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Une écharde dans la gorge: l'évolution de la mémoire littéraire de la guerre d'Algérie (1954-1962) dans la fiction algérienne francophone (1958-2003)

(2007)
Author
Promoter
Ieme van der Poel
Organization
Abstract
Starting point for this dissertation was that the Algerian Independence War (1954-1962), one of the most bloodiest decolonisation wars of the twentieth century, caused enormous injury in the French and Algerian collective memory. I focus on the memory of the war in francophone fiction written by French Algerian writers like Assia Djebar, Mohammed Dib, Malika Mokeddem, Rachid Boudjedra and Rachid Mimouni, but also by less known writers like Myriam Ben, Malek Haddad, Mouloud Mammeri, Maïssa Bey and Yamina Mechakra. The authors have chosen the language of the former colonizer as a writing language and show in their texts that the memories of France and Algeria are intermingled. They depend on each other and develop in time. I discus the current debate in France around History and Memory in relation to the Algerian Independence War and use the concept of “site of memory” (Nora) to trace memory in Algerian fiction. Other concepts like traumatic memory, postmemory (Hirsch), “mémoire paramnésique” (Boudjedra), « mémoire en rémanence » (Mimouni), multidirectional memory (Rothberg) and « the limits of representation » (Friedländer) enable to describe memory in francophone fiction about the Algerian Independence War. Although Algerian society suffered from an orchestrated amnesia till the eighties, French Algerian authors have written about repressed and traumatic aspects of the war. Torture, one of the taboos in French society, circulates in their fictions as an inevitable part of the war. I address this subject in two chapters: in one chapter I discuss testimony on torture written by French and Algerian witnesses like Henri Alleg and Saïd Ferdi, and in the other, I discuss the limits of representation in analyzing the way torture is represented in fiction in novels and short stories by Assia Djebar, Mohammed Dib and Myriam Ben. In analyzing the most recent novels, I show how the civil war in Algeria (1992-2001) and the Independence war are interrelated in fiction.
Keywords
the limits of representation, années sanglantes, multidirectional memory, Guerre d'Algérie, torture, mémoire littéraire, bataille d'Alger, fiction algérienne francophone

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Schyns, Désirée. 2007. “Une Écharde Dans La Gorge: L’évolution De La Mémoire Littéraire De La Guerre d'Algérie (1954-1962) Dans La Fiction Algérienne Francophone (1958-2003)”. Amsterdam, Nederland: Universiteit van Amsterdam. Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen.
APA
Schyns, D. (2007). Une écharde dans la gorge: l’évolution de la mémoire littéraire de la guerre d'Algérie (1954-1962) dans la fiction algérienne francophone (1958-2003). Universiteit van Amsterdam. Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen, Amsterdam, Nederland.
Vancouver
1.
Schyns D. Une écharde dans la gorge: l’évolution de la mémoire littéraire de la guerre d'Algérie (1954-1962) dans la fiction algérienne francophone (1958-2003). [Amsterdam, Nederland]: Universiteit van Amsterdam. Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen; 2007.
MLA
Schyns, Désirée. “Une Écharde Dans La Gorge: L’évolution De La Mémoire Littéraire De La Guerre d'Algérie (1954-1962) Dans La Fiction Algérienne Francophone (1958-2003).” 2007 : n. pag. Print.
@phdthesis{1093582,
  abstract     = {Starting point for this dissertation was that the Algerian Independence War (1954-1962), one of the most bloodiest decolonisation wars of the twentieth century, caused enormous injury in the French and Algerian collective memory. I focus on  the memory of the war in francophone fiction written by French Algerian writers like Assia Djebar, Mohammed Dib, Malika Mokeddem, Rachid Boudjedra and Rachid Mimouni, but also by less known writers like Myriam Ben, Malek Haddad, Mouloud Mammeri, Ma{\"i}ssa Bey and Yamina Mechakra. The authors have chosen the language of the former colonizer as a writing language and show in their texts that the memories of France and Algeria are intermingled. They depend on each other and develop in time. I discus the current debate in France around History and Memory in relation to the Algerian Independence War and use the concept of {\textquotedblleft}site of memory{\textquotedblright} (Nora) to trace memory in Algerian fiction. Other concepts like traumatic memory, postmemory (Hirsch), {\textquotedblleft}m{\'e}moire paramn{\'e}sique{\textquotedblright} (Boudjedra), {\guillemotleft} m{\'e}moire en r{\'e}manence {\guillemotright} (Mimouni), multidirectional memory (Rothberg) and {\guillemotleft} the limits of representation {\guillemotright} (Friedl{\"a}nder) enable to describe memory in francophone fiction about the Algerian Independence War.   Although Algerian society suffered from an orchestrated amnesia till the eighties, French Algerian authors have written about repressed and traumatic aspects of the war. Torture, one of the taboos in French society, circulates in their fictions as an inevitable part of the war. I address this subject in two chapters: in one chapter I discuss testimony on torture written by French and Algerian witnesses like Henri Alleg and Sa{\"i}d Ferdi, and in the other, I discuss the limits of representation in analyzing the way torture is represented in fiction in novels and short stories by Assia Djebar, Mohammed Dib and Myriam Ben. In analyzing the most recent novels, I show how the civil war in Algeria (1992-2001) and the Independence war are interrelated in fiction.},
  author       = {Schyns, D{\'e}sir{\'e}e},
  keyword      = {the limits of representation,ann{\'e}es sanglantes,multidirectional memory,Guerre d'Alg{\'e}rie,torture,m{\'e}moire litt{\'e}raire,bataille d'Alger,fiction alg{\'e}rienne francophone},
  language     = {fre},
  pages        = {477},
  publisher    = {Universiteit van Amsterdam. Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen},
  title        = {Une {\'e}charde dans la gorge: l'{\'e}volution de la m{\'e}moire litt{\'e}raire de la guerre d'Alg{\'e}rie (1954-1962) dans la fiction alg{\'e}rienne francophone (1958-2003)},
  url          = {http://dare.uva.nl/record/229857},
  year         = {2007},
}