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Biotechnological tools to study and improve inulin content in chicory (Cichorium intybus)

Asad Maroufi (UGent)
(2010)
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Abstract
Chicory is the most extensively studied species used for inulin production. Inulin is a fructan, mainly plant origin that occurs in the Asteracea family. Inulin has many applications in food and non-food producs. At the present time, the only commercially available fructan is inulin produced from chicory. The applicability of inulin in processing depends on the chain length of the molecule. In order to improve inulin yield and the inulin chain length, root chicory has been the subject of intensive selection and breeding work over the last 40 years. Most of that research has taken place at the Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries research (ILVO, formerly CLO) in Belgium. Conventional breeding has played a significant role in the improvement of root chicory. But progress is slow due to several barriers, such as the time-consuming selection process and difficulties in selection of suitable genotypes because of the quantitative mechanism of most agronomic traits, e.g., root yield. Since the new biotechnological techniques have been successfully applied in the plant breeding process of important crops such as rice, maize, soya, tomato, potato etc., it is also useful to evaluate the possible application of these tools in root chicory breeding. In this direction, some of the new available biotechnological methods, e.g., real-time PCR, tissue culture and gene modification and gene transformation, were studied and applied in root chicory. Each chapter in this thesis describes one of these aspects.
Keywords
gene silencing, gene expression, Chicory, inulin, real-time PCR, fructan exohydrolase

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Citation

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Chicago
Maroufi, Asad. 2010. “Biotechnological Tools to Study and Improve Inulin Content in Chicory (Cichorium Intybus)”. Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering.
APA
Maroufi, Asad. (2010). Biotechnological tools to study and improve inulin content in chicory (Cichorium intybus). Ghent University. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent, Belgium.
Vancouver
1.
Maroufi A. Biotechnological tools to study and improve inulin content in chicory (Cichorium intybus). [Ghent, Belgium]: Ghent University. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering; 2010.
MLA
Maroufi, Asad. “Biotechnological Tools to Study and Improve Inulin Content in Chicory (Cichorium Intybus).” 2010 : n. pag. Print.
@phdthesis{1088721,
  abstract     = {Chicory is the most extensively studied species used for inulin production. Inulin is a fructan, mainly plant origin that occurs in the Asteracea family. Inulin has many applications in food and non-food producs. At the present time, the only commercially available fructan is inulin produced from chicory. The applicability of inulin in processing depends on the chain length of the molecule. In order to improve inulin yield and the inulin chain length, root chicory has been the subject of intensive selection and breeding work over the last 40 years. Most of that research has taken place at the Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries research (ILVO, formerly CLO) in Belgium. Conventional breeding has played a significant role in the improvement of root chicory. But progress is slow due to several barriers, such as the time-consuming selection process and difficulties in selection of suitable genotypes because of the quantitative mechanism of most agronomic traits, e.g., root yield. Since the new biotechnological techniques have been successfully applied in the plant breeding process of important crops such as rice, maize, soya, tomato, potato etc., it is also useful to evaluate the possible application of these tools in root chicory breeding. In this direction, some of the new available biotechnological methods, e.g., real-time PCR, tissue culture and gene modification and gene transformation, were studied and applied in root chicory. Each chapter in this thesis describes one of these aspects.},
  author       = {Maroufi, Asad},
  isbn         = {9789059894150},
  keyword      = {gene silencing,gene expression,Chicory,inulin,real-time PCR,fructan exohydrolase},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {VIII, 170},
  publisher    = {Ghent University. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering},
  school       = {Ghent University},
  title        = {Biotechnological tools to study and improve inulin content in chicory (Cichorium intybus)},
  year         = {2010},
}