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General and maladaptive personality dimensions in pediatric obsessive-compulsive symptoms

Nathalie Aelterman UGent, Barbara De Clercq UGent, Marleen De Bolle UGent and Filip De Fruyt UGent (2011) CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. 42(1). p.24-41
abstract
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic and impairing clinical disorder in childhood, often characterized by a heterogeneous symptomatic profile and high co-occurrence with other disorders. The present study introduces a new perspective on the description of OCD symptoms in youth, and empirically examines the value of a personality framework (e.g. Five Factor of Personality; FFM) for understanding early OCD symptomatology in a referred sample of 274 children and adolescents, relying on age-specific measures of general and maladaptive personality. Differences in general and maladaptive personality traits for high versus low-scoring children and adolescents on the Obsessive-Compulsive Scale of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL-OCS) were explored. The discriminant validity of both higher-and lower-order personality traits was supported, showing that high CBCL-OCS scorers are characterized by specific personality features ranging from adaptive to pathological, especially in terms of Conscientiousness. In addition, personality traits contributed to the accurate classification of high- versus low-scorers on the CBCL-OCS. Implications for clinical practice and recommendations for future research are discussed.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
OF-MENTAL-DISORDERS, NEO-PI-R, QUANTITATIVE HIERARCHICAL MODEL, CHILD-BEHAVIOR CHECKLIST, 5-FACTOR MODEL, ANXIETY DISORDERS, DSM-V, DEVELOPMENTAL PERSPECTIVE, CLINICAL DISORDERS, LIFE-SPAN, Obsessive-compulsive symptoms, Personality dimensions, Personality pathology, Childhood, Adolescence
journal title
CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Child Psychiat. Hum. Dev.
volume
42
issue
1
pages
24 - 41
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000287323500003
JCR category
PSYCHIATRY
JCR impact factor
1.934 (2011)
JCR rank
47/115 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
0009-398X
DOI
10.1007/s10578-010-0199-9
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1150897
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1150897
date created
2011-02-15 11:16:11
date last changed
2012-05-02 10:01:37
@article{1150897,
  abstract     = {Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic and impairing clinical disorder in childhood, often characterized by a heterogeneous symptomatic profile and high co-occurrence with other disorders. The present study introduces a new perspective on the description of OCD symptoms in youth, and empirically examines the value of a personality framework (e.g. Five Factor of Personality; FFM) for understanding early OCD symptomatology in a referred sample of 274 children and adolescents, relying on age-specific measures of general and maladaptive personality. Differences in general and maladaptive personality traits for high versus low-scoring children and adolescents on the Obsessive-Compulsive Scale of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL-OCS) were explored. The discriminant validity of both higher-and lower-order personality traits was supported, showing that high CBCL-OCS scorers are characterized by specific personality features ranging from adaptive to pathological, especially in terms of Conscientiousness. In addition, personality traits contributed to the accurate classification of high- versus low-scorers on the CBCL-OCS. Implications for clinical practice and recommendations for future research are discussed.},
  author       = {Aelterman, Nathalie and De Clercq, Barbara and De Bolle, Marleen and De Fruyt, Filip},
  issn         = {0009-398X},
  journal      = {CHILD PSYCHIATRY \& HUMAN DEVELOPMENT},
  keyword      = {OF-MENTAL-DISORDERS,NEO-PI-R,QUANTITATIVE HIERARCHICAL MODEL,CHILD-BEHAVIOR CHECKLIST,5-FACTOR MODEL,ANXIETY DISORDERS,DSM-V,DEVELOPMENTAL PERSPECTIVE,CLINICAL DISORDERS,LIFE-SPAN,Obsessive-compulsive symptoms,Personality dimensions,Personality pathology,Childhood,Adolescence},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {24--41},
  title        = {General and maladaptive personality dimensions in pediatric obsessive-compulsive symptoms},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-010-0199-9},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Aelterman, Nathalie, Barbara De Clercq, Marleen De Bolle, and Filip De Fruyt. 2011. “General and Maladaptive Personality Dimensions in Pediatric Obsessive-compulsive Symptoms.” Child Psychiatry & Human Development 42 (1): 24–41.
APA
Aelterman, N., De Clercq, B., De Bolle, M., & De Fruyt, F. (2011). General and maladaptive personality dimensions in pediatric obsessive-compulsive symptoms. CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, 42(1), 24–41.
Vancouver
1.
Aelterman N, De Clercq B, De Bolle M, De Fruyt F. General and maladaptive personality dimensions in pediatric obsessive-compulsive symptoms. CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. 2011;42(1):24–41.
MLA
Aelterman, Nathalie, Barbara De Clercq, Marleen De Bolle, et al. “General and Maladaptive Personality Dimensions in Pediatric Obsessive-compulsive Symptoms.” CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 42.1 (2011): 24–41. Print.