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Open versus closed kinetic chain exercises for patellofemoral pain: a prospective, randomized study

Erik Witvrouw UGent, Roeland Lysens, Johan Bellemans, Koen Peers and Guy Vanderstraeten UGent (2000) AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE. 28(5). p.687-694
abstract
The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of open versus closed kinetic chain exercises in the nonoperative management of patellofemoral pain. Sixty patients were randomized into a 5-week program that consisted of only closed kinetic chain exercises or only open kinetic chain exercises. Muscle characteristics, subjective symptoms, and functional performance were evaluated in this study at the time of the initial physical examination, at the end of the treatment period, and 3 months later. Both groups experienced a statistically significant decrease in pain and an increase in functional performance. This study shows that both open and closed kinetic chain exercise programs lead to an improved subjective and clinical outcome in patients with anterior knee pain. The few significantly better functional results for some of the tested parameters in the closed kinetic chain group suggest that this type of treatment is a little more effective than the open kinetic chain program in the treatment of these patients.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
JOINT DISORDERS, KNEE REHABILITATION, CHONDROMALACIA, MUSCLE EXERCISES, FLEXIBILITY
journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Am. J. Sports Med.
volume
28
issue
5
pages
687 - 694
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000089948800012
ISSN
0363-5465
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1059052
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1059052
alternative location
http://ajs.sagepub.com/content/28/5/687
date created
2010-10-14 14:18:36
date last changed
2012-05-23 16:06:27
@article{1059052,
  abstract     = {The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of open versus closed kinetic chain exercises in the nonoperative management of patellofemoral pain. Sixty patients were randomized into a 5-week program that consisted of only closed kinetic chain exercises or only open kinetic chain exercises. Muscle characteristics, subjective symptoms, and functional performance were evaluated in this study at the time of the initial physical examination, at the end of the treatment period, and 3 months later. Both groups experienced a statistically significant decrease in pain and an increase in functional performance. This study shows that both open and closed kinetic chain exercise programs lead to an improved subjective and clinical outcome in patients with anterior knee pain. The few significantly better functional results for some of the tested parameters in the closed kinetic chain group suggest that this type of treatment is a little more effective than the open kinetic chain program in the treatment of these patients.},
  author       = {Witvrouw, Erik and Lysens, Roeland and Bellemans, Johan and Peers, Koen and Vanderstraeten, Guy},
  issn         = {0363-5465},
  journal      = {AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE},
  keyword      = {JOINT DISORDERS,KNEE REHABILITATION,CHONDROMALACIA,MUSCLE EXERCISES,FLEXIBILITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {687--694},
  title        = {Open versus closed kinetic chain exercises for patellofemoral pain: a prospective, randomized study},
  url          = {http://ajs.sagepub.com/content/28/5/687},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2000},
}

Chicago
Witvrouw, Erik, Roeland Lysens, Johan Bellemans, Koen Peers, and Guy Vanderstraeten. 2000. “Open Versus Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises for Patellofemoral Pain: a Prospective, Randomized Study.” American Journal of Sports Medicine 28 (5): 687–694.
APA
Witvrouw, E., Lysens, R., Bellemans, J., Peers, K., & Vanderstraeten, G. (2000). Open versus closed kinetic chain exercises for patellofemoral pain: a prospective, randomized study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 28(5), 687–694.
Vancouver
1.
Witvrouw E, Lysens R, Bellemans J, Peers K, Vanderstraeten G. Open versus closed kinetic chain exercises for patellofemoral pain: a prospective, randomized study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE. 2000;28(5):687–94.
MLA
Witvrouw, Erik, Roeland Lysens, Johan Bellemans, et al. “Open Versus Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises for Patellofemoral Pain: a Prospective, Randomized Study.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE 28.5 (2000): 687–694. Print.