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Determination of ruthenium in photographic materials using solid sampling electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Yi Hu, Frank Vanhaecke (UGent) , Luc Moens (UGent) , Richard Dams (UGent) and Ingrid Geuens
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Abstract
Ru was determined in photographic emulsions and films using electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ETV-ICP-MS) after minimal sample pre-treatment (no separation or preconcentration required). The emulsion samples were either (i) converted into a colloidal solution by dissolution in warm water or dilute HNO3 (liquid sampling) or (ii) dried at 105 degrees C (solid sampling) prior to analysis. For the analysis of photographic films, only solid sampling, requiring no sample pre-treatment, was used. By optimization of the ETV heating programme, on-line separation of Ru (analyte) and Ir (internal standard) from the Ag matrix was accomplished: approximate to 90% of the AE present was removed prior to the vaporization of Ru and Ir. Quantification of Ru was accomplished by single standard addition, whereby Ir was used as an internal standard. The absolute limit of detection was found to be approximate to 1 pg. The results obtained showed a good agreement with those obtained by pneumatic nebulization ICP-MS and/or electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry after sample dissolution.
Keywords
ISOTOPE-DILUTION, LASER-ABLATION, TRACE IMPURITIES, ICP-MS, ELEMENTS, CADMIUM

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Chicago
Hu, Yi, Frank Vanhaecke, Luc Moens, Richard Dams, and Ingrid Geuens. 1999. “Determination of Ruthenium in Photographic Materials Using Solid Sampling Electrothermal Vaporization Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry.” Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 14 (4): 589–592.
APA
Hu, Yi, Vanhaecke, F., Moens, L., Dams, R., & Geuens, I. (1999). Determination of ruthenium in photographic materials using solid sampling electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY, 14(4), 589–592. Presented at the 8th Solid Sampling Spectrometry Colloquium.
Vancouver
1.
Hu Y, Vanhaecke F, Moens L, Dams R, Geuens I. Determination of ruthenium in photographic materials using solid sampling electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY. 1999;14(4):589–92.
MLA
Hu, Yi, Frank Vanhaecke, Luc Moens, et al. “Determination of Ruthenium in Photographic Materials Using Solid Sampling Electrothermal Vaporization Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry.” JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY 14.4 (1999): 589–592. Print.
@article{112287,
  abstract     = {Ru was determined in photographic emulsions and films using electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ETV-ICP-MS) after minimal sample pre-treatment (no separation or preconcentration required). The emulsion samples were either (i) converted into a colloidal solution by dissolution in warm water or dilute HNO3 (liquid sampling) or (ii) dried at 105 degrees C (solid sampling) prior to analysis. For the analysis of photographic films, only solid sampling, requiring no sample pre-treatment, was used. By optimization of the ETV heating programme, on-line separation of Ru (analyte) and Ir (internal standard) from the Ag matrix was accomplished: approximate to 90\% of the AE present was removed prior to the vaporization of Ru and Ir. Quantification of Ru was accomplished by single standard addition, whereby Ir was used as an internal standard. The absolute limit of detection was found to be approximate to 1 pg. The results obtained showed a good agreement with those obtained by pneumatic nebulization ICP-MS and/or electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry after sample dissolution.},
  author       = {Hu, Yi and Vanhaecke, Frank and Moens, Luc and Dams, Richard and Geuens, Ingrid},
  issn         = {0267-9477},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY},
  keyword      = {ISOTOPE-DILUTION,LASER-ABLATION,TRACE IMPURITIES,ICP-MS,ELEMENTS,CADMIUM},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Budapest, Hungary},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {589--592},
  title        = {Determination of ruthenium in photographic materials using solid sampling electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/a808751b},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {1999},
}

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