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The influence of n-3 PUFA supplements and n-3 PUFA enriched foods on the n-3 LC PUFA intake of flemish women

(2010) LIPIDS. 45(4). p.313-320
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Abstract
Food consumption data of Flemish women of reproductive age collected in 2002 showed a large deficit for ALA and n-3 LC PUFA compared to the recommendations (mean ALA and EPA + DHA intake 1.4 g/day and 209 mg/day, respectively) and indicated a need to tackle the problem of low n-3 PUFA intake. Another recent Belgian study demonstrated that enrichment of commonly eaten food items with n-3 PUFA provides the opportunity to increase the n-3 PUFA intake up to 6.5 g/day and decrease the n-6/n-3 ratio. Since a large supply of n-3 PUFA supplements and n-3 PUFA enriched foods exists on the Belgian market, this study aimed at assessing the influence of these products on the n-3 LC PUFA intake for Flemish women of reproductive age. It was found that n-3 supplements are consumed by 5% of the Flemish women. Of all the n-3 PUFA enriched foods on the Flemish market, margarines and cooking fat are most frequently consumed by young women. The results indicated that a big gap remains between the EPA&DHA intake (mean = 276 mg/day) and the recommendation. Seafood remains the most important source of EPA&DHA. Only 11.6% of the population sample reached an intake level of 500 mg EPA& DHA per day. The study showed that other strategies will be needed to increase the EPA& DHA intake in the long term.
Keywords
Omega-3 supplements, EPA&DHA, Omega-3 enrichment, Dietary intake, Women, Belgium, PUFA, POLYUNSATURATED FATTY-ACIDS, FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRE, HUMAN HEALTH, DIETARY-FAT, LIFE-STYLE, OMEGA-3, RECOMMENDATIONS, BIOSYNTHESIS, VALIDATION, PREGNANCY

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Chicago
Sioen, Isabelle, Jolien Devroe, David Inghels, Ruth Terwecoren, and Stefaan De Henauw. 2010. “The Influence of N-3 PUFA Supplements and N-3 PUFA Enriched Foods on the N-3 LC PUFA Intake of Flemish Women.” Lipids 45 (4): 313–320.
APA
Sioen, I., Devroe, J., Inghels, D., Terwecoren, R., & De Henauw, S. (2010). The influence of n-3 PUFA supplements and n-3 PUFA enriched foods on the n-3 LC PUFA intake of flemish women. LIPIDS, 45(4), 313–320.
Vancouver
1.
Sioen I, Devroe J, Inghels D, Terwecoren R, De Henauw S. The influence of n-3 PUFA supplements and n-3 PUFA enriched foods on the n-3 LC PUFA intake of flemish women. LIPIDS. 2010;45(4):313–20.
MLA
Sioen, Isabelle, Jolien Devroe, David Inghels, et al. “The Influence of N-3 PUFA Supplements and N-3 PUFA Enriched Foods on the N-3 LC PUFA Intake of Flemish Women.” LIPIDS 45.4 (2010): 313–320. Print.
@article{1150176,
  abstract     = {Food consumption data of Flemish women of reproductive age collected in 2002 showed a large deficit for ALA and n-3 LC PUFA compared to the recommendations (mean ALA and EPA + DHA intake 1.4 g/day and 209 mg/day, respectively) and indicated a need to tackle the problem of low n-3 PUFA intake. Another recent Belgian study demonstrated that enrichment of commonly eaten food items with n-3 PUFA provides the opportunity to increase the n-3 PUFA intake up to 6.5 g/day and decrease the n-6/n-3 ratio. Since a large supply of n-3 PUFA supplements and n-3 PUFA enriched foods exists on the Belgian market, this study aimed at assessing the influence of these products on the n-3 LC PUFA intake for Flemish women of reproductive age. It was found that n-3 supplements are consumed by 5\% of the Flemish women. Of all the n-3 PUFA enriched foods on the Flemish market, margarines and cooking fat are most frequently consumed by young women. The results indicated that a big gap remains between the EPA\&DHA intake (mean = 276 mg/day) and the recommendation. Seafood remains the most important source of EPA\&DHA. Only 11.6\% of the population sample reached an intake level of 500 mg EPA\& DHA per day. The study showed that other strategies will be needed to increase the EPA\& DHA intake in the long term.},
  author       = {Sioen, Isabelle and Devroe, Jolien and Inghels, David and Terwecoren, Ruth and De Henauw, Stefaan},
  issn         = {0024-4201},
  journal      = {LIPIDS},
  keyword      = {Omega-3 supplements,EPA\&DHA,Omega-3 enrichment,Dietary intake,Women,Belgium,PUFA,POLYUNSATURATED FATTY-ACIDS,FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRE,HUMAN HEALTH,DIETARY-FAT,LIFE-STYLE,OMEGA-3,RECOMMENDATIONS,BIOSYNTHESIS,VALIDATION,PREGNANCY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {313--320},
  title        = {The influence of n-3 PUFA supplements and n-3 PUFA enriched foods on the n-3 LC PUFA intake of flemish women},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11745-010-3403-6},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2010},
}

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