Advanced search
1 file | 105.56 KB

Pig-farming systems and porcine cysticercosis in the north of Cameroon

(2010) JOURNAL OF HELMINTHOLOGY. 84(4). p.441-446
Author
Organization
Abstract
A survey was conducted in 150 households owning 1756 pigs in the rural areas of Mayo-Danay division in the north of Cameroon. A questionnaire survey was carried out to collect information on the pig-farming system and to identify potential risk factors for Taenia solium cysticercosis infection in pigs. Blood samples were collected from 398 pigs with the aim of estimating the seroprevalence of T. solium cysticercosis. The results showed that 90.7% of the pigs are free roaming during the dry season and that 42.7% of households keeping pigs in the rural areas have no latrine facility. Seventy-six per cent of the interviewed pig owners confirmed that members of the household used open-field defecation. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for antigen and antibody detection showed an apparent prevalence of cysticercosis of 24.6% and 32.2%, respectively. A Bayesian approach, using the conditional dependence between the two diagnostic tests, indicated that the true seroprevalence of cysticercosis in Mayo-Danay was 26.6%. Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that a lack of knowledge of the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex and the absence of a pig pen in the household were associated with pig cysticercosis.
Keywords
RISK-FACTORS, WEST-CAMEROON, EASTERN-CAPE PROVINCE, ZAMBIA, ANTIGENS, PREVALENCE, SWINE, COMMUNITY, SOUTH-AFRICA, TAENIA-SOLIUM CYSTICERCOSIS

Downloads

  • S0022149X10000167a.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 105.56 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Assana, Emmanuel, F Amadou, E Thys, MW Lightowlers, AP Zoli, Pierre Dorny, and S Geerts. 2010. “Pig-farming Systems and Porcine Cysticercosis in the North of Cameroon.” Journal of Helminthology 84 (4): 441–446.
APA
Assana, E., Amadou, F., Thys, E., Lightowlers, M., Zoli, A., Dorny, P., & Geerts, S. (2010). Pig-farming systems and porcine cysticercosis in the north of Cameroon. JOURNAL OF HELMINTHOLOGY, 84(4), 441–446.
Vancouver
1.
Assana E, Amadou F, Thys E, Lightowlers M, Zoli A, Dorny P, et al. Pig-farming systems and porcine cysticercosis in the north of Cameroon. JOURNAL OF HELMINTHOLOGY. 2010;84(4):441–6.
MLA
Assana, Emmanuel et al. “Pig-farming Systems and Porcine Cysticercosis in the North of Cameroon.” JOURNAL OF HELMINTHOLOGY 84.4 (2010): 441–446. Print.
@article{1151094,
  abstract     = {A survey was conducted in 150 households owning 1756 pigs in the rural areas of Mayo-Danay division in the north of Cameroon. A questionnaire survey was carried out to collect information on the pig-farming system and to identify potential risk factors for Taenia solium cysticercosis infection in pigs. Blood samples were collected from 398 pigs with the aim of estimating the seroprevalence of T. solium cysticercosis. The results showed that 90.7% of the pigs are free roaming during the dry season and that 42.7% of households keeping pigs in the rural areas have no latrine facility. Seventy-six per cent of the interviewed pig owners confirmed that members of the household used open-field defecation. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for antigen and antibody detection showed an apparent prevalence of cysticercosis of 24.6% and 32.2%, respectively. A Bayesian approach, using the conditional dependence between the two diagnostic tests, indicated that the true seroprevalence of cysticercosis in Mayo-Danay was 26.6%. Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that a lack of knowledge of the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex and the absence of a pig pen in the household were associated with pig cysticercosis.},
  author       = {Assana, Emmanuel and Amadou, F and Thys, E and Lightowlers, MW and Zoli, AP and Dorny, Pierre and Geerts, S},
  issn         = {0022-149X},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF HELMINTHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {RISK-FACTORS,WEST-CAMEROON,EASTERN-CAPE PROVINCE,ZAMBIA,ANTIGENS,PREVALENCE,SWINE,COMMUNITY,SOUTH-AFRICA,TAENIA-SOLIUM CYSTICERCOSIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {441--446},
  title        = {Pig-farming systems and porcine cysticercosis in the north of Cameroon},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X10000167},
  volume       = {84},
  year         = {2010},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: