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Anxiety not only increases, but also alters early error-monitoring functions

Kristien Aarts UGent and Gilles Pourtois UGent (2010) COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE. 10(4). p.479-492
abstract
Anxiety has profound influences on a wide range of cognitive processes, including action monitoring. Event-related brain potential (ERP) studies have shown that anxiety can boost early error detection mechanisms, as reflected by an enhanced error-related negativity (ERN) following errors in high-anxious, as compared with low-anxious, participants. This observation is consistent with the assumption of a gain control mechanism exerted by anxiety onto error-related brain responses within the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). However, whether anxiety simply enhances or, rather, alters early error detection mechanisms remains unsolved. In this study, we compared the performance of low- versus high-trait-anxious participants during a go/no-go task while high-density EEG was recorded. The two groups showed comparable behavioral performance, although levels of state anxiety increased following the task for high-anxious participants only. ERP results confirmed that the ERN/Ne to errors was enhanced for high-anxious, relative to low-anxious, participants. However, complementary topographic analyses revealed that the scalp map of the ERN/Ne was not identical between the two groups, suggesting that anxiety did not merely increase early error detection mechanisms, but also led to a qualitative change in the early appraisal of errors. Inverse solution results confirmed a shift within the ACC for the localization of neural generators underlying the ERN/Ne scalp map in high-anxious participants, corroborating the assumption of an early effect of anxiety on early error-monitoring functions. These results shed new light on the dynamic interplay between anxiety and error-monitoring functions in the human brain.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER, ERP COMPONENTS, MEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX, ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX, NEURAL SYSTEM, TIME-COURSE, SPATIOTEMPORAL DYNAMICS, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, COGNITIVE CONTROL, BRAIN POTENTIALS
journal title
COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE
Cogn. Affect. Behav. Neurosci.
volume
10
issue
4
pages
479 - 492
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000285439000006
JCR category
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
3.512 (2010)
JCR rank
11/48 (2010)
JCR quartile
1 (2010)
ISSN
1530-7026
DOI
10.3758/CABN.10.4.479
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1140110
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1140110
date created
2011-02-04 17:10:04
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:45:26
@article{1140110,
  abstract     = {Anxiety has profound influences on a wide range of cognitive processes, including action monitoring. Event-related brain potential (ERP) studies have shown that anxiety can boost early error detection mechanisms, as reflected by an enhanced error-related negativity (ERN) following errors in high-anxious, as compared with low-anxious, participants. This observation is consistent with the assumption of a gain control mechanism exerted by anxiety onto error-related brain responses within the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). However, whether anxiety simply enhances or, rather, alters early error detection mechanisms remains unsolved. In this study, we compared the performance of low- versus high-trait-anxious participants during a go/no-go task while high-density EEG was recorded. The two groups showed comparable behavioral performance, although levels of state anxiety increased following the task for high-anxious participants only. ERP results confirmed that the ERN/Ne to errors was enhanced for high-anxious, relative to low-anxious, participants. However, complementary topographic analyses revealed that the scalp map of the ERN/Ne was not identical between the two groups, suggesting that anxiety did not merely increase early error detection mechanisms, but also led to a qualitative change in the early appraisal of errors. Inverse solution results confirmed a shift within the ACC for the localization of neural generators underlying the ERN/Ne scalp map in high-anxious participants, corroborating the assumption of an early effect of anxiety on early error-monitoring functions. These results shed new light on the dynamic interplay between anxiety and error-monitoring functions in the human brain.},
  author       = {Aarts, Kristien and Pourtois, Gilles},
  issn         = {1530-7026},
  journal      = {COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE \& BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE},
  keyword      = {OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER,ERP COMPONENTS,MEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX,ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX,NEURAL SYSTEM,TIME-COURSE,SPATIOTEMPORAL DYNAMICS,INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES,COGNITIVE CONTROL,BRAIN POTENTIALS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {479--492},
  title        = {Anxiety not only increases, but also alters early error-monitoring functions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/CABN.10.4.479},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Aarts, Kristien, and Gilles Pourtois. 2010. “Anxiety Not Only Increases, but Also Alters Early Error-monitoring Functions.” Cognitive Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience 10 (4): 479–492.
APA
Aarts, K., & Pourtois, G. (2010). Anxiety not only increases, but also alters early error-monitoring functions. COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE, 10(4), 479–492.
Vancouver
1.
Aarts K, Pourtois G. Anxiety not only increases, but also alters early error-monitoring functions. COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE. 2010;10(4):479–92.
MLA
Aarts, Kristien, and Gilles Pourtois. “Anxiety Not Only Increases, but Also Alters Early Error-monitoring Functions.” COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE 10.4 (2010): 479–492. Print.