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Acculturation strategies and mental health in gay, lesbian and bisexual youth

Nele Cox (UGent) , Wim Van den Berghe (UGent) , Alexis Dewaele (UGent) and Johny Vincke (UGent)
(2010) JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE. 39(10). p.1199-1210
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Abstract
In this article, we examine the impact of acculturation strategies on minority stress and mental health in lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) youth in Flanders, Belgium. Building on previous identity minority studies and on the social stress model, we investigate how LGB youth acculturate within both the LGB subculture and mainstream society and how this correlates with their mental health. Our sample is taken from an online survey and represents 561 LGB youth aged 14 through 21. The four traditional acculturation strategies are represented in this population (integration, separation, marginalization, assimilation). Bisexual boys are mostly absent from separation and integration strategies; gay and lesbian youth in middle adolescence are significantly more represented in the separation strategy compared to their late adolescence counterparts. Further, our findings suggest the relevance of identification with the LGB community, especially for internalized negative attitudes toward homosexuality. LGB youth who identify with the LGB community score significantly lower on this internalized homonegativity.
Keywords
Acculturation, LGB youth, Minority stress, Mental health, STIGMA CONSCIOUSNESS, SEXUAL ORIENTATION, ETHNIC-IDENTITY, SOCIAL IDENTITY, SELF-ESTEEM, STRESS, YOUNG, SUPPORT, STEREOTYPES, IMMIGRATION

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Chicago
Cox, Nele, Wim Van den Berghe, Alexis Dewaele, and Johny Vincke. 2010. “Acculturation Strategies and Mental Health in Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Youth.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 39 (10): 1199–1210.
APA
Cox, Nele, Van den Berghe, W., Dewaele, A., & Vincke, J. (2010). Acculturation strategies and mental health in gay, lesbian and bisexual youth. JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE, 39(10), 1199–1210.
Vancouver
1.
Cox N, Van den Berghe W, Dewaele A, Vincke J. Acculturation strategies and mental health in gay, lesbian and bisexual youth. JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE. 2010;39(10):1199–210.
MLA
Cox, Nele, Wim Van den Berghe, Alexis Dewaele, et al. “Acculturation Strategies and Mental Health in Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Youth.” JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE 39.10 (2010): 1199–1210. Print.
@article{1142502,
  abstract     = {In this article, we examine the impact of acculturation strategies on minority stress and mental health in lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) youth in Flanders, Belgium. Building on previous identity minority studies and on the social stress model, we investigate how LGB youth acculturate within both the LGB subculture and mainstream society and how this correlates with their mental health. Our sample is taken from an online survey and represents 561 LGB youth aged 14 through 21. The four traditional acculturation strategies are represented in this population (integration, separation, marginalization, assimilation). Bisexual boys are mostly absent from separation and integration strategies; gay and lesbian youth in middle adolescence are significantly more represented in the separation strategy compared to their late adolescence counterparts. Further, our findings suggest the relevance of identification with the LGB community, especially for internalized negative attitudes toward homosexuality. LGB youth who identify with the LGB community score significantly lower on this internalized homonegativity.},
  author       = {Cox, Nele and Van den Berghe, Wim and Dewaele, Alexis and Vincke, Johny},
  issn         = {0047-2891},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE},
  keyword      = {Acculturation,LGB youth,Minority stress,Mental health,STIGMA CONSCIOUSNESS,SEXUAL ORIENTATION,ETHNIC-IDENTITY,SOCIAL IDENTITY,SELF-ESTEEM,STRESS,YOUNG,SUPPORT,STEREOTYPES,IMMIGRATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {1199--1210},
  title        = {Acculturation strategies and mental health in gay, lesbian and bisexual youth},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-009-9435-7},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2010},
}

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