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Three-dimensional phase separation and identification in granite

Matthieu Boone (UGent) , Jan Dewanckele (UGent) , Marijn Boone (UGent) , Veerle Cnudde (UGent) , Geert Silversmit (UGent) , Eric Van Ranst (UGent) , Patric Jacobs (UGent) , Laszlo Vincze (UGent) and Luc Van Hoorebeke (UGent)
(2011) GEOSPHERE. 7(1). p.79-86
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Abstract
Typical granite is mainly composed of quartz, plagioclase, and alkali feldspars, together with some smaller fractions of ferromagnesian phases and trace phases. The occurrence and abundance of these minerals can be determined by destructive methods, but the three-dimensional (3D) visualization of these mineral structures is very difficult. For geological samples, X-ray microcomputed tomography (mu CT) is a very powerful tool to visualize 3D structures. However, mu CT imaging is based on the X-ray linear attenuation coefficient, which depends on atomic composition, density, and X-ray energy, sometimes making it hard to identify different phases inside the sample. This problem can be overcome by combining mu CT with other techniques that provide chemical information. The combination of mu CT with micro-X-ray fluorescence (mu XRF) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) allows segmentation and identification of the different minerals at the surface of the sample. Combining this information with the 3D density model obtained through mu CT scanning of the granite allows 3D phase identification. In this paper the results of the analysis of a representative Precambrian granite by these three complementary techniques are discussed and combined with the results of more traditional techniques like thin-section petrography. Although the granite sample is shown to be very heterogeneous, correct phase identification in 3D is obtained.
Keywords
micro-CT, RAY COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, SYNCHROTRON-RADIATION, SANDSTONE, XRF, MICROTOMOGRAPHY, MICROSTRUCTURE, QUANTIFICATION, DISTRIBUTIONS, PETROGRAPHY, TEXTURES

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Chicago
Boone, Matthieu, Jan Dewanckele, Marijn Boone, Veerle Cnudde, Geert Silversmit, Eric Van Ranst, Patric Jacobs, Laszlo Vincze, and Luc Van Hoorebeke. 2011. “Three-dimensional Phase Separation and Identification in Granite.” Geosphere 7 (1): 79–86.
APA
Boone, Matthieu, Dewanckele, J., Boone, M., Cnudde, V., Silversmit, G., Van Ranst, E., Jacobs, P., et al. (2011). Three-dimensional phase separation and identification in granite. GEOSPHERE, 7(1), 79–86.
Vancouver
1.
Boone M, Dewanckele J, Boone M, Cnudde V, Silversmit G, Van Ranst E, et al. Three-dimensional phase separation and identification in granite. GEOSPHERE. GEOLOGICAL SOC AMER, INC, PO BOX 9140, BOULDER, CO 80301-9140 USA; 2011;7(1):79–86.
MLA
Boone, Matthieu, Jan Dewanckele, Marijn Boone, et al. “Three-dimensional Phase Separation and Identification in Granite.” GEOSPHERE 7.1 (2011): 79–86. Print.
@article{1106027,
  abstract     = {Typical granite is mainly composed of quartz, plagioclase, and alkali feldspars, together with some smaller fractions of ferromagnesian phases and trace phases. The occurrence and abundance of these minerals can be determined by destructive methods, but the three-dimensional (3D) visualization of these mineral structures is very difficult. For geological samples, X-ray microcomputed tomography (mu CT) is a very powerful tool to visualize 3D structures. However, mu CT imaging is based on the X-ray linear attenuation coefficient, which depends on atomic composition, density, and X-ray energy, sometimes making it hard to identify different phases inside the sample. This problem can be overcome by combining mu CT with other techniques that provide chemical information. The combination of mu CT with micro-X-ray fluorescence (mu XRF) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) allows segmentation and identification of the different minerals at the surface of the sample. Combining this information with the 3D density model obtained through mu CT scanning of the granite allows 3D phase identification.
In this paper the results of the analysis of a representative Precambrian granite by these three complementary techniques are discussed and combined with the results of more traditional techniques like thin-section petrography. Although the granite sample is shown to be very heterogeneous, correct phase identification in 3D is obtained.},
  author       = {Boone, Matthieu and Dewanckele, Jan and Boone, Marijn and Cnudde, Veerle and Silversmit, Geert and Van Ranst, Eric and Jacobs, Patric and Vincze, Laszlo and Van Hoorebeke, Luc},
  issn         = {1553-040X},
  journal      = {GEOSPHERE},
  keyword      = {micro-CT,RAY COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY,SYNCHROTRON-RADIATION,SANDSTONE,XRF,MICROTOMOGRAPHY,MICROSTRUCTURE,QUANTIFICATION,DISTRIBUTIONS,PETROGRAPHY,TEXTURES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {79--86},
  publisher    = {GEOLOGICAL SOC AMER, INC, PO BOX 9140, BOULDER, CO 80301-9140 USA},
  title        = {Three-dimensional phase separation and identification in granite},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/GES00562.1},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2011},
}

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