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Micro-CT-scanning as a valuable source of data for musculoskeletal studies in biology

Dominique Adriaens (UGent) , Tomas Praet (UGent) , Annelies Genbrugge (UGent) , Heleen Leysen (UGent) , J Soons, Denis Van Loo (UGent) , Sofie Van Cauter (UGent) , Manuel Dierick (UGent) , R Boistel, Matthieu De Beule (UGent) , et al.
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Abstract
Over time, so-called classic biological studies (such as anatomical studies) have evolved into modern, highly integrated strategies tackling important questions in evolutionary biology. Where early morphologists limited themselves to descriptions based on dissections, non-invasive imaging techniques nowadays allow to uncover details of anatomy in a way that morphologists can go far beyond basic and descriptive anatomy, e.g. through modelling. In this presentation, an overview is presented on some on-going research projects that rely on X-ray tomography data, which focus on the adaptive evolution of musculoskeletal systems in different vertebrate lineages. Cases discussed are (1) a study on the cranial anatomical diversity and functional implications in the feeding apparatus in seahorses, (2) as well as multi-body modelling of the tail system in these fishes; and (3) structural diversity in Darwin’s finches in relation to high performance seed cracking. These cases clearly show the (still not fully explored) potential for testing specific hypotheses with respect to adaptive evolution, where X-ray tomography provides the tools to model experimental conditions that are impossible to achieve with live specimens (e.g. perfect control of specific parameters).
Keywords
biology, evolution, vertebrates, adaptation, 3D-modelling

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Chicago
Adriaens, Dominique, Tomas Praet, Annelies Genbrugge, Heleen Leysen, J Soons, Denis Van Loo, Sofie Van Cauter, et al. 2010. “Micro-CT-scanning as a Valuable Source of Data for Musculoskeletal Studies in Biology.” In X-ray Tomography as a Multidisciplinary Research Tool : Exploring New Frontiers, ed. Joris Van Acker, Luc Van Hoorebeke, Patric Jacobs, Veerle Cnudde, and Jan Van den Bulcke, 59–59. Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University. Centre for X-ray Tomography (UGCT).
APA
Adriaens, D., Praet, T., Genbrugge, A., Leysen, H., Soons, J., Van Loo, D., Van Cauter, S., et al. (2010). Micro-CT-scanning as a valuable source of data for musculoskeletal studies in biology. In Joris Van Acker, L. Van Hoorebeke, P. Jacobs, V. Cnudde, & J. Van den Bulcke (Eds.), X-ray tomography as a multidisciplinary research tool : exploring new frontiers (pp. 59–59). Presented at the 1st UGCT seminar : X-ray tomography as a multidisciplinary research tool : exploring new frontiers, Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University. Centre for X-ray Tomography (UGCT).
Vancouver
1.
Adriaens D, Praet T, Genbrugge A, Leysen H, Soons J, Van Loo D, et al. Micro-CT-scanning as a valuable source of data for musculoskeletal studies in biology. In: Van Acker J, Van Hoorebeke L, Jacobs P, Cnudde V, Van den Bulcke J, editors. X-ray tomography as a multidisciplinary research tool : exploring new frontiers. Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University. Centre for X-ray Tomography (UGCT); 2010. p. 59–59.
MLA
Adriaens, Dominique et al. “Micro-CT-scanning as a Valuable Source of Data for Musculoskeletal Studies in Biology.” X-ray Tomography as a Multidisciplinary Research Tool : Exploring New Frontiers. Ed. Joris Van Acker et al. Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University. Centre for X-ray Tomography (UGCT), 2010. 59–59. Print.
@inproceedings{1147548,
  abstract     = {Over time, so-called classic biological studies (such as anatomical studies) have evolved into modern, highly integrated strategies tackling important questions in evolutionary biology. Where early morphologists limited themselves to descriptions based on dissections, non-invasive imaging techniques nowadays allow to uncover details of anatomy in a way that morphologists can go far beyond basic and descriptive anatomy, e.g. through modelling. In this presentation, an overview is presented on some on-going research projects that rely on X-ray tomography data, which focus on the adaptive evolution of musculoskeletal systems in different vertebrate lineages. Cases discussed are (1) a study on the cranial anatomical diversity and functional implications in the feeding apparatus in seahorses, (2) as well as multi-body modelling of the tail system in these fishes; and (3) structural diversity in Darwin’s finches in relation to high performance seed cracking. These cases clearly show the (still not fully explored) potential for testing specific hypotheses with respect to adaptive evolution, where X-ray tomography provides the tools to model experimental conditions that are impossible to achieve with live specimens (e.g. perfect control of specific parameters).},
  author       = {Adriaens, Dominique and Praet, Tomas and Genbrugge, Annelies and Leysen, Heleen and Soons, J and Van Loo, Denis and Van Cauter, Sofie and Dierick, Manuel and Boistel, R and De Beule, Matthieu and Herrel, A and Verhegghe, Benedict and Dirckx, J and Van Hoorebeke, Luc},
  booktitle    = {X-ray tomography as a multidisciplinary research tool : exploring new frontiers},
  editor       = {Van Acker, Joris and Van Hoorebeke, Luc and Jacobs, Patric and Cnudde, Veerle and Van den Bulcke, Jan},
  isbn         = {9789080656581},
  keywords     = {biology,evolution,vertebrates,adaptation,3D-modelling},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Ghent, Belgium},
  pages        = {59--59},
  publisher    = {Ghent University. Centre for X-ray Tomography (UGCT)},
  title        = {Micro-CT-scanning as a valuable source of data for musculoskeletal studies in biology},
  year         = {2010},
}