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The use of micronized sand as a cement replacement

(2009) RILEM PROCEEDINGS. PRO 66. p.562-570
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Abstract
Due to the high CO2 emissions and scarcity involved in producing cement, ways are sought to reduce the amount of cement needed. In this paper the possibility of using micronized sand as cement replacement is investigated. Material properties are determined and the influence on the cement paste is assessed via workability and strength measurements. It is found that the workability decreases with increasing fineness and higher replacement levels. Strength reduction seems to be slightly more than proportional to the replacement level. Theoretical analysis has been done on the subjects of particle size distribution, specific surface and particle packing. A good correlation is found between the specific surface and the workability indicators. Particle packing models give promising results for optimizing the mix composition. The numerical simulation model HUMPSTRUC3D is used to evaluate the correlation between the simulated contact area of particles in the paste, and strength development measured. Finally discussion is given on economical and environmental aspects.

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Chicago
de Vries, Walter, Guang Ye, and Klaas van Breugel. 2009. “The Use of Micronized Sand as a Cement Replacement.” In Rilem Proceedings, ed. Konstantin Kovler, PRO 66:562–570. Bagneux, France: RILEM Publications.
APA
de Vries, Walter, Ye, G., & van Breugel, K. (2009). The use of micronized sand as a cement replacement. In Konstantin Kovler (Ed.), RILEM PROCEEDINGS (Vol. PRO 66, pp. 562–570). Presented at the 2nd International RILEM workshop on Concrete Durability and Service Life Planning (ConcreteLife  ’09), Bagneux, France: RILEM Publications.
Vancouver
1.
de Vries W, Ye G, van Breugel K. The use of micronized sand as a cement replacement. In: Kovler K, editor. RILEM PROCEEDINGS. Bagneux, France: RILEM Publications; 2009. p. 562–70.
MLA
de Vries, Walter, Guang Ye, and Klaas van Breugel. “The Use of Micronized Sand as a Cement Replacement.” Rilem Proceedings. Ed. Konstantin Kovler. PRO 66. Bagneux, France: RILEM Publications, 2009. 562–570. Print.
@inproceedings{1000179,
  abstract     = {Due to the high CO2 emissions and scarcity involved in producing cement, ways are sought to reduce the amount of cement needed. In this paper the possibility of using micronized sand as cement replacement is investigated. Material properties are determined and the influence on the cement paste is assessed via workability and strength measurements. It is found that the workability decreases with increasing fineness and higher replacement levels. Strength reduction seems to be slightly more than proportional to the replacement level. Theoretical analysis has been done on the subjects of particle size distribution, specific surface and particle packing. A good correlation is found between the specific surface and the workability indicators. Particle packing models give promising results for optimizing the mix composition. The numerical simulation model HUMPSTRUC3D is used to evaluate the correlation between the simulated contact area of particles in the paste, and strength development measured. Finally discussion is given on economical and environmental aspects.},
  author       = {de Vries, Walter and Ye, Guang and van Breugel, Klaas},
  booktitle    = {RILEM PROCEEDINGS},
  editor       = {Kovler, Konstantin},
  isbn         = {9782351580851},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Haifa, Israel},
  pages        = {562--570},
  publisher    = {RILEM Publications},
  title        = {The use of micronized sand as a cement replacement},
  volume       = {PRO 66},
  year         = {2009},
}