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Cross-linguistic activation in bilingual sentence processing: the role of word class meaning

Kristof Baten (UGent) , Fabrice Hofman (UGent) and Tom Loeys (UGent)
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Organization
Abstract
This study investigates how categorial (word class) semantics influences cross-linguistic interactions when reading in L2. Previous homograph studies paid little attention to the possible influence of different word classes in the stimulus material on cross-linguistic activation. The present study examines the word recognition performance of Dutch-English bilinguals who performed a lexical decision task to word targets appearing in a sentence. To determine the influence of word class meaning, the critical words either showed a word class overlap (e. g. the homograph tree [ noun], which means "step" in Dutch) or not (e.g. big [ADJ], which is a noun in Dutch meaning "piglet"). In the condition of word class overlap, a facilitation effect was observed, suggesting that both languages were active. When there was no word class overlap, the facilitation effect disappeared. This result suggests that categorial meaning affects the word recognition process of bilinguals.
Keywords
INTERLEXICAL HOMOGRAPHS, LEXICAL ACCESS, INTERLINGUAL HOMOGRAPHS, CONTEXT, RECOGNITION, LANGUAGE, L2, PROFICIENCY, TRANSLATION, DECISION, sentence processing, visual word recognition, semantic constraint, word class

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Citation

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MLA
Baten, Kristof, et al. “Cross-Linguistic Activation in Bilingual Sentence Processing: The Role of Word Class Meaning.” BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION, vol. 14, no. 3, 2011, pp. 351–59, doi:10.1017/S1366728910000246.
APA
Baten, K., Hofman, F., & Loeys, T. (2011). Cross-linguistic activation in bilingual sentence processing: the role of word class meaning. BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION, 14(3), 351–359. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728910000246
Chicago author-date
Baten, Kristof, Fabrice Hofman, and Tom Loeys. 2011. “Cross-Linguistic Activation in Bilingual Sentence Processing: The Role of Word Class Meaning.” BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION 14 (3): 351–59. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728910000246.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Baten, Kristof, Fabrice Hofman, and Tom Loeys. 2011. “Cross-Linguistic Activation in Bilingual Sentence Processing: The Role of Word Class Meaning.” BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION 14 (3): 351–359. doi:10.1017/S1366728910000246.
Vancouver
1.
Baten K, Hofman F, Loeys T. Cross-linguistic activation in bilingual sentence processing: the role of word class meaning. BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION. 2011;14(3):351–9.
IEEE
[1]
K. Baten, F. Hofman, and T. Loeys, “Cross-linguistic activation in bilingual sentence processing: the role of word class meaning,” BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 351–359, 2011.
@article{1086959,
  abstract     = {{This study investigates how categorial (word class) semantics influences cross-linguistic interactions when reading in L2. Previous homograph studies paid little attention to the possible influence of different word classes in the stimulus material on cross-linguistic activation. The present study examines the word recognition performance of Dutch-English bilinguals who performed a lexical decision task to word targets appearing in a sentence. To determine the influence of word class meaning, the critical words either showed a word class overlap (e. g. the homograph tree [ noun], which means "step" in Dutch) or not (e.g. big [ADJ], which is a noun in Dutch meaning "piglet"). In the condition of word class overlap, a facilitation effect was observed, suggesting that both languages were active. When there was no word class overlap, the facilitation effect disappeared. This result suggests that categorial meaning affects the word recognition process of bilinguals.}},
  author       = {{Baten, Kristof and Hofman, Fabrice and Loeys, Tom}},
  issn         = {{1366-7289}},
  journal      = {{BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION}},
  keywords     = {{INTERLEXICAL HOMOGRAPHS,LEXICAL ACCESS,INTERLINGUAL HOMOGRAPHS,CONTEXT,RECOGNITION,LANGUAGE,L2,PROFICIENCY,TRANSLATION,DECISION,sentence processing,visual word recognition,semantic constraint,word class}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{351--359}},
  title        = {{Cross-linguistic activation in bilingual sentence processing: the role of word class meaning}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1366728910000246}},
  volume       = {{14}},
  year         = {{2011}},
}

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