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Further evidence for temporal decay in working memory: reply to Lewandowsky and Oberauer (2009)

Pierre Barouillet, Sophie Portrat, Evie Vergauwe, Kevin Diependaele UGent and Valérie Camos (2011) JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION. 37(5). p.1302-1317
abstract
The sources of forgetting in working memory (WM) are a matter of intense debate: Is there a time-related decay of memory traces, or is forgetting uniquely due to representation-based interference? In a previous study, we claimed to have provided evidence supporting the temporal decay hypothesis (S. Portrat, P. Barrouillet, & V. Camos, 2008). However, reanalyzing our data, S. Lewandowsky and K. Oberauer (2009) demonstrated that they do not provide compelling evidence for temporal decay and suggested a class of alternative models favoring a representation-based interference account. In this article, we develop from the most recent proposals made by Lewandowsky and Oberauer 2 of the most plausible extensions of these alternative models. We show that neither of these extensions can account for recent findings related to between-domain WM performance and that both lead to predictions that are contradicted by new empirical evidence. Finally, we show that recent studies that have been claimed to rule out the temporal decay hypothesis do not resist close scrutiny. We conclude that the time-based resource-sharing model remains the most parsimonious way to account for forgetting and restoration of memory traces in WM.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
SERIAL-RECALL, SHORT-TERM-MEMORY, TIME, INTERFERENCE, CAPACITY, RESOURCE, MODEL, SPAN, CONSOLIDATION, PERFORMANCE, working memory, short-term memory, forgetting, temporal decay
journal title
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION
J. Exp. Psychol.-Learn. Mem. Cogn.
volume
37
issue
5
issue title
Learning, memory, and cognition
pages
1302 - 1317
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000294369900022
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
2.854 (2011)
JCR rank
18/83 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
0278-7393
DOI
10.1037/a0022933
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1096340
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1096340
date created
2011-01-10 12:45:08
date last changed
2011-10-21 10:17:28
@article{1096340,
  abstract     = {The sources of forgetting in working memory (WM) are a matter of intense debate: Is there a time-related decay of memory traces, or is forgetting uniquely due to representation-based interference? In a previous study, we claimed to have provided evidence supporting the temporal decay hypothesis (S. Portrat, P. Barrouillet, \& V. Camos, 2008). However, reanalyzing our data, S. Lewandowsky and K. Oberauer (2009) demonstrated that they do not provide compelling evidence for temporal decay and suggested a class of alternative models favoring a representation-based interference account. In this article, we develop from the most recent proposals made by Lewandowsky and Oberauer 2 of the most plausible extensions of these alternative models. We show that neither of these extensions can account for recent findings related to between-domain WM performance and that both lead to predictions that are contradicted by new empirical evidence. Finally, we show that recent studies that have been claimed to rule out the temporal decay hypothesis do not resist close scrutiny. We conclude that the time-based resource-sharing model remains the most parsimonious way to account for forgetting and restoration of memory traces in WM.},
  author       = {Barouillet, Pierre and Portrat, Sophie and Vergauwe, Evie and Diependaele, Kevin and Camos, Val{\'e}rie},
  issn         = {0278-7393},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION},
  keyword      = {SERIAL-RECALL,SHORT-TERM-MEMORY,TIME,INTERFERENCE,CAPACITY,RESOURCE,MODEL,SPAN,CONSOLIDATION,PERFORMANCE,working memory,short-term memory,forgetting,temporal decay},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1302--1317},
  title        = {Further evidence for temporal decay in working memory: reply to Lewandowsky and Oberauer (2009)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0022933},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Barouillet, Pierre, Sophie Portrat, Evie Vergauwe, Kevin Diependaele, and Valérie Camos. 2011. “Further Evidence for Temporal Decay in Working Memory: Reply to Lewandowsky and Oberauer (2009).” Journal of Experimental Psychology-learning Memory and Cognition 37 (5): 1302–1317.
APA
Barouillet, P., Portrat, S., Vergauwe, E., Diependaele, K., & Camos, V. (2011). Further evidence for temporal decay in working memory: reply to Lewandowsky and Oberauer (2009). JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION, 37(5), 1302–1317.
Vancouver
1.
Barouillet P, Portrat S, Vergauwe E, Diependaele K, Camos V. Further evidence for temporal decay in working memory: reply to Lewandowsky and Oberauer (2009). JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION. 2011;37(5):1302–17.
MLA
Barouillet, Pierre, Sophie Portrat, Evie Vergauwe, et al. “Further Evidence for Temporal Decay in Working Memory: Reply to Lewandowsky and Oberauer (2009).” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION 37.5 (2011): 1302–1317. Print.