. PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN. 2010;136(3):390–421.
MLA
Hofmann, Wilhelm, Jan De Houwer, Marco Perugini, et al. “Evaluative Conditioning in Humans: a Meta-analysis.” PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN 136.3 (2010): 390–421. Print.
@article{1153340,
  abstract     = {This article presents a meta-analysis of research on evaluative conditioning (EC), defined as a change in the liking of a stimulus (conditioned stimulus. CS) that results from pairing that stimulus with other positive or negative stimuli (unconditioned stimulus. US) Across a total of 214 studies included in the main sample, the mean EC effect was d = 52. with a 95\% confidence interval of 466-582 As estimated from a random-effects model, about 70\% of the variance in effect sizes were attributable to true systematic variation rather than sampling error Moderator analyses were conducted to partially explain this variation, both as a function of concrete aspects of the procedural implementation and as a function of the abstract aspects of the relation between CS and US Among a range of other findings. EC effects were stronger for high than for low contingency awareness, for supraliminal than for subliminal US presentation for postacquisition than for postextinction effects, and for self-report than lot implicit measures These findings are discussed with regard to the procedural boundary conditions of EC and theoretical accounts about the mental processes underlying EC.},
  author       = {Hofmann, Wilhelm and De Houwer, Jan and Perugini, Marco and Baeyens, Frank and Crombez, Geert},
  issn         = {0033-2909},
  journal      = {PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN},
  keyword      = {evaluative conditioning,affective learning,associative learning,propositional learning,IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST,PICTURE-PICTURE PARADIGM,QUALITATIVELY DISTINCT FORM,ACQUIRED STIMULUS VALENCE,LEARNED TASTE-AVERSIONS,RANDOM-EFFECTS MODELS,CONTINGENCY AWARENESS,CONFIDENCE-INTERVALS,ATTITUDE FORMATION,STARTLE MODULATION,attitude learning},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {390--421},
  title        = {Evaluative conditioning in humans: a meta-analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0018916},
  volume       = {136},
  year         = {2010},
}

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