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Depressive symptoms among immigrants and ethnic minorities: a population based study in 23 European countries

Sarah Missinne UGent and Piet Bracke UGent (2012) SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY. 47(1). p.97-109
abstract
European studies about ethnic inequalities in depressive symptoms are scarce, show inconclusive results and are complicated by the discussion of what constitute (im)migrant and ethnic minority groups. Moreover, comparisons across countries are hampered by a lack of comparable measures of depressive symptoms. This study aims to assess the prevalence and determinants of depressive symptoms among immigrants, ethnic minorities and natives in 23 European countries. Multilevel analyses are performed using data from the third wave of the European Social Survey (ESS-3). This dataset comprises information about 36,970 respondents, aged 21 years or older, of whom 13.3% immigrants and 6.2% ethnic minorities. Depressive symptoms were assessed with an 8-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale. Main determinants are immigrant status, socio-economic conditions and the experience of ethnic discrimination in the host country. The results show that immigrants and ethnic minorities do experience more depressive symptoms than natives in an essential part of the countries. Moreover, socio-economic conditions and the experience of ethnic discrimination are important risk factors. Immigrant status seems irrelevant, once the other risk factors are accounted for. Finally, immigrant and ethnic minority groups do not consist of the same individuals and therefore have different prevalence rates of depressive symptoms. The prevalence rates of depressive symptoms are higher for immigrant and ethnic minority groups in a substantial part of the European countries. A clear definition is indispensable for developing policies that address the right-targeted population.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
MENTAL-HEALTH, SCALE CES-D, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS, GENERAL-POPULATION, RACIAL-DISCRIMINATION, MEXICAN-AMERICANS, RISK-FACTORS, PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS, LIFETIME PREVALENCE, ANXIETY DISORDERS, Depressive symptoms, Immigrants, Ethnic minorities, Europe, Ethnic discrimination
journal title
SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY
Soc. Psychiatry Psychiatr. Epidemiol.
volume
47
issue
1
pages
97 - 109
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000298755800010
JCR category
PSYCHIATRY
JCR impact factor
2.861 (2012)
JCR rank
50/135 (2012)
JCR quartile
2 (2012)
ISSN
0933-7954
DOI
10.1007/s00127-010-0321-0
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1080770
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1080770
date created
2010-11-30 10:05:48
date last changed
2012-03-20 10:43:25
@article{1080770,
  abstract     = {European studies about ethnic inequalities in depressive symptoms are scarce, show inconclusive results and are complicated by the discussion of what constitute (im)migrant and ethnic minority groups. Moreover, comparisons across countries are hampered by a lack of comparable measures of depressive symptoms. This study aims to assess the prevalence and determinants of depressive symptoms among immigrants, ethnic minorities and natives in 23 European countries. Multilevel analyses are performed using data from the third wave of the European Social Survey (ESS-3). This dataset comprises information about 36,970 respondents, aged 21 years or older, of whom 13.3\% immigrants and 6.2\% ethnic minorities. Depressive symptoms were assessed with an 8-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale. Main determinants are immigrant status, socio-economic conditions and the experience of ethnic discrimination in the host country. The results show that immigrants and ethnic minorities do experience more depressive symptoms than natives in an essential part of the countries. Moreover, socio-economic conditions and the experience of ethnic discrimination are important risk factors. Immigrant status seems irrelevant, once the other risk factors are accounted for. Finally, immigrant and ethnic minority groups do not consist of the same individuals and therefore have different prevalence rates of depressive symptoms. The prevalence rates of depressive symptoms are higher for immigrant and ethnic minority groups in a substantial part of the European countries. A clear definition is indispensable for developing policies that address the right-targeted population.},
  author       = {Missinne, Sarah and Bracke, Piet},
  issn         = {0933-7954},
  journal      = {SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY},
  keyword      = {MENTAL-HEALTH,SCALE CES-D,PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS,GENERAL-POPULATION,RACIAL-DISCRIMINATION,MEXICAN-AMERICANS,RISK-FACTORS,PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS,LIFETIME PREVALENCE,ANXIETY DISORDERS,Depressive symptoms,Immigrants,Ethnic minorities,Europe,Ethnic discrimination},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {97--109},
  title        = {Depressive symptoms among immigrants and ethnic minorities: a population based study in 23 European countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-010-0321-0},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Missinne, Sarah, and Piet Bracke. 2012. “Depressive Symptoms Among Immigrants and Ethnic Minorities: a Population Based Study in 23 European Countries.” Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 47 (1): 97–109.
APA
Missinne, S., & Bracke, P. (2012). Depressive symptoms among immigrants and ethnic minorities: a population based study in 23 European countries. SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY, 47(1), 97–109.
Vancouver
1.
Missinne S, Bracke P. Depressive symptoms among immigrants and ethnic minorities: a population based study in 23 European countries. SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY. 2012;47(1):97–109.
MLA
Missinne, Sarah, and Piet Bracke. “Depressive Symptoms Among Immigrants and Ethnic Minorities: a Population Based Study in 23 European Countries.” SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY 47.1 (2012): 97–109. Print.