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Influence of depth and mixing regime on sedimentation in a small, fluctuating tropical soda lake

Dirk Verschuren UGent (1999) LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY. 44(4). p.1103-1113
abstract
The historical sediment record of Lake Sonachi (Kenya) was used to study the influence of lake depth and mixing regime on patterns of sedimentation in a small, fluctuating tropical soda lake. Lake Sonachi last desiccated completely in the early nineteenth century and has fluctuated between 3- and 18-m lake depth over the past 115 yr. A freeze-core of offshore sediments describes recent lake history as a succession of meromictic episodes, represented by varved or subannually laminated muds, and holomictic episodes, represented by more coarsely layered muds. Two interbedded horizons of colloidal amorphous silica dated to a period of rising lake level after a prolonged lowstand were deposited by abiogenic, pH-driven precipitation from the water column and represent the instantaneous sequestering of an estimated 63 mg liter(-1) or possibly >50% of the lake's dissolved-silica reservoir. Changes in offshore sedimentation and inferred bottom dynamics over time indicate that sediment resuspension and focusing in Lake Sonachi occur mostly during infrequent events of deep circulation between the average mud deposition boundary depth at similar to 2 m and the chemocline depth at 4-5 m; wind-driven sediment redistribution across the lake floor is important only at lake depths of less than or equal to 3 m, Dry sediment accumulation has varied between 86 and 620 g m(-2) yr(-1) over the past 175 yr, with no relationship to lake depth but, on average, lower rates during meromixis (199 +/- 90 g m(-2) yr(-1)) than during holomixis (349 +/- 152 g m(-2) yr(-1)). Net organic carbon accumulation offshore varied between 0 and 92 g m(-2) yr(-1), with no significant relationship to either lake depth or mixing regime at the time of deposition. Sedimentary organic carbon content (5.7-26.9%) is negatively correlated with bulk sediment accumulation; 73% of this variation is accounted for by the elastic dilution of sedimented planktonic algal production with low-organic littoral sediments redeposited offshore.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
journal title
LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY
Limnol. Oceanogr.
volume
44
issue
4
pages
1103 - 1113
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000082148200012
ISSN
0024-3590
DOI
10.4319/lo.1999.44.4.1103
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
113327
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-113327
date created
2004-01-14 13:35:00
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:36:46
@article{113327,
  abstract     = {The historical sediment record of Lake Sonachi (Kenya) was used to study the influence of lake depth and mixing regime on patterns of sedimentation in a small, fluctuating tropical soda lake. Lake Sonachi last desiccated completely in the early nineteenth century and has fluctuated between 3- and 18-m lake depth over the past 115 yr. A freeze-core of offshore sediments describes recent lake history as a succession of meromictic episodes, represented by varved or subannually laminated muds, and holomictic episodes, represented by more coarsely layered muds. Two interbedded horizons of colloidal amorphous silica dated to a period of rising lake level after a prolonged lowstand were deposited by abiogenic, pH-driven precipitation from the water column and represent the instantaneous sequestering of an estimated 63 mg liter(-1) or possibly {\textrangle}50\% of the lake's dissolved-silica reservoir. Changes in offshore sedimentation and inferred bottom dynamics over time indicate that sediment resuspension and focusing in Lake Sonachi occur mostly during infrequent events of deep circulation between the average mud deposition boundary depth at similar to 2 m and the chemocline depth at 4-5 m; wind-driven sediment redistribution across the lake floor is important only at lake depths of less than or equal to 3 m, Dry sediment accumulation has varied between 86 and 620 g m(-2) yr(-1) over the past 175 yr, with no relationship to lake depth but, on average, lower rates during meromixis (199 +/- 90 g m(-2) yr(-1)) than during holomixis (349 +/- 152 g m(-2) yr(-1)). Net organic carbon accumulation offshore varied between 0 and 92 g m(-2) yr(-1), with no significant relationship to either lake depth or mixing regime at the time of deposition. Sedimentary organic carbon content (5.7-26.9\%) is negatively correlated with bulk sediment accumulation; 73\% of this variation is accounted for by the elastic dilution of sedimented planktonic algal production with low-organic littoral sediments redeposited offshore.},
  author       = {Verschuren, Dirk},
  issn         = {0024-3590},
  journal      = {LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1103--1113},
  title        = {Influence of depth and mixing regime on sedimentation in a small, fluctuating tropical soda lake},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.1999.44.4.1103},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {1999},
}

Chicago
Verschuren, Dirk. 1999. “Influence of Depth and Mixing Regime on Sedimentation in a Small, Fluctuating Tropical Soda Lake.” Limnology and Oceanography 44 (4): 1103–1113.
APA
Verschuren, D. (1999). Influence of depth and mixing regime on sedimentation in a small, fluctuating tropical soda lake. LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY, 44(4), 1103–1113.
Vancouver
1.
Verschuren D. Influence of depth and mixing regime on sedimentation in a small, fluctuating tropical soda lake. LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY. 1999;44(4):1103–13.
MLA
Verschuren, Dirk. “Influence of Depth and Mixing Regime on Sedimentation in a Small, Fluctuating Tropical Soda Lake.” LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY 44.4 (1999): 1103–1113. Print.