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Measuring spatial separation processes through the minimum commute: the case of Flanders

Kobe Boussauw UGent, Ben Derudder UGent and Frank Witlox UGent (2011) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH. 11(1). p.42-60
abstract
The average distance covered by individual commuting trips increases year after year, regardless of the travel mode. The causes of this phenomenon are diverse. Although increasing prosperity is often invoked as the main reason, the discipline of spatial planning also points to the relevance of land-use policies that enable processes of suburbanization and sprawl. By calculating time series of spatially disaggregated theoretical minimum commuting distances, this paper offers a method to identify and quantify the process of spatial separation between the housing market and the job market. We identify the detected spatial separation as one of the possible indicators for the contribution of spatial processes to the growth of traffic. In the case study area of Flanders and Brussels (Belgium), it is found that over time the minimum commuting distance increased in many municipalities, especially where population is growing faster than job supply, or where traditionally high concentrations of employment still increase. Decreases are noticed in suburban areas that are getting a more urban character by acquiring a considerable functional mix. For the study area in its entirety, we do indeed register an increasing spatial separation between home and work locations. However, this separation evolves less rapidly than the increase in commuting distances itself. Regarding the methodology, we find that the use of municipalities as a spatial entity is suitable for grasping regional transformations of the economy and intermunicipal forms of suburbanization and peri-urbanization. However, a similar methodology, applied at a more detailed geographical scale, could be used to detect processes of sprawl in the morphological sense.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
excess commuting, Flanders, sustainable spatial development, urban sprawl, JOBS-HOUSING BALANCE, METROPOLITAN-AREAS, EXCESS, CITIES
journal title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH
Eur. J. Transport. Infrastruct. Res.
volume
11
issue
1
pages
42 - 60
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000286177300003
ISSN
1567-7141
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
1054702
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1054702
date created
2010-10-06 12:05:52
date last changed
2017-04-05 12:13:09
@article{1054702,
  abstract     = {The average distance covered by individual commuting trips increases year after year, regardless of the travel mode. The causes of this phenomenon are diverse. Although increasing prosperity is often invoked as the main reason, the discipline of spatial planning also points to the relevance of land-use policies that enable processes of suburbanization and sprawl. By calculating time series of spatially disaggregated theoretical minimum commuting distances, this paper offers a method to identify and quantify the process of spatial separation between the housing market and the job market. We identify the detected spatial separation as one of the possible indicators for the contribution of spatial processes to the growth of traffic.
In the case study area of Flanders and Brussels (Belgium), it is found that over time the minimum commuting distance increased in many municipalities, especially where population is growing faster than job supply, or where traditionally high concentrations of employment still increase. Decreases are noticed in suburban areas that are getting a more urban character by acquiring a considerable functional mix. For the study area in its entirety, we do indeed register an increasing spatial separation between home and work locations. However, this separation evolves less rapidly than the increase in commuting distances itself.
Regarding the methodology, we find that the use of municipalities as a spatial entity is suitable for grasping regional transformations of the economy and intermunicipal forms of suburbanization and peri-urbanization. However, a similar methodology, applied at a more detailed geographical scale, could be used to detect processes of sprawl in the morphological sense.},
  author       = {Boussauw, Kobe and Derudder, Ben and Witlox, Frank},
  issn         = {1567-7141},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {excess commuting,Flanders,sustainable spatial development,urban sprawl,JOBS-HOUSING BALANCE,METROPOLITAN-AREAS,EXCESS,CITIES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {42--60},
  title        = {Measuring spatial separation processes through the minimum commute: the case of Flanders},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Boussauw, Kobe, Ben Derudder, and Frank Witlox. 2011. “Measuring Spatial Separation Processes Through the Minimum Commute: The Case of Flanders.” European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research 11 (1): 42–60.
APA
Boussauw, K., Derudder, B., & Witlox, F. (2011). Measuring spatial separation processes through the minimum commute: the case of Flanders. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH, 11(1), 42–60.
Vancouver
1.
Boussauw K, Derudder B, Witlox F. Measuring spatial separation processes through the minimum commute: the case of Flanders. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH. 2011;11(1):42–60.
MLA
Boussauw, Kobe, Ben Derudder, and Frank Witlox. “Measuring Spatial Separation Processes Through the Minimum Commute: The Case of Flanders.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH 11.1 (2011): 42–60. Print.