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On the way of integrating evacuation approaches

Ann Vanclooster UGent, Philippe De Maeyer UGent and Veerle Fack UGent (2010) INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF PHOTOGRAMMETRY, REMOTE SENSING AND SPATIAL INFORMATION SCIENCES. 38(4 / W15). p.169-172
abstract
With the growing pressure on available urban space and the construction of more and more complex building infrastructures, the navigational task for building users is getting increasingly difficult. As people react more impulsive under stressful situations, emergencies can exacerbate way finding problems. Additionally, leadership and familiarity with the (topological structure of a) building can influence the ease of finding appropriate evacuation routes. In research, two separate and distinctive techniques for modelling evacuation paths have been developed: evacuation simulation modelling through complex computer simulations and 3D network modelling based on graph theory. Taking into account a global user perspective, the 3D network modelling approach has the advantage to preserve a close connection with the semantic building structure. Following this approach, existing three dimensional evacuation routing algorithms tend to use Dijkstra's shortest path algorithm. However, as more factors, compared to path length, influence evacuation situations, literature acknowledges a void in representing more realistic, complete and accurate emergency situations. This paper presents a first step in creating such integral algorithm by implementing capacity constraints based on user flow control on a 3D geometric network model. In the future additional topics such as zonal partitioning can be added to the algorithm, moving to an integration of both evacuation approaches.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
conference
publication status
published
subject
keyword
three-dimensional, modelling, algorithms, evacuation, building environment, network
in
INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF PHOTOGRAMMETRY, REMOTE SENSING AND SPATIAL INFORMATION SCIENCES
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci.
editor
TH Kolbe, G König and C Nagel
volume
38
issue
4 / W15
pages
169 - 172
publisher
International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS). Commission IV. Working Group 8
conference name
5th International Conference on 3D Geoinformation (3D GeoInfo Conference 2010)
conference location
Berlin, Germany
conference start
2010-11-03
conference end
2010-11-04
ISSN
1682-1777
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
C1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
VABB id
c:vabb:300945
VABB type
VABB-5
id
1077349
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1077349
date created
2010-11-19 16:29:58
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:17:34
@inproceedings{1077349,
  abstract     = {With the growing pressure on available urban space and the construction of more and more complex building infrastructures, the navigational task for building users is getting increasingly difficult. As people react more impulsive under stressful situations, emergencies can exacerbate way finding problems. Additionally, leadership and familiarity with the (topological structure of a) building can influence the ease of finding appropriate evacuation routes.
In research, two separate and distinctive techniques for modelling evacuation paths have been developed: evacuation simulation modelling through complex computer simulations and 3D network modelling based on graph theory. Taking into account a global user perspective, the 3D network modelling approach has the advantage to preserve a close connection with the semantic building structure. Following this approach, existing three dimensional evacuation routing algorithms tend to use Dijkstra's shortest path algorithm. However, as more factors, compared to path length, influence evacuation situations, literature acknowledges a void in representing more realistic, complete and accurate emergency situations. This paper presents a first step in creating such integral algorithm by implementing capacity constraints based on user flow control on a 3D geometric network model. In the future additional topics such as zonal partitioning can be added to the algorithm, moving to an integration of both evacuation approaches.},
  author       = {Vanclooster, Ann and De Maeyer, Philippe and Fack, Veerle},
  booktitle    = {INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF PHOTOGRAMMETRY, REMOTE SENSING AND SPATIAL INFORMATION SCIENCES},
  editor       = {Kolbe, TH and K{\"o}nig, G and Nagel, C},
  issn         = {1682-1777},
  keyword      = {three-dimensional,modelling,algorithms,evacuation,building environment,network},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Berlin, Germany},
  number       = {4 / W15},
  pages        = {169--172},
  publisher    = {International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS). Commission IV. Working Group 8},
  title        = {On the way of integrating evacuation approaches},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Vanclooster, Ann, Philippe De Maeyer, and Veerle Fack. 2010. “On the Way of Integrating Evacuation Approaches.” In International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, ed. TH Kolbe, G König, and C Nagel, 38:169–172. International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS). Commission IV. Working Group 8.
APA
Vanclooster, A., De Maeyer, P., & Fack, V. (2010). On the way of integrating evacuation approaches. In TH Kolbe, G. König, & C. Nagel (Eds.), INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF PHOTOGRAMMETRY, REMOTE SENSING AND SPATIAL INFORMATION SCIENCES (Vol. 38, pp. 169–172). Presented at the 5th International Conference on 3D Geoinformation (3D GeoInfo Conference 2010), International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS). Commission IV. Working Group 8.
Vancouver
1.
Vanclooster A, De Maeyer P, Fack V. On the way of integrating evacuation approaches. In: Kolbe T, König G, Nagel C, editors. INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF PHOTOGRAMMETRY, REMOTE SENSING AND SPATIAL INFORMATION SCIENCES. International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS). Commission IV. Working Group 8; 2010. p. 169–72.
MLA
Vanclooster, Ann, Philippe De Maeyer, and Veerle Fack. “On the Way of Integrating Evacuation Approaches.” International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. Ed. TH Kolbe, G König, & C Nagel. Vol. 38. International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS). Commission IV. Working Group 8, 2010. 169–172. Print.