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Acquiescence bias: exploring the applicability of ipsative scoring and acquiescence modeling

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Abstract
Acquiescence bias, defined as the tendency to agree with an item irrespective of the content is an important methodological issue in cross-cultural psychological research. The present study compared two methods to control for acquiescence bias, namely ipsatizing and modeling an acquiescence factor using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Simulated data sets are being used to compare raw data estimation methods, ipsative estimation methods and the acquiescence modeling method on how well they can reproduce the true theoretical correlations between underlying factors of an uncorrelated bidimensional model. Three conditions were manipulated: factor strength, acquiescence strength and factor intercorrelation. Depending on the specific model conditions, correlations and CFA using raw data and ipsative estimation methods show big under- or overestimations. The acquiescence modeling method reproduces the true theoretical correlations very well, irrespective of the specific conditions. Estimating relationships between constructs by means of acquiescence modeling in CFA is much more widely applicable than previously thought and is advised, even when unbalanced item sets are used to measure constructs.
Keywords
ipsatizing, confirmatory factor analysis, acquiescence bias

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Chicago
Groenvynck, Hans, Johnny Fontaine, and Ronald Fisher. 2008. “Acquiescence Bias: Exploring the Applicability of Ipsative Scoring and Acquiescence Modeling.” In Book of Abstracts of the 19th International Congress of the International Association for Cross-cultural Psychology, ed. Franziska Deutsch, Lidet Tadesse, Natalie Schnelle, Jessica Price, and Klaus Boehnke. Bremen, Germany: Jacobs University.
APA
Groenvynck, H., Fontaine, J., & Fisher, R. (2008). Acquiescence bias: exploring the applicability of ipsative scoring and acquiescence modeling. In F. Deutsch, L. Tadesse, N. Schnelle, J. Price, & K. Boehnke (Eds.), Book of abstracts of the 19th international congress of the international association for cross-cultural psychology. Presented at the 19th International Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (IACCP - 2008), Bremen, Germany: Jacobs University.
Vancouver
1.
Groenvynck H, Fontaine J, Fisher R. Acquiescence bias: exploring the applicability of ipsative scoring and acquiescence modeling. In: Deutsch F, Tadesse L, Schnelle N, Price J, Boehnke K, editors. Book of abstracts of the 19th international congress of the international association for cross-cultural psychology. Bremen, Germany: Jacobs University; 2008.
MLA
Groenvynck, Hans, Johnny Fontaine, and Ronald Fisher. “Acquiescence Bias: Exploring the Applicability of Ipsative Scoring and Acquiescence Modeling.” Book of Abstracts of the 19th International Congress of the International Association for Cross-cultural Psychology. Ed. Franziska Deutsch et al. Bremen, Germany: Jacobs University, 2008. Print.
@inproceedings{1043481,
  abstract     = {Acquiescence bias, defined as the tendency to agree with an item irrespective of the content is an important methodological issue in cross-cultural psychological research. The present study compared two methods to control for acquiescence bias, namely ipsatizing and modeling an acquiescence factor using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Simulated data sets are being used to compare raw data estimation methods, ipsative estimation methods and the acquiescence modeling method on how well they can reproduce the true theoretical correlations between underlying factors of an uncorrelated bidimensional model. Three conditions were manipulated: factor strength, acquiescence strength and factor intercorrelation. Depending on the specific model conditions, correlations and CFA using raw data and ipsative estimation methods show big under- or overestimations. The acquiescence modeling method reproduces the true theoretical correlations very well, irrespective of the specific conditions. Estimating relationships between constructs by means of acquiescence modeling in CFA is much more widely applicable than previously thought and is advised, even when unbalanced item sets are used to measure constructs.},
  author       = {Groenvynck, Hans and Fontaine, Johnny and Fisher, Ronald},
  booktitle    = {Book of abstracts of the 19th international congress of the international association for cross-cultural psychology},
  editor       = {Deutsch, Franziska  and Tadesse, Lidet  and Schnelle, Natalie  and Price, Jessica  and Boehnke, Klaus },
  keywords     = {ipsatizing,confirmatory factor analysis,acquiescence bias},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Bremen, Germany},
  publisher    = {Jacobs University},
  title        = {Acquiescence bias: exploring the applicability of ipsative scoring and acquiescence modeling},
  year         = {2008},
}