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Energy and macronutrient intakes in Belgium: results from the first National Food Consumption Survey

(2010) BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 103(12). p.1823-1829
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Abstract
Belgium until recently lacked a systematic survey of dietary habits of its inhabitants. The present study evaluated dietary composition in Belgium with respect to energy and macronutrient intakes. Information on food intake was collected using a repeated non-consecutive 24 h recall (2-8 weeks apart) with the validated software package EPIC-SOFT, in combination with a FFQ (self-administered) covering sixty food items. The database of consumed food items was linked to food composition data. Usual macronutrient intake was estimated by the Nusser method. A representative sample of the Belgian population was randomly selected from the national register following a multi-stage procedure. Information on dietary intake was obtained from 3245 subjects aged 15 years and older. Mean energy percentage (E %) of total fat (37.9 E %) and SFA (16.0 E %) was higher than the dietary reference intakes (DRI). Mean E % of total carbohydrates (45.8 E %) was lower than the DRI, while mean E % of mono/disaccharides was 20.3. Total fat and SEA intakes were higher and total carbohydrate and sugar intakes were lower in the older age categories than in the younger age categories. The percentage of energy from SFA intake was lower and that from carbohydrates was higher than that found in an earlier Belgian study. Further efforts are necessary to improve dietary macronutrient intake, taking into account differences in age categories. In addition, it will be important to monitor its changes regularly using trend analyses.
Keywords
SUGAR-SWEETENED BEVERAGES, MIDDLE-AGED WOMEN, BODY-MASS INDEX, FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES, EFCOSUM PROJECT, WEIGHT-GAIN, LIFE-STYLE, ADULTS, NUTRITION, NUTRIENT

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Chicago
Temme, E, Inge Huybrechts, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Stefaan De Henauw, A Leveque, Marcel Kornitzer, Gui De Backer, and Herman Van Oyen. 2010. “Energy and Macronutrient Intakes in Belgium: Results from the First National Food Consumption Survey.” British Journal of Nutrition 103 (12): 1823–1829.
APA
Temme, E., Huybrechts, I., Vandevijvere, S., De Henauw, S., Leveque, A., Kornitzer, M., De Backer, G., et al. (2010). Energy and macronutrient intakes in Belgium: results from the first National Food Consumption Survey. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 103(12), 1823–1829.
Vancouver
1.
Temme E, Huybrechts I, Vandevijvere S, De Henauw S, Leveque A, Kornitzer M, et al. Energy and macronutrient intakes in Belgium: results from the first National Food Consumption Survey. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2010;103(12):1823–9.
MLA
Temme, E, Inge Huybrechts, Stefanie Vandevijvere, et al. “Energy and Macronutrient Intakes in Belgium: Results from the First National Food Consumption Survey.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 103.12 (2010): 1823–1829. Print.
@article{1067607,
  abstract     = {Belgium until recently lacked a systematic survey of dietary habits of its inhabitants. The present study evaluated dietary composition in Belgium with respect to energy and macronutrient intakes. Information on food intake was collected using a repeated non-consecutive 24 h recall (2-8 weeks apart) with the validated software package EPIC-SOFT, in combination with a FFQ (self-administered) covering sixty food items. The database of consumed food items was linked to food composition data. Usual macronutrient intake was estimated by the Nusser method. A representative sample of the Belgian population was randomly selected from the national register following a multi-stage procedure. Information on dietary intake was obtained from 3245 subjects aged 15 years and older. Mean energy percentage (E \%) of total fat (37.9 E \%) and SFA (16.0 E \%) was higher than the dietary reference intakes (DRI). Mean E \% of total carbohydrates (45.8 E \%) was lower than the DRI, while mean E \% of mono/disaccharides was 20.3. Total fat and SEA intakes were higher and total carbohydrate and sugar intakes were lower in the older age categories than in the younger age categories. The percentage of energy from SFA intake was lower and that from carbohydrates was higher than that found in an earlier Belgian study. Further efforts are necessary to improve dietary macronutrient intake, taking into account differences in age categories. In addition, it will be important to monitor its changes regularly using trend analyses.},
  author       = {Temme, E and Huybrechts, Inge and Vandevijvere, Stefanie and De Henauw, Stefaan and Leveque, A and Kornitzer, Marcel and De Backer, Gui and Van Oyen, Herman},
  issn         = {0007-1145},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {SUGAR-SWEETENED BEVERAGES,MIDDLE-AGED WOMEN,BODY-MASS INDEX,FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES,EFCOSUM PROJECT,WEIGHT-GAIN,LIFE-STYLE,ADULTS,NUTRITION,NUTRIENT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {1823--1829},
  title        = {Energy and macronutrient intakes in Belgium: results from the first National Food Consumption Survey},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114510000085},
  volume       = {103},
  year         = {2010},
}

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