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Linear poly(alkyl ethylene imine) with varying side chain length : synthesis and physical properties

(2010) POLYMER CHEMISTRY. 1(5). p.747-754
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Abstract
The synthesis of a series of poly(alkyl ethylene imine) (PalkylEI) with varying side chain lengths of 1, 2, 3 and 10 carbon atoms as well as a benzyl side group was performed. A series of polymers was synthesized from a direct reduction reaction of the corresponding poly(2-oxazoline) while another series was prepared by (reductive) alkylation of linear poly(ethylene imine) (PEI). The thermal and solubility properties of the resulting polymers were investigated and compared to the starting poly(2-oxazoline)s in order to study the effects of removing the carbonyl from the polymer structure. H-1 NMR spectroscopy revealed quantitative formation of the PalkylEI, i.e. no residual signals of the poly(2-oxazoline) or linear PEI were observed. Thermal investigations revealed that the thermal transitions, melting and glass transition temperatures, significantly decreased after decarboxylation due to an increase in chain flexibility. Furthermore, solubility measurements indicated that the PalkylEIs are more hydrophobic compared to the corresponding poly(2-oxazoline)s, whereby poly(ethyl ethylene imine) revealed pH and temperature responsive solubility behavior in water.
Keywords
2-PHENYL-2-OXAZOLINE, 2-NONYL-2-OXAZOLINE, OXAZOLINES, 2-ETHYL-2-OXAZOLINE, POLY(2-OXAZOLINE)S, POLY(N-METHYLETHYLENIMINE), MICROWAVE-ASSISTED SYNTHESIS, POLYMERIZATION, COPOLYMERS, MIXTURES

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Lambermont-Thijs, Hanneke ML, Lies Bonami, Filip Du Prez, and Richard Hoogenboom. 2010. “Linear Poly(alkyl Ethylene Imine) with Varying Side Chain Length : Synthesis and Physical Properties.” Polymer Chemistry 1 (5): 747–754.
APA
Lambermont-Thijs, H. M., Bonami, L., Du Prez, F., & Hoogenboom, R. (2010). Linear poly(alkyl ethylene imine) with varying side chain length : synthesis and physical properties. POLYMER CHEMISTRY, 1(5), 747–754.
Vancouver
1.
Lambermont-Thijs HM, Bonami L, Du Prez F, Hoogenboom R. Linear poly(alkyl ethylene imine) with varying side chain length : synthesis and physical properties. POLYMER CHEMISTRY. 2010;1(5):747–54.
MLA
Lambermont-Thijs, Hanneke ML, Lies Bonami, Filip Du Prez, et al. “Linear Poly(alkyl Ethylene Imine) with Varying Side Chain Length : Synthesis and Physical Properties.” POLYMER CHEMISTRY 1.5 (2010): 747–754. Print.
@article{1060595,
  abstract     = {The synthesis of a series of poly(alkyl ethylene imine) (PalkylEI) with varying side chain lengths of 1, 2, 3 and 10 carbon atoms as well as a benzyl side group was performed. A series of polymers was synthesized from a direct reduction reaction of the corresponding poly(2-oxazoline) while another series was prepared by (reductive) alkylation of linear poly(ethylene imine) (PEI). The thermal and solubility properties of the resulting polymers were investigated and compared to the starting poly(2-oxazoline)s in order to study the effects of removing the carbonyl from the polymer structure. H-1 NMR spectroscopy revealed quantitative formation of the PalkylEI, i.e. no residual signals of the poly(2-oxazoline) or linear PEI were observed. Thermal investigations revealed that the thermal transitions, melting and glass transition temperatures, significantly decreased after decarboxylation due to an increase in chain flexibility. Furthermore, solubility measurements indicated that the PalkylEIs are more hydrophobic compared to the corresponding poly(2-oxazoline)s, whereby poly(ethyl ethylene imine) revealed pH and temperature responsive solubility behavior in water.},
  author       = {Lambermont-Thijs, Hanneke ML and Bonami, Lies and Du Prez, Filip and Hoogenboom, Richard},
  issn         = {1759-9954},
  journal      = {POLYMER CHEMISTRY},
  keyword      = {2-PHENYL-2-OXAZOLINE,2-NONYL-2-OXAZOLINE,OXAZOLINES,2-ETHYL-2-OXAZOLINE,POLY(2-OXAZOLINE)S,POLY(N-METHYLETHYLENIMINE),MICROWAVE-ASSISTED SYNTHESIS,POLYMERIZATION,COPOLYMERS,MIXTURES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {747--754},
  title        = {Linear poly(alkyl ethylene imine) with varying side chain length : synthesis and physical properties},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b9py00344d},
  volume       = {1},
  year         = {2010},
}

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