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The validity and structure of culture-level personality scores: data from ratings of young adolescents

(2010) JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY. 78(3). p.815-838
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Abstract
We examined properties of culture-level personality traits in ratings of targets (N55,109) ages 12 to 17 in 24 cultures. Aggregate scores were generalizable across gender, age, and relationship groups and showed convergence with culture-level scores from previous studies of self-reports and observer ratings of adults, but they were unrelated to national character stereotypes. Trait profiles also showed crossstudy agreement within most cultures, 8 of which had not previously been studied. Multidimensional scaling showed that Western and non-Western cultures clustered along a dimension related to Extraversion. A culturelevel factor analysis replicated earlier findings of a broad Extraversion factor but generally resembled the factor structure found in individuals. Continued analysis of aggregate personality scores is warranted.
Keywords
TRAITS, INVENTORY, BIG 5, NATIONAL CHARACTER STEREOTYPES, PROFILES, NEO-PI-3, PATTERNS, CHILDREN, GENDER, WARMTH

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Chicago
McCrae, Robert R, Antonio Terracciano, Filip De Fruyt, Marleen De Bolle, Michele J Gelfand, and Paul T Costa. 2010. “The Validity and Structure of Culture-level Personality Scores: Data from Ratings of Young Adolescents.” Journal of Personality 78 (3): 815–838.
APA
McCrae, R. R., Terracciano, A., De Fruyt, F., De Bolle, M., Gelfand, M. J., & Costa, P. T. (2010). The validity and structure of culture-level personality scores: data from ratings of young adolescents. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY, 78(3), 815–838.
Vancouver
1.
McCrae RR, Terracciano A, De Fruyt F, De Bolle M, Gelfand MJ, Costa PT. The validity and structure of culture-level personality scores: data from ratings of young adolescents. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY. 2010;78(3):815–38.
MLA
McCrae, Robert R, Antonio Terracciano, Filip De Fruyt, et al. “The Validity and Structure of Culture-level Personality Scores: Data from Ratings of Young Adolescents.” JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY 78.3 (2010): 815–838. Print.
@article{1109820,
  abstract     = {We examined properties of culture-level personality traits in ratings of targets (N55,109) ages 12 to 17 in 24 cultures. Aggregate scores were generalizable across gender, age, and relationship groups and showed convergence with culture-level scores from previous studies of self-reports and observer ratings of adults, but they were unrelated to national character stereotypes. Trait profiles also showed crossstudy agreement within most cultures, 8 of which had not previously been studied. Multidimensional scaling showed that Western and non-Western cultures clustered along a dimension related to Extraversion. A culturelevel factor analysis replicated earlier findings of a broad Extraversion factor but generally resembled the factor structure found in individuals. Continued analysis of aggregate personality scores is warranted.},
  author       = {McCrae, Robert R and Terracciano, Antonio and De Fruyt, Filip and De Bolle, Marleen and Gelfand, Michele J and Costa, Paul T},
  issn         = {0022-3506},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY},
  keyword      = {TRAITS,INVENTORY,BIG 5,NATIONAL CHARACTER STEREOTYPES,PROFILES,NEO-PI-3,PATTERNS,CHILDREN,GENDER,WARMTH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {815--838},
  title        = {The validity and structure of culture-level personality scores: data from ratings of young adolescents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00634.x},
  volume       = {78},
  year         = {2010},
}

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