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Identification of clinically important anaerobic bacteria by an oligonucleotide array

(2010) JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. 48(4). p.1283-1290
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Abstract
Anaerobic bacteria can cause a wide variety of infections, and some of these infections can be serious. Conventional identification methods based on biochemical tests are often lengthy and can produce inconclusive results. An oligonucleotide array based on the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer (ITS) sequences was developed to identify 28 species of anaerobic bacteria and Veillonella. The method consisted of PCR amplification of the ITS regions with universal primers, followed by hybridization of the digoxigenin-labeled PCR products to a panel of 35 oligonucleotide probes (17- to 30-mers) immobilized on a nylon membrane. The performance of the array was determined by testing 310 target strains (strains which we aimed to identify), including 122 reference strains and 188 clinical isolates. In addition, 98 nontarget strains were used for specificity testing. The sensitivity and the specificity of the array for the identification of pure cultures were 99.7 and 97.1%, respectively. The array was further assessed for its ability to detect anaerobic bacteria in 49 clinical specimens. Two species (Finegoldia magna and Bacteroides vulgatus) were detected in two specimens by the array, and the results were in accordance with those obtained by culture. The whole procedure of array hybridization took about 8 h, starting with the isolated colonies. The array can be used as an accurate alternative to conventional methods for the identification of clinically important anaerobes.
Keywords
BACTEROIDES-FRAGILIS GROUP, POLYMERASE-CHAIN-REACTION, ACINETOBACTER-BAUMANNII COMPLEX, FUSOBACTERIUM-NUCLEATUM, RAPID IDENTIFICATION, MULTICENTER SURVEY, GENUS VEILLONELLA, SEQUENCE-ANALYSIS, SPACER REGION, BLOOD CULTURES

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Chicago
Lin, Yu Tzu, Mario Vaneechoutte, Ay Huey Huang, Lee Jene Teng, Hung-Mo Chen, Shu-Li Su, and Tsung Chain Chang. 2010. “Identification of Clinically Important Anaerobic Bacteria by an Oligonucleotide Array.” Journal of Clinical Microbiology 48 (4): 1283–1290.
APA
Lin, Y. T., Vaneechoutte, M., Huang, A. H., Teng, L. J., Chen, H.-M., Su, S.-L., & Chang, T. C. (2010). Identification of clinically important anaerobic bacteria by an oligonucleotide array. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, 48(4), 1283–1290.
Vancouver
1.
Lin YT, Vaneechoutte M, Huang AH, Teng LJ, Chen H-M, Su S-L, et al. Identification of clinically important anaerobic bacteria by an oligonucleotide array. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. 2010;48(4):1283–90.
MLA
Lin, Yu Tzu, Mario Vaneechoutte, Ay Huey Huang, et al. “Identification of Clinically Important Anaerobic Bacteria by an Oligonucleotide Array.” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 48.4 (2010): 1283–1290. Print.
@article{1016486,
  abstract     = {Anaerobic bacteria can cause a wide variety of infections, and some of these infections can be serious. Conventional identification methods based on biochemical tests are often lengthy and can produce inconclusive results. An oligonucleotide array based on the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer (ITS) sequences was developed to identify 28 species of anaerobic bacteria and Veillonella. The method consisted of PCR amplification of the ITS regions with universal primers, followed by hybridization of the digoxigenin-labeled PCR products to a panel of 35 oligonucleotide probes (17- to 30-mers) immobilized on a nylon membrane. The performance of the array was determined by testing 310 target strains (strains which we aimed to identify), including 122 reference strains and 188 clinical isolates. In addition, 98 nontarget strains were used for specificity testing. The sensitivity and the specificity of the array for the identification of pure cultures were 99.7 and 97.1\%, respectively. The array was further assessed for its ability to detect anaerobic bacteria in 49 clinical specimens. Two species (Finegoldia magna and Bacteroides vulgatus) were detected in two specimens by the array, and the results were in accordance with those obtained by culture. The whole procedure of array hybridization took about 8 h, starting with the isolated colonies. The array can be used as an accurate alternative to conventional methods for the identification of clinically important anaerobes.},
  author       = {Lin, Yu Tzu and Vaneechoutte, Mario and Huang, Ay Huey and Teng, Lee Jene and Chen, Hung-Mo and Su, Shu-Li and Chang, Tsung Chain},
  issn         = {0095-1137},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY},
  keyword      = {BACTEROIDES-FRAGILIS GROUP,POLYMERASE-CHAIN-REACTION,ACINETOBACTER-BAUMANNII COMPLEX,FUSOBACTERIUM-NUCLEATUM,RAPID IDENTIFICATION,MULTICENTER SURVEY,GENUS VEILLONELLA,SEQUENCE-ANALYSIS,SPACER REGION,BLOOD CULTURES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1283--1290},
  title        = {Identification of clinically important anaerobic bacteria by an oligonucleotide array},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01620-09},
  volume       = {48},
  year         = {2010},
}

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