Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) in Europe

Wim Wesemael UGent, Nicole Viaene UGent and Maurice Moens UGent (2011) NEMATOLOGY. 13(1). p.3-16
abstract
In Europe, root-knot nematodes are increasingly important. Out of more than 90 Meloidogyne species currently described, 23 have been found on the continent. In the cooler climates, Meloidogyne hapla, M. naasi, M. chitwoodi and M. fallax are prevalent. Meloidogyne arenaria, M. javanica and M. incognita are the most common species in warmer conditions of southern Europe, but also in glasshouses in northern Europe. Morphological identification of root-knot nematodes is difficult and time consuming; therefore, many research groups have been developing molecular techniques for identification of Meloidogyne species. Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax are quarantine organisms and subject to regulations, and the highly aggressive M. enterolobii has been added to the EPPO alert list. Differences between temperate and tropical Meloidogyne species and their prevalence in Europe imply the need for different management strategies in south and north Europe. Possible crop rotations for the control of root-knot nematodes are limited due to the wide host range of several important species. The banning of methyl bromide and restrictions on other fumigant pesticides in the EU have increased the application of biofumigation significantly in south Europe. The egg-parasitising fungus Paecilomyces lilacinus is commercialised in Germany and applied as dispersible granules for application in water. Intensive research is conducted on the eggparasitising fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia, and the obligate parasitic bacterium Pasteuria penetrans. European research has paid much attention to resistance breeding and selection. The Mi gene of tomato is widely used but resistance-breaking populations of M. incognita and M. javanica have been reported in different countries.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
PRATYLENCHUS-PENETRANS, M-FALLAX, N.-SP NEMATODA, BIOLOGICAL-CONTROL, BEAN PHASEOLUS-VULGARIS, ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI, HOST-PARASITE RELATIONSHIPS, identification, physical control, impact, biological control, cultural management, chemical control, ORGANIC SOIL, POCHONIA-CHLAMYDOSPORIA, PASTEURIA-PENETRANS
journal title
NEMATOLOGY
Nematology
volume
13
issue
1
pages
3 - 16
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000287942100002
JCR category
ZOOLOGY
JCR impact factor
0.911 (2011)
JCR rank
86/146 (2011)
JCR quartile
3 (2011)
ISSN
1388-5545
DOI
10.1163/138855410X526831
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1081548
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1081548
date created
2010-12-02 13:52:42
date last changed
2013-05-30 10:55:53
@article{1081548,
  abstract     = {In Europe, root-knot nematodes are increasingly important. Out of more than 90 Meloidogyne species currently described, 23 have been found on the continent. In the cooler climates, Meloidogyne hapla, M. naasi, M. chitwoodi and M. fallax are prevalent. Meloidogyne arenaria, M. javanica and M. incognita are the most common species in warmer conditions of southern Europe, but also in glasshouses in northern Europe. Morphological identification of root-knot nematodes is difficult and time consuming; therefore, many research groups have been developing molecular techniques for identification of Meloidogyne species. Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax are quarantine organisms and subject to regulations, and the highly aggressive M. enterolobii has been added to the EPPO alert list. Differences between temperate and tropical Meloidogyne species and their prevalence in Europe imply the need for different management strategies in south and north Europe. Possible crop rotations for the control of root-knot nematodes are limited due to the wide host range of several important species. The banning of methyl bromide and restrictions on other fumigant pesticides in the EU have increased the application of biofumigation significantly in south Europe. The egg-parasitising fungus Paecilomyces lilacinus is commercialised in Germany and applied as dispersible granules for application in water. Intensive research is conducted on the eggparasitising fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia, and the obligate parasitic bacterium Pasteuria penetrans. European research has paid much attention to resistance breeding and selection. The Mi gene of tomato is widely used but resistance-breaking populations of M. incognita and M. javanica have been reported in different countries.},
  author       = {Wesemael, Wim and Viaene, Nicole and Moens, Maurice},
  issn         = {1388-5545},
  journal      = {NEMATOLOGY},
  keyword      = {PRATYLENCHUS-PENETRANS,M-FALLAX,N.-SP NEMATODA,BIOLOGICAL-CONTROL,BEAN PHASEOLUS-VULGARIS,ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI,HOST-PARASITE RELATIONSHIPS,identification,physical control,impact,biological control,cultural management,chemical control,ORGANIC SOIL,POCHONIA-CHLAMYDOSPORIA,PASTEURIA-PENETRANS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {3--16},
  title        = {Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) in Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/138855410X526831},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Wesemael, Wim, Nicole Viaene, and Maurice Moens. 2011. “Root-knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne Spp.) in Europe.” Nematology 13 (1): 3–16.
APA
Wesemael, W., Viaene, N., & Moens, M. (2011). Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) in Europe. NEMATOLOGY, 13(1), 3–16.
Vancouver
1.
Wesemael W, Viaene N, Moens M. Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) in Europe. NEMATOLOGY. 2011;13(1):3–16.
MLA
Wesemael, Wim, Nicole Viaene, and Maurice Moens. “Root-knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne Spp.) in Europe.” NEMATOLOGY 13.1 (2011): 3–16. Print.