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Early plant cultivation in the Central African rain forest: first millennium BC pearl millet from South Cameroon

Stefanie Kahlheber, Koen Bostoen UGent and Katharina Neumann (2009) JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ARCHAEOLOGY. 7(2). p.253-272
abstract
The Bantu expansion, a major topic in African archaeology and history, is widely assumed to correlate with the spread of farming, but archaeological data on the subsistence of these putative early Bantu speakers are very sparse. However, finds of domesticated pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) in southern Cameroonian archaeological sites, dated between 400 and 200 BC, open new perspectives on the history of agriculture in the Central African rain forest. Linguistic evidence suggests that pearl millet was part of early agricultural traditions of Bantu speakers, and has to a great extent been distributed during the course of their expansion over large parts of western Bantu-speaking Africa, possibly even originally from their homeland in the Nigerian-Cameroonian borderland. In combining archaeobotanical, palaeoenvironmental and linguistic data, we put forward the hypothesis that an agricultural system with pearl millet was brought into the rain forest during the first millennium BC, and that its spread across Central Africa coincided with the dispersal of certain Bantu language subgroups.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
agriculture, CLIMATIC CHANGES, WESTERN CAMEROON, PENNISETUM-GLAUCUM, RADIOCARBON AGE CALIBRATION, CHAD BASIN, BANTU EXPANSION, NIGERIA, EXPLOITATION, BP, Iron Age, Pennisetum glaucum, Bantu expansion, climatic change
journal title
JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ARCHAEOLOGY
J. Afr. Archaeol.
volume
7
issue
2
pages
253 - 272
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000272708800006
ISSN
1612-1651
DOI
10.3213/1612-1651-10142
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1092252
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1092252
date created
2010-12-23 13:43:33
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:46:15
@article{1092252,
  abstract     = {The Bantu expansion, a major topic in African archaeology and history, is widely assumed to correlate with the spread of farming, but archaeological data on the subsistence of these putative early Bantu speakers are very sparse. However, finds of domesticated pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) in southern Cameroonian archaeological sites, dated between 400 and 200 BC, open new perspectives on the history of agriculture in the Central African rain forest. 
Linguistic evidence suggests that pearl millet was part of early agricultural traditions of Bantu speakers, and has to a great extent been distributed during the course of their expansion over large parts of western Bantu-speaking Africa, possibly even originally from their homeland in the Nigerian-Cameroonian borderland. 
In combining archaeobotanical, palaeoenvironmental and linguistic data, we put forward the hypothesis that an agricultural system with pearl millet was brought into the rain forest during the first millennium BC, and that its spread across Central Africa coincided with the dispersal of certain Bantu language subgroups.},
  author       = {Kahlheber, Stefanie and Bostoen, Koen and Neumann, Katharina},
  issn         = {1612-1651},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ARCHAEOLOGY},
  keyword      = {agriculture,CLIMATIC CHANGES,WESTERN CAMEROON,PENNISETUM-GLAUCUM,RADIOCARBON AGE CALIBRATION,CHAD BASIN,BANTU EXPANSION,NIGERIA,EXPLOITATION,BP,Iron Age,Pennisetum glaucum,Bantu expansion,climatic change},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {253--272},
  title        = {Early plant cultivation in the Central African rain forest: first millennium BC pearl millet from South Cameroon},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3213/1612-1651-10142},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Kahlheber, Stefanie, Koen Bostoen, and Katharina Neumann. 2009. “Early Plant Cultivation in the Central African Rain Forest: First Millennium BC Pearl Millet from South Cameroon.” Journal of African Archaeology 7 (2): 253–272.
APA
Kahlheber, S., Bostoen, K., & Neumann, K. (2009). Early plant cultivation in the Central African rain forest: first millennium BC pearl millet from South Cameroon. JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ARCHAEOLOGY, 7(2), 253–272.
Vancouver
1.
Kahlheber S, Bostoen K, Neumann K. Early plant cultivation in the Central African rain forest: first millennium BC pearl millet from South Cameroon. JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ARCHAEOLOGY. 2009;7(2):253–72.
MLA
Kahlheber, Stefanie, Koen Bostoen, and Katharina Neumann. “Early Plant Cultivation in the Central African Rain Forest: First Millennium BC Pearl Millet from South Cameroon.” JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ARCHAEOLOGY 7.2 (2009): 253–272. Print.