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Former land use affects the nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations and biomass of forest herbs

Lander Baeten (UGent) , Gorik Verstraeten (UGent) , Pieter De Frenne (UGent) , Margot Vanhellemont (UGent) , Karen Wuyts (UGent) , Martin Hermy (UGent) and Kris Verheyen (UGent)
(2011) PLANT ECOLOGY. 212(5). p.901-909
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Abstract
The colonization rates of understorey plants into forests growing on former agricultural land differ remarkably among species. Different dispersal and recruitment largely account for the contrasting colonization rates, but different effects of the soil legacies of former agricultural land use on plant performance may also play a role. Seven herbaceous forest species were sampled in paired post-agricultural and ancient forest stands to study whether land-use history has an effect on the aboveground nutrient concentrations (N, P and N:P ratios) and biomass of forest herbs and, if so, whether slow and fast colonizing species respond differently. Results showed that P concentrations were significantly affected by former land use with higher concentrations in the post-agricultural stands. N concentrations were unaffected and N:P ratios were significantly higher in the ancient stands. Nutrient concentrations varied considerably among species, but the variation was unrelated to their colonization capacity. Six out of the seven species had higher biomass in the post-agricultural stands relative to the ancient stands, and the degree to which the species increased biomass was positively related to their colonization capacity, i.e., the fast colonizing species showed the strongest increase. Such differential responses to past land use may contribute to the contrasting colonization capacity of forest plants. Land-use history thus affected both the nutrient concentrations and biomass of forest herbs, and only the biomass response was related to colonization capacity.
Keywords
post-agricultural forest, N:P ratio, colonization, secondary succession, phosphorus, introduction experiment, plant performance, USE HISTORY, PLANT PERFORMANCE, GROWTH, COLONIZATION, BIODIVERSITY, ANCIENT, COMMUNITIES, RECRUITMENT, LIMITATION

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Citation

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Chicago
Baeten, Lander, Gorik Verstraeten, Pieter De Frenne, Margot Vanhellemont, Karen Wuyts, Martin Hermy, and Kris Verheyen. 2011. “Former Land Use Affects the Nitrogen and Phosphorus Concentrations and Biomass of Forest Herbs.” Plant Ecology 212 (5): 901–909.
APA
Baeten, L., Verstraeten, G., De Frenne, P., Vanhellemont, M., Wuyts, K., Hermy, M., & Verheyen, K. (2011). Former land use affects the nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations and biomass of forest herbs. PLANT ECOLOGY, 212(5), 901–909.
Vancouver
1.
Baeten L, Verstraeten G, De Frenne P, Vanhellemont M, Wuyts K, Hermy M, et al. Former land use affects the nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations and biomass of forest herbs. PLANT ECOLOGY. 2011;212(5):901–9.
MLA
Baeten, Lander, Gorik Verstraeten, Pieter De Frenne, et al. “Former Land Use Affects the Nitrogen and Phosphorus Concentrations and Biomass of Forest Herbs.” PLANT ECOLOGY 212.5 (2011): 901–909. Print.
@article{1090775,
  abstract     = {The colonization rates of understorey plants into forests growing on former agricultural land differ remarkably among species. Different dispersal and recruitment largely account for the contrasting colonization rates, but different effects of the soil legacies of former agricultural land use on plant performance may also play a role. Seven herbaceous forest species were sampled in paired post-agricultural and ancient forest stands to study whether land-use history has an effect on the aboveground nutrient concentrations (N, P and N:P ratios) and biomass of forest herbs and, if so, whether slow and fast colonizing species respond differently. Results showed that P concentrations were significantly affected by former land use with higher concentrations in the post-agricultural stands. N concentrations were unaffected and N:P ratios were significantly higher in the ancient stands. Nutrient concentrations varied considerably among species, but the variation was unrelated to their colonization capacity. Six out of the seven species had higher biomass in the post-agricultural stands relative to the ancient stands, and the degree to which the species increased biomass was positively related to their colonization capacity, i.e., the fast colonizing species showed the strongest increase. Such differential responses to past land use may contribute to the contrasting colonization capacity of forest plants. Land-use history thus affected both the nutrient concentrations and biomass of forest herbs, and only the biomass response was related to colonization capacity.},
  author       = {Baeten, Lander and Verstraeten, Gorik and De Frenne, Pieter and Vanhellemont, Margot and Wuyts, Karen and Hermy, Martin and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {1385-0237},
  journal      = {PLANT ECOLOGY},
  keyword      = {post-agricultural forest,N:P ratio,colonization,secondary succession,phosphorus,introduction experiment,plant performance,USE HISTORY,PLANT PERFORMANCE,GROWTH,COLONIZATION,BIODIVERSITY,ANCIENT,COMMUNITIES,RECRUITMENT,LIMITATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {901--909},
  title        = {Former land use affects the nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations and biomass of forest herbs},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11258-010-9876-9},
  volume       = {212},
  year         = {2011},
}

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