Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

On how 'middle' plus 'associative/reciprocal' became 'passive' in the Bantu A70 languages

Koen Bostoen UGent and Yolande Nzang-Bie (2010) LINGUISTICS. 48(6). p.1255-1307
abstract
In this paper we show that the Bantu A70 languages did not preserve the passive morpheme inherited from Proto-Bantu (PB), but developed a new suffix. It is a morpheme that is compound in origin, consisting of two verbal derivation suffixes which still function independently in today's languages as a middle marker and an associative/reciprocal marker respectively, though with variable degrees of productivity. The genesis of a passive marker from the stacking of two pre-existing suffixes is a typologically rare evolution path, but it fits in with a wider Bantu phenomenon of double verb extensions which develop non-compositional meanings. Especially double extensions involving the Proto-Bantu associative/reciprocal marker *-an- tend to develop such idiosyncratic meanings. This suffix is also one of the constituents of the Bantu A70 passive marker Nevertheless, even within Bantu, the emergence of a productive passive marker from such double extension is unique. In this paper, we argue that the notion of co-participation may account for the rising of this passive meaning out of the stacking of the common Bantu associative/reciprocal suffix to a common Bantu middle suffix. The semantic development of this compound suffix fix (and its historical constituents) happened within the semantic continuum that links reciprocals, reflexives, middles and passives in many languages of the world, but did not necessarily follow the typologically common reflexive > reciprocal > middle > passive cline.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
journal title
LINGUISTICS
Linguistics
volume
48
issue
6
pages
1255 - 1307
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000286495700004
JCR category
LINGUISTICS
JCR impact factor
0.557 (2010)
JCR rank
72/141 (2010)
JCR quartile
3 (2010)
ISSN
0024-3949
DOI
10.1515/LING.2010.041
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1071100
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1071100
date created
2010-11-05 17:33:01
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:45
@article{1071100,
  abstract     = {In this paper we show that the Bantu A70 languages did not preserve the passive morpheme inherited from Proto-Bantu (PB), but developed a new suffix. It is a morpheme that is compound in origin, consisting of two verbal derivation suffixes which still function independently in today's languages as a middle marker and an associative/reciprocal marker respectively, though with variable degrees of productivity. The genesis of a passive marker from the stacking of two pre-existing suffixes is a typologically rare evolution path, but it fits in with a wider Bantu phenomenon of double verb extensions which develop non-compositional meanings. Especially double extensions involving the Proto-Bantu associative/reciprocal marker *-an- tend to develop such idiosyncratic meanings. This suffix is also one of the constituents of the Bantu A70 passive marker Nevertheless, even within Bantu, the emergence of a productive passive marker from such double extension is unique. In this paper, we argue that the notion of co-participation may account for the rising of this passive meaning out of the stacking of the common Bantu associative/reciprocal suffix to a common Bantu middle suffix. The semantic development of this compound suffix fix (and its historical constituents) happened within the semantic continuum that links reciprocals, reflexives, middles and passives in many languages of the world, but did not necessarily follow the typologically common reflexive {\textrangle} reciprocal {\textrangle} middle {\textrangle} passive cline.},
  author       = {Bostoen, Koen and Nzang-Bie, Yolande},
  issn         = {0024-3949},
  journal      = {LINGUISTICS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1255--1307},
  title        = {On how 'middle' plus 'associative/reciprocal' became 'passive' in the Bantu A70 languages},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/LING.2010.041},
  volume       = {48},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Bostoen, Koen, and Yolande Nzang-Bie. 2010. “On How ‘Middle’ Plus ‘Associative/reciprocal’ Became ‘Passive’ in the Bantu A70 Languages.” Linguistics 48 (6): 1255–1307.
APA
Bostoen, K., & Nzang-Bie, Y. (2010). On how “middle” plus “associative/reciprocal” became “passive” in the Bantu A70 languages. LINGUISTICS, 48(6), 1255–1307.
Vancouver
1.
Bostoen K, Nzang-Bie Y. On how “middle” plus “associative/reciprocal” became “passive” in the Bantu A70 languages. LINGUISTICS. 2010;48(6):1255–307.
MLA
Bostoen, Koen, and Yolande Nzang-Bie. “On How ‘Middle’ Plus ‘Associative/reciprocal’ Became ‘Passive’ in the Bantu A70 Languages.” LINGUISTICS 48.6 (2010): 1255–1307. Print.