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Integrated risk assessment of selected mycotoxins in fresh produce and derived food products throughout the food chain, affected by climate changes and globalization

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VEG-i-TRADE
Abstract
Fruits and vegetables are an import part of a healthy diet, and their consumption is expected to increase in the future because of health promotion. However, climate change and globalization will have an effect on their food safety (Paterson and Lima 2010). In order to maintain the desired level of food safety in Europe, it is necessary to explore new food contamination pathways and approaches to deal with these projected changes. An imported food safety problem is the presence of fungi and mycotoxins. (Semi) dried plants are mainly associated with mycotoxins but recently fresh produce are associated with new emerging mycotoxins. The objective of the research is to develop a farm-to-fork risk assessment model to predict the mycotoxin concentration in fresh and derived products in order to predict future risks due to climate change and growing import of foods from third countries. A first task consists of collecting data of mycotoxin concentration on dried plant, fresh and derived products. This will be done in cooperation with ICPC partners (e.g. Egypt, Brazil, India) and will be extended with European and national data. An initial inventory will be made of relevant moulds and mycotoxins which occur on fresh produce and derived food products by screening with a LC/MS method developed by Monbaliu et al. (2009). We will probably focus on tomatoes, bell peppers and soft red fruits. A risk prioritization will be made based on the mycotoxin concentrations found in the screening, their toxicological data and consumption pattern of the associated produce. The growth of mould and the production of mycotoxin will be studied as function of some important parameters (e.g. time, temperature, O2 availability, presence of natural antimicrobial agents) by analyzing the whole production chain. The stability of the selected mycotoxins through the processing of the fresh products into derived products will be evaluated. Attention will be given to masked mycotoxins in some matrices. Different socio-economic and climate change scenarios will be applied to estimate the effect on the mould growth and production of mycotoxin. This will result in an assessment of current and future stability of the selected mycotoxins on fresh produce. All this information will be integrated in order to develop a farm-to-fork risk assessment model for the selected cases. In this way different mycotoxins related to different plant products can be evaluated through different scenarios. Also a probabilistic risk assessment will be conducted using the data of mycotoxin concentration on dried plant products and fresh produce and their derived products. The output will be used to develop different scenarios to measure the impact on mycotoxin exposure due to trade and import from third countries and to feed the discussion on the food sovereignty. Reference List Monbaliu, S., Van Poucke, C., Van Peteghem, C., Van Poucke, K., Heungens, K. and De Saeger, S. (2009) Development of a multi-mycotoxin liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method for sweet pepper analysis. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 23, 3-11. Paterson, R.R. and Lima, N. (2010) How will climate change affect mycotoxins in food? Food Research International 43, 902-1914.
Keywords
climate change, mycotoxins, globalisation, fresh produce, fruit, vegetables

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Citation

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Chicago
Van de Perre, Evelien, Liesbeth Jacxsens, and Bruno De Meulenaer. 2010. “Integrated Risk Assessment of Selected Mycotoxins in Fresh Produce and Derived Food Products Throughout the Food Chain, Affected by Climate Changes and Globalization.” In World Mycotoxin Forum, 6th Conference, Abstracts, 201–201.
APA
Van de Perre, E., Jacxsens, L., & De Meulenaer, B. (2010). Integrated risk assessment of selected mycotoxins in fresh produce and derived food products throughout the food chain, affected by climate changes and globalization. World mycotoxin forum, 6th conference, Abstracts (pp. 201–201). Presented at the 6th Conference of the World Mycotoxin Forum.
Vancouver
1.
Van de Perre E, Jacxsens L, De Meulenaer B. Integrated risk assessment of selected mycotoxins in fresh produce and derived food products throughout the food chain, affected by climate changes and globalization. World mycotoxin forum, 6th conference, Abstracts. 2010. p. 201–201.
MLA
Van de Perre, Evelien, Liesbeth Jacxsens, and Bruno De Meulenaer. “Integrated Risk Assessment of Selected Mycotoxins in Fresh Produce and Derived Food Products Throughout the Food Chain, Affected by Climate Changes and Globalization.” World Mycotoxin Forum, 6th Conference, Abstracts. 2010. 201–201. Print.
@inproceedings{1081054,
  abstract     = {Fruits and vegetables are an import part of a healthy diet, and their consumption is expected to increase in the future because of health promotion. However, climate change and globalization will have an effect on their food safety (Paterson and Lima 2010). In order to maintain the desired level of food safety in Europe, it is necessary to explore new food contamination pathways and approaches to deal with these projected changes. An imported food safety problem is the presence of fungi and mycotoxins.  (Semi) dried plants are mainly associated with mycotoxins but recently fresh produce are associated with new emerging mycotoxins. The objective of the research is to develop a farm-to-fork risk assessment model to predict the mycotoxin concentration in fresh and derived products in order to predict future risks due to climate change and growing import of foods from third countries. A first task consists of collecting data of mycotoxin concentration on dried plant, fresh and derived products. This will be done in cooperation with ICPC partners (e.g. Egypt, Brazil, India) and will be extended with European and national data. An initial inventory will be made of relevant moulds and mycotoxins which occur on fresh produce and derived food products by screening with a LC/MS method developed by Monbaliu et al. (2009). We will probably focus on tomatoes, bell peppers and soft red fruits. A risk prioritization will be made based on the mycotoxin concentrations found in the screening, their toxicological data and consumption pattern of the associated produce. The growth of mould and the production of mycotoxin will be studied as function of some important parameters (e.g. time, temperature, O2 availability, presence of natural antimicrobial agents) by analyzing the whole production chain. The stability of the selected mycotoxins through the processing of the fresh products into derived products will be evaluated. Attention will be given to masked mycotoxins in some matrices. Different socio-economic and climate change scenarios will be applied to estimate the effect on the mould growth and production of mycotoxin. This will result in an assessment of current and future stability of the selected mycotoxins on fresh produce. All this information will be integrated in order to develop a farm-to-fork risk assessment model for the selected cases. In this way different mycotoxins related to different plant products can be evaluated through different scenarios. Also a probabilistic risk assessment will be conducted using the data of mycotoxin concentration on dried plant products and fresh produce and their derived products. The output will be used to develop different scenarios to measure the impact on mycotoxin exposure due to trade and import from third countries and to feed the discussion on the food sovereignty. Reference List Monbaliu, S., Van Poucke, C., Van Peteghem, C., Van Poucke, K., Heungens, K. and De Saeger, S. (2009) Development of a multi-mycotoxin liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method for sweet pepper analysis. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 23, 3-11. Paterson, R.R. and Lima, N. (2010) How will climate change affect mycotoxins in food? Food Research International 43, 902-1914.},
  author       = {Van de Perre, Evelien and Jacxsens, Liesbeth and De Meulenaer, Bruno},
  booktitle    = {World mycotoxin forum, 6th conference, Abstracts},
  keyword      = {climate change,mycotoxins,globalisation,fresh produce,fruit,vegetables},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands},
  pages        = {201--201},
  title        = {Integrated risk assessment of selected mycotoxins in fresh produce and derived food products throughout the food chain, affected by climate changes and globalization},
  year         = {2010},
}