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Investigation of pigments in medieval manuscripts by micro Raman spectroscopy and total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry

(1999) MIKROCHIMICA ACTA. 130(4). p.253-260
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Abstract
Analytical pigment investigation can reveal important information for art-historians. The use of two micro-analytical techniques, micro Raman-spectroscopy and total reflection X-ray fluorescence, is shown to be very successful. These techniques give complementary information: Raman spectroscopy allows the identification of the different materials the pigment grains consist of, and total reflection X-ray fluorescence gives the average elemental composition of the sample. The latter is helpful to distinguish between the different palettes used by different artists or workshops. Samples can be taken with cotton wool swabs (Q-tips), which cause no visible alteration to the artefact. Such a sample allows both Raman-spectroscopy and total reflection X-ray fluorescence to be applied using less than 1 mu g of material. This approach is illustrated with the pigment investigation of seven late-medieval Mercatellis manuscripts, kept in the Ghent University Library.
Keywords
manuscripts, mercatellis, total reflection X-ray fluorescence, artists' pigments, micro Raman-spectroscopy

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Chicago
Wehling, Berhard, Peter Vandenabeele, Luc Moens, Reinold Klockenkämper, Alex von Bohlen, Guido Van Hooydonk, and Martine De Reu. 1999. “Investigation of Pigments in Medieval Manuscripts by Micro Raman Spectroscopy and Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry.” Mikrochimica Acta 130 (4): 253–260.
APA
Wehling, B., Vandenabeele, P., Moens, L., Klockenkämper, R., von Bohlen, A., Van Hooydonk, G., & De Reu, M. (1999). Investigation of pigments in medieval manuscripts by micro Raman spectroscopy and total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. MIKROCHIMICA ACTA, 130(4), 253–260.
Vancouver
1.
Wehling B, Vandenabeele P, Moens L, Klockenkämper R, von Bohlen A, Van Hooydonk G, et al. Investigation of pigments in medieval manuscripts by micro Raman spectroscopy and total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. MIKROCHIMICA ACTA. 1999;130(4):253–60.
MLA
Wehling, Berhard, Peter Vandenabeele, Luc Moens, et al. “Investigation of Pigments in Medieval Manuscripts by Micro Raman Spectroscopy and Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry.” MIKROCHIMICA ACTA 130.4 (1999): 253–260. Print.
@article{112438,
  abstract     = {Analytical pigment investigation can reveal important information for art-historians. The use of two micro-analytical techniques, micro Raman-spectroscopy and total reflection X-ray fluorescence, is shown to be very successful. These techniques give complementary information: Raman spectroscopy allows the identification of the different materials the pigment grains consist of, and total reflection X-ray fluorescence gives the average elemental composition of the sample. 
The latter is helpful to distinguish between the different palettes used by different artists or workshops. Samples can be taken with cotton wool swabs (Q-tips), which cause no visible alteration to the artefact. Such a sample allows both Raman-spectroscopy and total reflection X-ray fluorescence to be applied using less than 1 mu g of material. This approach is illustrated with the pigment investigation of seven late-medieval Mercatellis manuscripts, kept in the Ghent University Library.},
  author       = {Wehling, Berhard and Vandenabeele, Peter and Moens, Luc and Klockenk{\"a}mper, Reinold and von Bohlen, Alex and Van Hooydonk, Guido and De Reu, Martine},
  issn         = {0026-3672},
  journal      = {MIKROCHIMICA ACTA},
  keyword      = {manuscripts,mercatellis,total reflection X-ray fluorescence,artists' pigments,micro Raman-spectroscopy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {253--260},
  title        = {Investigation of pigments in medieval manuscripts by micro Raman spectroscopy and total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01242913},
  volume       = {130},
  year         = {1999},
}

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