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A review of the human and veterinary literature on local anaesthetics and their intra-articular use: Relevant information for lameness diagnosis in the dog

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Abstract
Lameness in dogs is often a diagnostic challenge. In many cases it is difficult to determine the exact localisation of lameness because of the absence of palpable changes or because of unreliable pain response due to high pain tolerance, stress or aggression of the dog. In horses and humans, intra-articular administration of local anaesthetics is commonly used for diagnostic purposes. In this review, information from human and equine studies on different local anaesthetic agents and their application for diagnostic intra-articular anesthesia is given. Based on these information a protocol for diagnostic intra-articular anaesthesia in the dog can be developed and evaluated in future studies.
Keywords
mepivacaine, ARTICULAR CHONDROCYTES, joint pain, Intra-articular anaesthesia, lameness diagnosis, IN-VITRO, ANALGESIC TECHNIQUES, REGIONAL ANESTHESIA, BONE-SCINTIGRAPHY, HIP INJECTION, BUPIVACAINE, LIDOCAINE, MORPHINE, HORSES

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Chicago
Van Vynckt, Delphine, Ingeborgh Polis, Francis Verschooten, and Bernadette Van Ryssen. 2010. “A Review of the Human and Veterinary Literature on Local Anaesthetics and Their Intra-articular Use: Relevant Information for Lameness Diagnosis in the Dog.” Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 23 (4): 225–230.
APA
Van Vynckt, D., Polis, I., Verschooten, F., & Van Ryssen, B. (2010). A review of the human and veterinary literature on local anaesthetics and their intra-articular use: Relevant information for lameness diagnosis in the dog. VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY, 23(4), 225–230.
Vancouver
1.
Van Vynckt D, Polis I, Verschooten F, Van Ryssen B. A review of the human and veterinary literature on local anaesthetics and their intra-articular use: Relevant information for lameness diagnosis in the dog. VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY. 2010;23(4):225–30.
MLA
Van Vynckt, Delphine, Ingeborgh Polis, Francis Verschooten, et al. “A Review of the Human and Veterinary Literature on Local Anaesthetics and Their Intra-articular Use: Relevant Information for Lameness Diagnosis in the Dog.” VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY 23.4 (2010): 225–230. Print.
@article{1046971,
  abstract     = {Lameness in dogs is often a diagnostic challenge. In many cases it is difficult to determine the exact localisation of lameness because of the absence of palpable changes or because of unreliable pain response due to high pain tolerance, stress or aggression of the dog. In horses and humans, intra-articular administration of local anaesthetics is commonly used for diagnostic purposes. In this review, information from human and equine studies on different local anaesthetic agents and their application for diagnostic intra-articular anesthesia is given.  Based on these information a protocol for diagnostic intra-articular anaesthesia in the dog can be developed and evaluated in future studies.},
  author       = {Van Vynckt, Delphine and Polis, Ingeborgh and Verschooten, Francis and Van Ryssen, Bernadette},
  issn         = {0932-0814},
  journal      = {VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY},
  keyword      = {mepivacaine,ARTICULAR CHONDROCYTES,joint pain,Intra-articular anaesthesia,lameness diagnosis,IN-VITRO,ANALGESIC TECHNIQUES,REGIONAL ANESTHESIA,BONE-SCINTIGRAPHY,HIP INJECTION,BUPIVACAINE,LIDOCAINE,MORPHINE,HORSES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {225--230},
  title        = {A review of the human and veterinary literature on local anaesthetics and their intra-articular use: Relevant information for lameness diagnosis in the dog},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3415/VCOT-09-10-0107},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2010},
}

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