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The Sahelian factor in the contemporary idioms of music-making in Dagbon of northern Ghana

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Abstract
In this paper, we present the theoretical model of the Sahelian factor in the music and dance of Northern Ghana. The Sahelian factor is a research model that contains key components that we extracted from our audiovisual field data. The Sahelian factor disconnects the phenomenon of music-making from the phenomenon of local languages and local ethnicities in this part of Africa. The model shows that the prevailing ethnolinguistic anthropological classification of languages in the Northern parts of Ghana cannot be fully applied to the classification and division of music and dance cultures in the area. The division of musical cultures according to tribal groups, tribalism and local ethnicities is an outmoded model that no longer fully applies to the current dynamics of music-making in this area. The production, reproduction, and distribution of music in the Sudanic Savannah Belt has become mobile, digital, and transforms from the traditional idioms of music-making into a hybrid form of neo-traditional and contemporary idioms of music-making. The Sahelian factor is a key component that contributes to the dynamics of music-making in the Sudanic Savannah Belt showing a clear distinction between cultural key components and structural key components in music-making. On the one hand, the concept of the Sahelian Factor shows that on the semantic level there is an intimate close relationship between music and the local languages e.g. the lyrical use of probers, narratives is the drum rhythms, tone language in drum messages when played in the speech mode of drumming. On the other hand, the paper argues that on the level of the structural key components, a disconnection of language and ethnicity occurs. On the semantic level are the different relationships between tone language and music. By the hand of structural analysis, the paper shows how music traditions and music and dance cultures in the Sudan Savannah Belt of Northern Ghana interact with each other and that these idioms of music-making have more similarities than differences. By the hand of cultural analysis, we show the distribution of the Bamaaya, Takai, Tora, simpa and tindana dances. Our audio analysis indicates that the distribution of a nasal timbre, the concept of the movable one, musical texture, modal structures in the harmony and the intensity factor. These are structural key components that contribute to the dynamics of music-making in the Northern Region of Ghana.
Keywords
African studies, Ethnomusicology, Hiplife, The Sahelian Factor, The Movable one, Transformational processes in music-making

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MLA
Phyfferoen, Dominik. “The Sahelian Factor in the Contemporary Idioms of Music-Making in Dagbon of Northern Ghana.” GLOCAL AFALA 2023, Abstracts, edited by Dominik Phyfferoen, 2023.
APA
Phyfferoen, D. (2023). The Sahelian factor in the contemporary idioms of music-making in Dagbon of northern Ghana. In D. Phyfferoen (Ed.), GLOCAL AFALA 2023, Abstracts.
Chicago author-date
Phyfferoen, Dominik. 2023. “The Sahelian Factor in the Contemporary Idioms of Music-Making in Dagbon of Northern Ghana.” In GLOCAL AFALA 2023, Abstracts, edited by Dominik Phyfferoen.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Phyfferoen, Dominik. 2023. “The Sahelian Factor in the Contemporary Idioms of Music-Making in Dagbon of Northern Ghana.” In GLOCAL AFALA 2023, Abstracts, ed by. Dominik Phyfferoen.
Vancouver
1.
Phyfferoen D. The Sahelian factor in the contemporary idioms of music-making in Dagbon of northern Ghana. In: Phyfferoen D, editor. GLOCAL AFALA 2023, Abstracts. 2023.
IEEE
[1]
D. Phyfferoen, “The Sahelian factor in the contemporary idioms of music-making in Dagbon of northern Ghana,” in GLOCAL AFALA 2023, Abstracts, University of Nairobi, Kenya, 2023.
@inproceedings{01HQJPCVPXC3WV8ZTBBS4QX0HW,
  abstract     = {{In this paper, we present the theoretical model of the Sahelian factor in the music and dance of Northern Ghana. The Sahelian factor is a research model that contains key components that we extracted from our audiovisual field data. The Sahelian factor disconnects the phenomenon of music-making from the phenomenon of local languages and local ethnicities in this part of Africa. The model shows that the prevailing ethnolinguistic anthropological classification of languages in the Northern parts of Ghana cannot be fully applied to the classification and division of music and dance cultures in the area. The division of musical cultures according to tribal groups, tribalism and local ethnicities is an outmoded model that no longer fully applies to the current dynamics of music-making in this area. The production, reproduction, and distribution of music in the Sudanic Savannah Belt has become mobile, digital, and transforms from the traditional idioms of music-making into a hybrid form of neo-traditional and contemporary idioms of music-making. The Sahelian factor is a key component that contributes to the dynamics of music-making in the Sudanic Savannah Belt showing a clear distinction between cultural key components and structural key components in music-making. On the one hand, the concept of the Sahelian Factor shows that on the semantic level there is an intimate close relationship between music and the local languages e.g. the lyrical use of probers, narratives is the drum rhythms, tone language in drum messages when played in the speech mode of drumming. On the other hand, the paper argues that on the level of the structural key components, a disconnection of language and ethnicity occurs. On the semantic level are the different relationships between tone language and music. By the hand of structural analysis, the paper shows how music traditions and music and dance cultures in the Sudan Savannah Belt of Northern Ghana interact with each other and that these idioms of music-making have more similarities than differences. By the hand of cultural analysis, we show the distribution of the Bamaaya, Takai, Tora, simpa and tindana dances. Our audio analysis indicates that the distribution of a nasal timbre, the concept of the movable one, musical texture, modal structures in the harmony and the intensity factor. These are structural key components that contribute to the dynamics of music-making in the Northern Region of Ghana.}},
  articleno    = {{17}},
  author       = {{Phyfferoen, Dominik}},
  booktitle    = {{GLOCAL AFALA 2023, Abstracts}},
  editor       = {{Phyfferoen, Dominik}},
  keywords     = {{African studies,Ethnomusicology,Hiplife,The Sahelian Factor,The Movable one,Transformational processes in music-making}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  location     = {{University of Nairobi, Kenya}},
  title        = {{The Sahelian factor in the contemporary idioms of music-making in Dagbon of northern Ghana}},
  url          = {{https://glocal.soas.ac.uk/afala2023-17/}},
  year         = {{2023}},
}