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A revised hypothesis on the evolutionary origin of the vertebrate dentition

Ann Huysseune (UGent) , J-Y Sire and Paul Witten (UGent)
(2010) JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY. 26(2). p.152-155
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Abstract
Despite claims to the contrary, the evolutionary origin of teeth has not been definitely established. The classical 'outside in' theory stating that teeth derive from odontodes that invaded the oral cavity in conjunction with the origin of jaws has been challenged by an alternative, 'inside out', hypothesis suggesting that teeth evolved from pharyngeal denticles, as endodermal derivatives, prior to the origin of jaws. We propose a third scenario, a revised 'outside in' hypothesis (Huysseune et al., 2009). Our hypothesis is consistent with the current data and avoids speculations about convergent tooth evolution. We suggest that teeth may indeed have arisen before the origin of jaws, a pillar of the 'inside out' hypothesis, but not from the endodermally lined posterior pharynx. Rather, teeth would have been the result of competent, odontode-forming ectoderm invading the oropharyngeal cavity through the mouth as well as through the gill slits, interacting with neural-crest derived mesenchyme. Arguments in support of this hypothesis are: (i) the observation that pharyngeal teeth are present only in species known to possess gill slits, and disappear from the pharyngeal region in early tetrapods concomitant with the closure of gill slits; (ii) the assumption that endoderm alone, together with neural crest, cannot form teeth; (iii) observations on pharyngeal tooth and gill slit formation in extant species; (iv) the observation that the dental lamina (sensu Reif, 1982) is not a prerequisite for tooth formation; (v) evidence that patterning does not distinguish pharyngeal from skin denticles, and (vi) the observation on zebrafish mutants affected in the dermal skeleton. This 'modified outside in' hypothesis can be tested both on paleontological data (it predicts a correlation of the presence of pharyngeal teeth and of gill slits), and on developmental data in extant species (it predicts the necessity of an ectodermal signal to make [pharyngeal] teeth).
Keywords
JAW, DENTICLES, FISH, REPLACEMENT, TEETH, PATTERNS

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Chicago
Huysseune, Ann, J-Y Sire, and Paul Witten. 2010. “A Revised Hypothesis on the Evolutionary Origin of the Vertebrate Dentition.” Ed. Paul Witten, Ann Huysseune, Harald Rosenthal, and M. Leonor Cancela. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 26 (2): 152–155.
APA
Huysseune, A., Sire, J.-Y., & Witten, P. (2010). A revised hypothesis on the evolutionary origin of the vertebrate dentition. (P. Witten, A. Huysseune, H. Rosenthal, & M. L. Cancela, Eds.)JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY, 26(2), 152–155. Presented at the Interdisciplinary Approaches in Fish Skeletal Biology.
Vancouver
1.
Huysseune A, Sire J-Y, Witten P. A revised hypothesis on the evolutionary origin of the vertebrate dentition. Witten P, Huysseune A, Rosenthal H, Cancela ML, editors. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY. 2010;26(2):152–5.
MLA
Huysseune, Ann, J-Y Sire, and Paul Witten. “A Revised Hypothesis on the Evolutionary Origin of the Vertebrate Dentition.” Ed. Paul Witten et al. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY 26.2 (2010): 152–155. Print.
@article{1002314,
  abstract     = {Despite claims to the contrary, the evolutionary origin of teeth has not been definitely established. The classical 'outside in' theory stating that teeth derive from odontodes that invaded the oral cavity in conjunction with the origin of jaws has been challenged by an alternative, 'inside out', hypothesis suggesting that teeth evolved from pharyngeal denticles, as endodermal derivatives, prior to the origin of jaws. We propose a third scenario, a revised 'outside in' hypothesis (Huysseune et al., 2009). Our hypothesis is consistent with the current data and avoids speculations about convergent tooth evolution. We suggest that teeth may indeed have arisen before the origin of jaws, a pillar of the 'inside out' hypothesis, but not from the endodermally lined posterior pharynx. Rather, teeth would have been the result of competent, odontode-forming ectoderm invading the oropharyngeal cavity through the mouth as well as through the gill slits, interacting with neural-crest derived mesenchyme. Arguments in support of this hypothesis are: (i) the observation that pharyngeal teeth are present only in species known to possess gill slits, and disappear from the pharyngeal region in early tetrapods concomitant with the closure of gill slits; (ii) the assumption that endoderm alone, together with neural crest, cannot form teeth; (iii) observations on pharyngeal tooth and gill slit formation in extant species; (iv) the observation that the dental lamina (sensu Reif, 1982) is not a prerequisite for tooth formation; (v) evidence that patterning does not distinguish pharyngeal from skin denticles, and (vi) the observation on zebrafish mutants affected in the dermal skeleton. This 'modified outside in' hypothesis can be tested both on paleontological data (it predicts a correlation of the presence of pharyngeal teeth and of gill slits), and on developmental data in extant species (it predicts the necessity of an ectodermal signal to make [pharyngeal] teeth).},
  author       = {Huysseune, Ann and Sire, J-Y and Witten, Paul},
  editor       = {Witten, Paul and Huysseune, Ann and Rosenthal, Harald and Cancela, M. Leonor},
  issn         = {0175-8659},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY},
  keyword      = {JAW,DENTICLES,FISH,REPLACEMENT,TEETH,PATTERNS},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Tavira, Portugal},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {152--155},
  title        = {A revised hypothesis on the evolutionary origin of the vertebrate dentition},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2010.01395.x},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2010},
}

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