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The effects of background white noise on memory performance in inattentive school children

Goran BW Soderlund, Sverker Sikstrom, Jan M Loftesnes and Edmund Barke (2010) BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONS. 6(55).
abstract
Background: Noise is typically conceived of as being detrimental for cognitive performance; however, a recent computational model based on the concepts of stochastic resonance and dopamine related internal noise postulates that a moderate amount of auditive noise benefit individuals in hypodopaminergic states. On the basis of this model we predicted that inattentive children would be enhanced by adding background white noise while attentive children's performance would deteriorate. Methods: Fifty-one secondary school pupils carried out an episodic verbal free recall test in two noise conditions. In the high noise condition, verb-noun sentences were presented during auditory background noise (white noise, 78 dB), and in the low noise condition sentences were presented without noise. Results: Exposure to background noise improved performance for inattentive children and worsened performance for attentive children and eliminated episodic memory differences between attentive and inattentive school children. Conclusions: Consistent with the model, our data show that cognitive performance can be moderated by external background white noise stimulation in a non-clinical group of inattentive participants. This finding needs replicating in a larger sample using more noise levels but if replicated has great practical applications by offering a non-invasive way to improve school results in children with attentional problems.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, CENTRAL NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS, ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE, STOCHASTIC RESONANCE, WORKING-MEMORY, VESTIBULAR STIMULATION, COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE, DOPAMINE RELEASE, IRRELEVANT SPEECH, NETWORK MODEL
journal title
BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONS
Behav. Brain Funct.
volume
6
issue
55
article number
55
pages
10 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000283049100001
JCR category
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
2.305 (2010)
JCR rank
27/48 (2010)
JCR quartile
3 (2010)
ISSN
1744-9081
DOI
10.1186/1744-9081-6-55
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1146132
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1146132
date created
2011-02-10 17:57:08
date last changed
2016-12-21 15:42:28
@article{1146132,
  abstract     = {Background: Noise is typically conceived of as being detrimental for cognitive performance; however, a recent computational model based on the concepts of stochastic resonance and dopamine related internal noise postulates that a moderate amount of auditive noise benefit individuals in hypodopaminergic states. On the basis of this model we predicted that inattentive children would be enhanced by adding background white noise while attentive children's performance would deteriorate.
Methods: Fifty-one secondary school pupils carried out an episodic verbal free recall test in two noise conditions. In the high noise condition, verb-noun sentences were presented during auditory background noise (white noise, 78 dB), and in the low noise condition sentences were presented without noise.
Results: Exposure to background noise improved performance for inattentive children and worsened performance for attentive children and eliminated episodic memory differences between attentive and inattentive school children.
Conclusions: Consistent with the model, our data show that cognitive performance can be moderated by external background white noise stimulation in a non-clinical group of inattentive participants. This finding needs replicating in a larger sample using more noise levels but if replicated has great practical applications by offering a non-invasive way to improve school results in children with attentional problems.},
  articleno    = {55},
  author       = {Soderlund, Goran BW and Sikstrom, Sverker and Loftesnes, Jan M and Barke, Edmund},
  issn         = {1744-9081},
  journal      = {BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONS},
  keyword      = {ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER,CENTRAL NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS,ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE,STOCHASTIC RESONANCE,WORKING-MEMORY,VESTIBULAR STIMULATION,COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE,DOPAMINE RELEASE,IRRELEVANT SPEECH,NETWORK MODEL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {55},
  pages        = {10},
  title        = {The effects of background white noise on memory performance in inattentive school children},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1744-9081-6-55},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Soderlund, Goran BW, Sverker Sikstrom, Jan M Loftesnes, and Edmund Barke. 2010. “The Effects of Background White Noise on Memory Performance in Inattentive School Children.” Behavioral and Brain Functions 6 (55).
APA
Soderlund, G. B., Sikstrom, S., Loftesnes, J. M., & Barke, E. (2010). The effects of background white noise on memory performance in inattentive school children. BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONS, 6(55).
Vancouver
1.
Soderlund GB, Sikstrom S, Loftesnes JM, Barke E. The effects of background white noise on memory performance in inattentive school children. BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONS. 2010;6(55).
MLA
Soderlund, Goran BW, Sverker Sikstrom, Jan M Loftesnes, et al. “The Effects of Background White Noise on Memory Performance in Inattentive School Children.” BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONS 6.55 (2010): n. pag. Print.