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Interregional variation in the floristic recovery of post-agricultural forests

Pieter De Frenne UGent, Lander Baeten UGent, Bente J Graae, Jörg Brunet, Monika Wulf, Anna Orczewska, Annette Kolb, Ivy Jansen, Aurélien Jamoneau and Hans Jacquemyn, et al. (2011) JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY. 99(2). p.600-609
abstract
1. Worldwide, the floristic composition of temperate forests bears the imprint of past land use for decades to centuries as forests regrow on agricultural land. Many species, however, display significant interregional variation in their ability to (re)colonize post-agricultural forests. This variation in colonization across regions and the underlying factors remain largely unexplored. 2. We compiled data on 90 species and 812 species x study combinations from 18 studies across Europe that determined species' distribution patterns in ancient (i.e. continuously forested since the first available land use maps) and post-agricultural forests. The recovery rate (RR) of species in each landscape was quantified as the log-response ratio of the percentage occurrence in post-agricultural over ancient forest and related to the species-specific life-history traits and local (soil characteristics and light availability) and regional factors (landscape properties as habitat availability, time available for colonization, and climate). 3. For the herb species, we demonstrate a strong (interactive) effect of species' life-history traits and forest habitat availability on the RR of post-agricultural forest. In graminoids, however, none of the investigated variables were significantly related to the RR. 4. The better colonizing species that mainly belonged to the short-lived herbs group showed the largest interregional variability. Their recovery significantly increased with the amount of forest habitat within the landscape, whereas, surprisingly, the time available for colonization, climate, soil characteristics and light availability had no effect. 5. Synthesis. By analysing 18 independent studies across Europe, we clearly showed for the first time on a continental scale that the recovery of short-lived forest herbs increased with the forest habitat availability in the landscape. Small perennial forest herbs, however, were generally unsuccessful in colonizing post-agricultural forest even in relatively densely forested landscapes. Hence, our results stress the need to avoid ancient forest clearance to preserve the typical woodland flora.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
colonization capacity, ancient forest, forest herbs, functional traits, habitat fragmentation, habitat loss, life-history traits, meta-analysis, plant population and community dynamics, secondary succession, PAST LAND-USE, ANCIENT WOODLAND, HABITAT CONFIGURATION, SPECIES RICHNESS, LANDSCAPE SCALE, PLANT DIVERSITY, USE HISTORY, FRAGMENTATION, COLONIZATION, VEGETATION
journal title
JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY
J. Ecol.
volume
99
issue
2
pages
600 - 609
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000287785300026
JCR category
PLANT SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
5.044 (2011)
JCR rank
13/189 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
0022-0477
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01768.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1083838
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1083838
date created
2010-12-06 17:43:47
date last changed
2011-05-18 14:05:37
@article{1083838,
  abstract     = {1. Worldwide, the floristic composition of temperate forests bears the imprint of past land use for decades to centuries as forests regrow on agricultural land. Many species, however, display significant interregional variation in their ability to (re)colonize post-agricultural forests. This variation in colonization across regions and the underlying factors remain largely unexplored.
2. We compiled data on 90 species and 812 species x study combinations from 18 studies across Europe that determined species' distribution patterns in ancient (i.e. continuously forested since the first available land use maps) and post-agricultural forests. The recovery rate (RR) of species in each landscape was quantified as the log-response ratio of the percentage occurrence in post-agricultural over ancient forest and related to the species-specific life-history traits and local (soil characteristics and light availability) and regional factors (landscape properties as habitat availability, time available for colonization, and climate).
3. For the herb species, we demonstrate a strong (interactive) effect of species' life-history traits and forest habitat availability on the RR of post-agricultural forest. In graminoids, however, none of the investigated variables were significantly related to the RR.
4. The better colonizing species that mainly belonged to the short-lived herbs group showed the largest interregional variability. Their recovery significantly increased with the amount of forest habitat within the landscape, whereas, surprisingly, the time available for colonization, climate, soil characteristics and light availability had no effect.
5. Synthesis. By analysing 18 independent studies across Europe, we clearly showed for the first time on a continental scale that the recovery of short-lived forest herbs increased with the forest habitat availability in the landscape. Small perennial forest herbs, however, were generally unsuccessful in colonizing post-agricultural forest even in relatively densely forested landscapes. Hence, our results stress the need to avoid ancient forest clearance to preserve the typical woodland flora.},
  author       = {De Frenne, Pieter and Baeten, Lander and Graae, Bente J and Brunet, J{\"o}rg and Wulf, Monika and Orczewska, Anna and Kolb, Annette and Jansen, Ivy and Jamoneau, Aur{\'e}lien and Jacquemyn, Hans and Hermy, Martin and Diekmann, Martin and De Schrijver, An and De Sanctis, Michele and Decocq, Guillaume and Cousins, Sara AO and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {0022-0477},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY},
  keyword      = {colonization capacity,ancient forest,forest herbs,functional traits,habitat fragmentation,habitat loss,life-history traits,meta-analysis,plant population and community dynamics,secondary succession,PAST LAND-USE,ANCIENT WOODLAND,HABITAT CONFIGURATION,SPECIES RICHNESS,LANDSCAPE SCALE,PLANT DIVERSITY,USE HISTORY,FRAGMENTATION,COLONIZATION,VEGETATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {600--609},
  title        = {Interregional variation in the floristic recovery of post-agricultural forests},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01768.x},
  volume       = {99},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
De Frenne, Pieter, Lander Baeten, Bente J Graae, Jörg Brunet, Monika Wulf, Anna Orczewska, Annette Kolb, et al. 2011. “Interregional Variation in the Floristic Recovery of Post-agricultural Forests.” Journal of Ecology 99 (2): 600–609.
APA
De Frenne, P., Baeten, L., Graae, B. J., Brunet, J., Wulf, M., Orczewska, A., Kolb, A., et al. (2011). Interregional variation in the floristic recovery of post-agricultural forests. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, 99(2), 600–609.
Vancouver
1.
De Frenne P, Baeten L, Graae BJ, Brunet J, Wulf M, Orczewska A, et al. Interregional variation in the floristic recovery of post-agricultural forests. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY. 2011;99(2):600–9.
MLA
De Frenne, Pieter, Lander Baeten, Bente J Graae, et al. “Interregional Variation in the Floristic Recovery of Post-agricultural Forests.” JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY 99.2 (2011): 600–609. Print.