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Les fouilles tuniso-belges du terrain Bir Massouda (2002-2005): contribution à la connaissance de la topographie de Carthage à l’époque archaïque

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Abstract
The bilateral excavations of the INP (Tunisia) and Ghent University (Belgium) on the Bir Massouda site in the centre of Carthage have yielded the remains of an Early Punic (Archaic) necropolis, dating to the full 8th century BCE and, hence, prior to the Junon necropolis. Nine pozzi dug into the bedrock have been found, which are interpreted as the lower parts of cremation burials of the first generation settlers in Carthage. By the beginning of the 7th century BCE the necropolis had to make place for the installation of metallurgical workshops, in the course of which the burials had respectfully been cleared out. The Tuniso-Belgian investigations have revealed several indications relating to this metallurgical activity testifying to a long period of use. Only by the last quarter of the 5th century BCE a transformation of the metallurgical area of the Bir Massouda site into a fully-fledged residential quarter took place. Farther north of these pozzi, the excavations have given evidence of fortifications forming the southern boundary of Carthage during the Early Punic (Archaic) period. They consist of a bastion in connection with and partly formed by parallel walls joined by transverse walls: a type of casemate wall. It is probable that these constructions are to be linked with the still visible city wall in German excavations of the Rue Ibn Châbaat.
Keywords
urbanism, Carthage, topography, Punic, Phoenician, necropolis, Funerary archaeology, Fortifications, excavations, metallurgy, iron working, pottery

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Chicago
Maraoui Telmini, Boutheina, Fethi Chelbi, and Roald Docter. 2010. “Les Fouilles Tuniso-belges Du Terrain Bir Massouda (2002-2005): Contribution à La Connaissance De La Topographie De Carthage à L’époque Archaïque.” In VI Congresso Internacional De Estudos Fenício Púnicos, Proceedings, ed. Ana Margarida Arruda, 338–348.
APA
Maraoui Telmini, B., Chelbi, F., & Docter, R. (2010). Les fouilles tuniso-belges du terrain Bir Massouda (2002-2005): contribution à la connaissance de la topographie de Carthage à l’époque archaïque. In A. M. Arruda (Ed.), VI Congresso Internacional de Estudos Fenício Púnicos, Proceedings (pp. 338–348). Presented at the VI Congresso Internacional de Estudos Fenício Púnicos.
Vancouver
1.
Maraoui Telmini B, Chelbi F, Docter R. Les fouilles tuniso-belges du terrain Bir Massouda (2002-2005): contribution à la connaissance de la topographie de Carthage à l’époque archaïque. In: Arruda AM, editor. VI Congresso Internacional de Estudos Fenício Púnicos, Proceedings. 2010. p. 338–48.
MLA
Maraoui Telmini, Boutheina, Fethi Chelbi, and Roald Docter. “Les Fouilles Tuniso-belges Du Terrain Bir Massouda (2002-2005): Contribution à La Connaissance De La Topographie De Carthage à L’époque Archaïque.” VI Congresso Internacional De Estudos Fenício Púnicos, Proceedings. Ed. Ana Margarida Arruda. 2010. 338–348. Print.
@inproceedings{1062858,
  abstract     = {The bilateral excavations of the INP (Tunisia) and Ghent University (Belgium) on the Bir Massouda site in the centre of Carthage have yielded the remains of an Early Punic (Archaic) necropolis, dating to the full 8th century BCE and, hence, prior to the Junon necropolis. Nine pozzi dug into the bedrock have been found, which are interpreted as the lower parts of cremation burials of the first generation settlers in Carthage. By the beginning of the 7th century BCE the necropolis had to make place for the installation of metallurgical workshops, in the course of which the burials had respectfully been cleared out. The Tuniso-Belgian investigations have revealed several indications relating to this metallurgical activity testifying to a long period of use. Only by the last quarter of the 5th century BCE a transformation of the metallurgical area of the Bir Massouda site into a fully-fledged residential quarter took place. Farther north of these pozzi, the excavations have given evidence of fortifications forming the southern boundary of Carthage during the Early Punic (Archaic) period. They consist of a bastion in connection with and partly formed by parallel walls joined by transverse walls: a type of casemate wall. It is probable that these constructions are to be linked with the still visible city wall in German excavations of the Rue Ibn Ch{\^a}baat.},
  author       = {Maraoui Telmini, Boutheina and Chelbi, Fethi and Docter, Roald},
  booktitle    = {VI Congresso Internacional de Estudos Fen{\'i}cio P{\'u}nicos, Proceedings},
  editor       = {Arruda, Ana Margarida},
  keyword      = {urbanism,Carthage,topography,Punic,Phoenician,necropolis,Funerary archaeology,Fortifications,excavations,metallurgy,iron working,pottery},
  language     = {fre},
  location     = {Lisboa, Portugal},
  pages        = {338--348},
  title        = {Les fouilles tuniso-belges du terrain Bir Massouda (2002-2005): contribution {\`a} la connaissance de la topographie de Carthage {\`a} l{\textquoteright}{\'e}poque archa{\"i}que},
  year         = {2010},
}