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Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders: a systematic review

Nick Verhaeghe (UGent) , Jan De Maeseneer (UGent) , Lea Maes (UGent) , Cornelis Van Heeringen (UGent) and Lieven Annemans (UGent)
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Abstract
Background: There is a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in persons with severe mental disorders and this has serious implications on the short and long term health outcomes of these patients. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions targeting physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders. Special attention was given if any of the included studies in the review also examined the cost-effectiveness of these health promotion interventions. Methods: A systematic search through the electronic databases Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL and Cohrane Library was conducted, and by hand-searching the reference lists of the retrieved articles from the electronic databases. Studies were included if they examined effectiveness and/or cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions targeting physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders, with primary outcome changes in Body Mass Index and body weight. Results: Fourteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Weight loss and Body Mass Index decrease were observed in intervention groups in 11 studies. The difference in weight change between intervention and control groups was statistically significant in nine studies. Differences in mean Body Mass Index between intervention and control groups were statistically significant in eight studies. Five studies reported improvements in quality of life and general health. In none of the studies cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions was examined. Conclusion: Further research on both effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions targeting physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders is required to assist in the development of new health promotion interventions in this population.
Keywords
INDUCED WEIGHT-GAIN, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, BODY-MASS INDEX, HEALTH-PROMOTION, EXCESS MORTALITY, NUTRITIONAL INTERVENTION, SCHIZOAFFECTIVE DISORDER, ATYPICAL ANTIPSYCHOTICS, PSYCHIATRIC-PATIENTS, WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE

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Chicago
Verhaeghe, Nick, Jan De Maeseneer, Lea Maes, Cornelis Van Heeringen, and Lieven Annemans. 2011. “Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness of Lifestyle Interventions on Physical Activity and Eating Habits in Persons with Severe Mental Disorders: a Systematic Review.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 8.
APA
Verhaeghe, N., De Maeseneer, J., Maes, L., Van Heeringen, C., & Annemans, L. (2011). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders: a systematic review. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, 8.
Vancouver
1.
Verhaeghe N, De Maeseneer J, Maes L, Van Heeringen C, Annemans L. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders: a systematic review. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. 2011;8.
MLA
Verhaeghe, Nick, Jan De Maeseneer, Lea Maes, et al. “Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness of Lifestyle Interventions on Physical Activity and Eating Habits in Persons with Severe Mental Disorders: a Systematic Review.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 8 (2011): n. pag. Print.
@article{1109663,
  abstract     = {Background: There is a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in persons with severe mental disorders and this has serious implications on the short and long term health outcomes of these patients. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions targeting physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders. Special attention was given if any of the included studies in the review also examined the cost-effectiveness of these health promotion interventions.
Methods: A systematic search through the electronic databases Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL and Cohrane Library was conducted, and by hand-searching the reference lists of the retrieved articles from the electronic databases. Studies were included if they examined effectiveness and/or cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions targeting physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders, with primary outcome changes in Body Mass Index and body weight.
Results: Fourteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Weight loss and Body Mass Index decrease were observed in intervention groups in 11 studies. The difference in weight change between intervention and control groups was statistically significant in nine studies. Differences in mean Body Mass Index between intervention and control groups were statistically significant in eight studies. Five studies reported improvements in quality of life and general health. In none of the studies cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions was examined.
Conclusion: Further research on both effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions targeting physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders is required to assist in the development of new health promotion interventions in this population.},
  articleno    = {28},
  author       = {Verhaeghe, Nick and De Maeseneer, Jan and Maes, Lea and Van Heeringen, Cornelis and Annemans, Lieven},
  issn         = {1479-5868},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY},
  keywords     = {INDUCED WEIGHT-GAIN,RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL,BODY-MASS INDEX,HEALTH-PROMOTION,EXCESS MORTALITY,NUTRITIONAL INTERVENTION,SCHIZOAFFECTIVE DISORDER,ATYPICAL ANTIPSYCHOTICS,PSYCHIATRIC-PATIENTS,WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {25},
  title        = {Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders: a systematic review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-8-28},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2011},
}

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