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EU counterterrorism strategy: value added or chimera?

Rik Coolsaet (UGent)
(2010) INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS. 86(4). p.857-873
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Abstract
Europe did not wake up to terrorism on 9/11; terrorism is solidly entrenched in Europe's past. The historical characteristics of Europe's counterterrorism approach have been first, to treat terrorism as a crime to be tackled through criminal law, and second, to emphasize the need for understanding the 'root causes' of terrorism in order to be able to prevent terrorist acts. The 9/11 attacks undoubtedly brought the EU into uncharted territory, boosting existing cooperation and furthering political integration-in particular in the field of justice and home affairs, where most of Europe's counterterrorism endeavours are situated-to a degree few would have imagined some years earlier. This development towards European counterterrorism arrangements was undoubtedly event-driven and periods of inertia and confusion alternated with moments of significant organizational breakthroughs. The 2005 London attacks contributed to a major shift of emphasis in European counterterrorism thinking. Instead of an external threat, terrorism now became a home-grown phenomenon. The London bombings firmly anchored deradicalization at the heart of EU counterterrorism endeavours.
Keywords
Terrorism, Radicalisation, Al-Qaeda, European Union

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Coolsaet, Rik. 2010. “EU Counterterrorism Strategy: Value Added or Chimera?” International Affairs 86 (4): 857–873.
APA
Coolsaet, R. (2010). EU counterterrorism strategy: value added or chimera? INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, 86(4), 857–873.
Vancouver
1.
Coolsaet R. EU counterterrorism strategy: value added or chimera? INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS. 2010;86(4):857–73.
MLA
Coolsaet, Rik. “EU Counterterrorism Strategy: Value Added or Chimera?” INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 86.4 (2010): 857–873. Print.
@article{1008449,
  abstract     = {Europe did not wake up to terrorism on 9/11; terrorism is solidly entrenched in Europe's past. The historical characteristics of Europe's counterterrorism approach have been first, to treat terrorism as a crime to be tackled through criminal law, and second, to emphasize the need for understanding the 'root causes' of terrorism in order to be able to prevent terrorist acts. The 9/11 attacks undoubtedly brought the EU into uncharted territory, boosting existing cooperation and furthering political integration-in particular in the field of justice and home affairs, where most of Europe's counterterrorism endeavours are situated-to a degree few would have imagined some years earlier. This development towards European counterterrorism arrangements was undoubtedly event-driven and periods of inertia and confusion alternated with moments of significant organizational breakthroughs. The 2005 London attacks contributed to a major shift of emphasis in European counterterrorism thinking. Instead of an external threat, terrorism now became a home-grown phenomenon. The London bombings firmly anchored deradicalization at the heart of EU counterterrorism endeavours.},
  author       = {Coolsaet, Rik},
  issn         = {0020-5850},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS},
  keyword      = {Terrorism,Radicalisation,Al-Qaeda,European Union},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {857--873},
  title        = {EU counterterrorism strategy: value added or chimera?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2346.2010.00916.x},
  volume       = {86},
  year         = {2010},
}

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