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Chlamydophila psittaci zoonotic risk assessment in a chicken and turkey slaughterhouse

(2010) JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. 48(9). p.3244-3250
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Abstract
Chlamydophila psittaci (C. psittaci) causes respiratory disease in poultry and can be tramsitted to humans. We conducted a C. psittaci zoonotic risk assessment study in a chicken and turkey slaughterhouse. Eighty-five percent of the slaughtered chicken flocks tested positive in PCR and culture. Genotype D was discovered. Fifty-seven percent of the slaughtered turkey flocks tested positive in PCR and culture. Genotype D was present. For the chicken slaughterhouse employees, 7.5% and 6% tested positive for C. psittaci in PCR and culture, respectively. In the turkey slaughterhouse, 87% and 61% of the employees tested positive in PCR and culture, respectively. All genotyped human samples contained genotype D. Using stationary bioaerosol monitoring by means of the MAS-100 eco sampler and ChlamyTrap collection medium, chlamydial DNA and viable organisms were detected in both the chicken and turkey slaughterhouse. Positive air samples were most frequently found in the animal reception area and evisceration room. Zoonotic transmissions were very common, especially from processed turkeys. Accurate diagnostic monitoring and reporting of C. psittaci infections should be promoted in poultry workers.
Keywords
AVIAN CHLAMYDIOSIS, CHLAMYDIA-PSITTACI, INFECTIONS, OUTBREAK, PREVALENCE, ANTIBODIES, ORNITHOSIS, POULTRY, HUMANS, FLOCKS

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Chicago
Dickx, Veerle, Tom Geens, T Deschuyffeleer, Laurent Tyberghien, Taher Harkinezhad, Delphine Sylvie Anne Beeckman, Lutgart Braeckman, and Daisy Vanrompay. 2010. “Chlamydophila Psittaci Zoonotic Risk Assessment in a Chicken and Turkey Slaughterhouse.” Journal of Clinical Microbiology 48 (9): 3244–3250.
APA
Dickx, V., Geens, T., Deschuyffeleer, T., Tyberghien, L., Harkinezhad, T., Beeckman, D. S. A., Braeckman, L., et al. (2010). Chlamydophila psittaci zoonotic risk assessment in a chicken and turkey slaughterhouse. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, 48(9), 3244–3250.
Vancouver
1.
Dickx V, Geens T, Deschuyffeleer T, Tyberghien L, Harkinezhad T, Beeckman DSA, et al. Chlamydophila psittaci zoonotic risk assessment in a chicken and turkey slaughterhouse. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. 2010;48(9):3244–50.
MLA
Dickx, Veerle, Tom Geens, T Deschuyffeleer, et al. “Chlamydophila Psittaci Zoonotic Risk Assessment in a Chicken and Turkey Slaughterhouse.” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 48.9 (2010): 3244–3250. Print.
@article{1037742,
  abstract     = {Chlamydophila psittaci (C. psittaci) causes respiratory disease in poultry and can be tramsitted to humans. We conducted a C. psittaci zoonotic risk assessment study in a chicken and turkey slaughterhouse. Eighty-five percent of the slaughtered chicken flocks tested positive in PCR and culture. Genotype D was discovered. Fifty-seven percent of the slaughtered turkey flocks tested positive in PCR and culture. Genotype D was present. For the chicken slaughterhouse employees, 7.5\% and 6\% tested positive for C. psittaci in PCR and culture, respectively. In the turkey slaughterhouse, 87\% and 61\% of the employees tested positive in PCR and culture, respectively. All genotyped human samples contained genotype D. Using stationary bioaerosol monitoring by means of the MAS-100 eco sampler and ChlamyTrap collection medium, chlamydial DNA and viable organisms were detected in both the chicken and turkey slaughterhouse. Positive air samples were most frequently found in the animal reception area and evisceration room. Zoonotic transmissions were very common, especially from processed turkeys. Accurate diagnostic monitoring and reporting of C. psittaci infections should be promoted in poultry workers.},
  author       = {Dickx, Veerle and Geens, Tom and Deschuyffeleer, T and Tyberghien, Laurent and Harkinezhad, Taher and Beeckman, Delphine Sylvie Anne and Braeckman, Lutgart and Vanrompay, Daisy},
  issn         = {0095-1137},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY},
  keyword      = {AVIAN CHLAMYDIOSIS,CHLAMYDIA-PSITTACI,INFECTIONS,OUTBREAK,PREVALENCE,ANTIBODIES,ORNITHOSIS,POULTRY,HUMANS,FLOCKS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {3244--3250},
  title        = {Chlamydophila psittaci zoonotic risk assessment in a chicken and turkey slaughterhouse},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00698-10},
  volume       = {48},
  year         = {2010},
}

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