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Environmental and psychosocial correlates of accelerometer: assessed and self-reported physical activity in Belgian adults

Delfien Van Dyck UGent, Greet Cardon UGent, Benedicte Deforche UGent, Billie Giles-Corti, James F Sallis, Neville Owen and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij UGent (2011) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE. 18(3). p.235-245
abstract
Background Despite the well-known benefits of physical activity (PA) on overall health, the majority of the adult population does not engage in sufficient PA. To develop effective interventions to increase PA, it is necessary to understand the most important PA correlates and to investigate whether correlates are similar in different population subgroups. Purpose This study examined associations between physical environmental perceptions and self-reported and objectively assessed PA in Belgian adults. Moreover, associations between psychosocial factors and PA, and the moderating effects of sociodemographic factors were investigated. Method A sample of 1,200 Belgian adults (20-65 years; 47.9% males) completed a survey measuring sociodemographic variables and psychosocial correlates, the Neighborhood Environmental Walkability Scale and the long-version International Physical Activity Questionnaire. They wore an accelerometer for 7 days. Results Perceiving neighborhoods to be high walkable (high residential density, high land use mix access, and high land use mix diversity) and recreation facilities to be convenient, and the availability of home PA equipment were the most consistent physical environmental correlates of PA. The strongest psychosocial correlates were social support from friends and family and self-efficacy. The psychosocial associations were most consistent for self-reported leisure-time PA and less clear for self-reported active transportation and accelerometer-assessed PA. Few significant sociodemographic moderators were found. Conclusion Both physical environmental and psychosocial factors were associated with PA in adults, with psychosocial factors being important especially for leisure-time PA. Correlates of PA were similar regardless of gender, age, or socio-economic status, so interventions to change these factors could have population-wide effects.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
CHILDREN, VALIDITY, ATTRIBUTES, WALKABILITY, DETERMINANTS, WALKING, NEIGHBORHOOD, BUILT ENVIRONMENT, AUSTRALIAN ADULTS, ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE, Ecological models, Accelerometers, Transportation, Socio-economic status
journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
Int. J. Behav. Med.
volume
18
issue
3
pages
235 - 245
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000293299000009
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, CLINICAL
JCR impact factor
2.625 (2011)
JCR rank
24/109 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
1070-5503
DOI
10.1007/s12529-010-9127-4
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1140221
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1140221
date created
2011-02-05 00:04:31
date last changed
2011-09-16 09:54:04
@article{1140221,
  abstract     = {Background Despite the well-known benefits of physical activity (PA) on overall health, the majority of the adult population does not engage in sufficient PA. To develop effective interventions to increase PA, it is necessary to understand the most important PA correlates and to investigate whether correlates are similar in different population subgroups. 
Purpose This study examined associations between physical environmental perceptions and self-reported and objectively assessed PA in Belgian adults. Moreover, associations between psychosocial factors and PA, and the moderating effects of sociodemographic factors were investigated. 
Method A sample of 1,200 Belgian adults (20-65 years; 47.9\% males) completed a survey measuring sociodemographic variables and psychosocial correlates, the Neighborhood Environmental Walkability Scale and the long-version International Physical Activity Questionnaire. They wore an accelerometer for 7 days. 
Results Perceiving neighborhoods to be high walkable (high residential density, high land use mix access, and high land use mix diversity) and recreation facilities to be convenient, and the availability of home PA equipment were the most consistent physical environmental correlates of PA. The strongest psychosocial correlates were social support from friends and family and self-efficacy. The psychosocial associations were most consistent for self-reported leisure-time PA and less clear for self-reported active transportation and accelerometer-assessed PA. Few significant sociodemographic moderators were found. 
Conclusion Both physical environmental and psychosocial factors were associated with PA in adults, with psychosocial factors being important especially for leisure-time PA. Correlates of PA were similar regardless of gender, age, or socio-economic status, so interventions to change these factors could have population-wide effects.},
  author       = {Van Dyck, Delfien and Cardon, Greet and Deforche, Benedicte and Giles-Corti, Billie and Sallis, James F and Owen , Neville and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse},
  issn         = {1070-5503},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE},
  keyword      = {CHILDREN,VALIDITY,ATTRIBUTES,WALKABILITY,DETERMINANTS,WALKING,NEIGHBORHOOD,BUILT ENVIRONMENT,AUSTRALIAN ADULTS,ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE,Ecological models,Accelerometers,Transportation,Socio-economic status},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {235--245},
  title        = {Environmental and psychosocial correlates of accelerometer: assessed and self-reported physical activity in Belgian adults},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12529-010-9127-4},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Van Dyck, Delfien, Greet Cardon, Benedicte Deforche, Billie Giles-Corti, James F Sallis, Neville Owen , and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. 2011. “Environmental and Psychosocial Correlates of Accelerometer: Assessed and Self-reported Physical Activity in Belgian Adults.” International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 18 (3): 235–245.
APA
Van Dyck, Delfien, Cardon, G., Deforche, B., Giles-Corti, B., Sallis, J. F., Owen , N., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2011). Environmental and psychosocial correlates of accelerometer: assessed and self-reported physical activity in Belgian adults. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE, 18(3), 235–245.
Vancouver
1.
Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, Giles-Corti B, Sallis JF, Owen N, et al. Environmental and psychosocial correlates of accelerometer: assessed and self-reported physical activity in Belgian adults. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE. 2011;18(3):235–45.
MLA
Van Dyck, Delfien, Greet Cardon, Benedicte Deforche, et al. “Environmental and Psychosocial Correlates of Accelerometer: Assessed and Self-reported Physical Activity in Belgian Adults.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE 18.3 (2011): 235–245. Print.