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Novel analog pulse-width-modulated 15-μm SiGe micromirrors

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Abstract
A novel six-electrode SiGe micromirror pixel enabling analog pulse-width modulation (PWM) in display applications is presented. Instead of utilizing bitplanes, arbitrary duty cycles can be realized, resulting in an analog gray-level distribution. This eliminates the posterization (contouring) effect that is typical for digital micromirrors. Moreover, the pixel design does not require the incorporation of electronic comparators and the gamma compensation can be processed externally. Two out of the six electrodes are used as landing electrodes. The other four attracting electrodes are driven by two anti-phase saw-tooth signals and two fixed analog voltage signals. By applying this signal scheme, the duty cycle of the mirror is modulated in an analog manner. Test vehicles were manufactured where SiGe is the microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) material. The use of SiGe as a structural layer is advantageous to build MEMS since the CMOS and MEMS layers can be deposited in a monolithic manner. Measurements using a Laser Doppler Vibrometer (LDV) have confirmed the feasibility of analog PWM for 15-μm SiGe micromirrors.
Keywords
analog, pulse-width modulation, pixel, micromirror, SiGe, MEMS, Microelectromechanical systems, contouring, posterization

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Citation

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Chicago
Beernaert, Roel, Aykut Avci, Jelle De Smet, Herbert De Smet, Jeroen De Coster, Simone Severi, and Ann Witvrouw. 2010. “Novel Analog Pulse-width-modulated 15-μm SiGe Micromirrors.” Journal of the Society for Information Display 18 (10): 855–861.
APA
Beernaert, R., Avci, A., De Smet, J., De Smet, H., De Coster, J., Severi, S., & Witvrouw, A. (2010). Novel analog pulse-width-modulated 15-μm SiGe micromirrors. JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION DISPLAY, 18(10), 855–861.
Vancouver
1.
Beernaert R, Avci A, De Smet J, De Smet H, De Coster J, Severi S, et al. Novel analog pulse-width-modulated 15-μm SiGe micromirrors. JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION DISPLAY. 2010;18(10):855–61.
MLA
Beernaert, Roel, Aykut Avci, Jelle De Smet, et al. “Novel Analog Pulse-width-modulated 15-μm SiGe Micromirrors.” JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION DISPLAY 18.10 (2010): 855–861. Print.
@article{1054806,
  abstract     = {A novel six-electrode SiGe micromirror pixel enabling analog pulse-width modulation (PWM) in display applications is presented. Instead of utilizing bitplanes, arbitrary duty cycles can be realized, resulting in an analog gray-level distribution. This eliminates the posterization (contouring) effect that is typical for digital micromirrors. Moreover, the pixel design does not require the incorporation of electronic comparators and the gamma compensation can be processed externally. Two out of the six electrodes are used as landing electrodes. The other four attracting electrodes are driven by two anti-phase saw-tooth signals and two fixed analog voltage signals. By applying this signal scheme, the duty cycle of the mirror is modulated in an analog manner. Test vehicles were manufactured where SiGe is the microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) material. The use of SiGe as a structural layer is advantageous to build MEMS since the CMOS and MEMS layers can be deposited in a monolithic manner. Measurements using a Laser Doppler Vibrometer (LDV) have confirmed the feasibility of analog PWM for 15-\ensuremath{\mu}m SiGe micromirrors.},
  author       = {Beernaert, Roel and Avci, Aykut and De Smet, Jelle and De Smet, Herbert and De Coster, Jeroen and Severi, Simone and Witvrouw, Ann},
  issn         = {1071-0922},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION DISPLAY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {855--861},
  title        = {Novel analog pulse-width-modulated 15-\ensuremath{\mu}m SiGe micromirrors},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1889/JSID18.10.855},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2010},
}

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