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Weed seedbank responses to 12 years of applications of composts, animal slurries or mineral fertilisers

Benny De Cauwer (UGent) , K Van den Berge, Mathias Cougnon (UGent) , Robert Bulcke (UGent) and Dirk Reheul (UGent)
(2010) WEED RESEARCH. 50(5). p.425-435
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Abstract
Fertiliser amendments can impact weed populations in a variety of ways. This study evaluated the effects of 12-year-long applications of different fertilisation systems on size and composition of the weed seedbank in a conventionally managed maize monoculture field. Fertilisation systems included all factorial combinations of two dairy cattle slurry rates, three vegetable, fruit and garden waste compost rates, and three synthetic N fertiliser rates. Soil samples were taken in each subplot in May 2008 after sowing and prior to herbicide application. Residues recovered from soil samples were tested for weed seedling emergence to characterise soil seedbanks. Total weed seedbank density was affected by mineral N fertilisation, but not by compost or animal slurry application. Weed seedbank composition was related to compost amendment and mineral N fertilisation. Annual compost amendments reduced seedbank density of some persistent species (e.g., Chenopodium album and Solanum nigrum) irrespective of mineral N fertilisation. Compost is a promising tool for incorporation into integrated weed control strategies aimed at reducing weed seedbank persistence.
Keywords
weed suppression, SEEDS, mineral N fertiliser, animal slurry, SOIL, MANAGEMENT, Chenopodium album, compost, monoculture, maize, seedbanks, EMERGENCE, MANURE, STRATEGIES, VIABILITY, NITROGEN, SYSTEMS, CROP

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Citation

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Chicago
De Cauwer, Benny, K Van den Berge, Mathias Cougnon, Robert Bulcke, and Dirk Reheul. 2010. “Weed Seedbank Responses to 12 Years of Applications of Composts, Animal Slurries or Mineral Fertilisers.” Weed Research 50 (5): 425–435.
APA
De Cauwer, Benny, Van den Berge, K., Cougnon, M., Bulcke, R., & Reheul, D. (2010). Weed seedbank responses to 12 years of applications of composts, animal slurries or mineral fertilisers. WEED RESEARCH, 50(5), 425–435.
Vancouver
1.
De Cauwer B, Van den Berge K, Cougnon M, Bulcke R, Reheul D. Weed seedbank responses to 12 years of applications of composts, animal slurries or mineral fertilisers. WEED RESEARCH. 2010;50(5):425–35.
MLA
De Cauwer, Benny, K Van den Berge, Mathias Cougnon, et al. “Weed Seedbank Responses to 12 Years of Applications of Composts, Animal Slurries or Mineral Fertilisers.” WEED RESEARCH 50.5 (2010): 425–435. Print.
@article{1057447,
  abstract     = {Fertiliser amendments can impact weed populations in a variety of ways. This study evaluated the effects of 12-year-long applications of different fertilisation systems on size and composition of the weed seedbank in a conventionally managed maize monoculture field. Fertilisation systems included all factorial combinations of two dairy cattle slurry rates, three vegetable, fruit and garden waste compost rates, and three synthetic N fertiliser rates. Soil samples were taken in each subplot in May 2008 after sowing and prior to herbicide application. Residues recovered from soil samples were tested for weed seedling emergence to characterise soil seedbanks. Total weed seedbank density was affected by mineral N fertilisation, but not by compost or animal slurry application. Weed seedbank composition was related to compost amendment and mineral N fertilisation. Annual compost amendments reduced seedbank density of some persistent species (e.g., Chenopodium album and Solanum nigrum) irrespective of mineral N fertilisation. Compost is a promising tool for incorporation into integrated weed control strategies aimed at reducing weed seedbank persistence.},
  author       = {De Cauwer, Benny and Van den Berge, K and Cougnon, Mathias and Bulcke, Robert and Reheul, Dirk},
  issn         = {0043-1737},
  journal      = {WEED RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {weed suppression,SEEDS,mineral N fertiliser,animal slurry,SOIL,MANAGEMENT,Chenopodium album,compost,monoculture,maize,seedbanks,EMERGENCE,MANURE,STRATEGIES,VIABILITY,NITROGEN,SYSTEMS,CROP},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {425--435},
  title        = {Weed seedbank responses to 12 years of applications of composts, animal slurries or mineral fertilisers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2010.00796.x},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2010},
}

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