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Rating places and crime prevention : exploring user-generated ratings to assess place management

Thom Snaphaan (UGent) , Wim Hardyns (UGent) , Lieven Pauwels (UGent) and Kate Bowers
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Abstract
This study assesses how the quality of place management (measured with user-generated ratings from Google Places) is related to crime occurrences at specific settings and whether specific crime types are related to specific types of places. In 50 randomly sampled neighborhoods in Ghent (Belgium) and London (United Kingdom), we analyzed Google Places data as a proxy measure for the quality of place management at the street segment level. We used hurdle models to examine the effects for both the prevalence and frequency of crime at micro places, and to deal with excess zeros in the data. User-generated ratings of places provide a useful place-level indicator for place management that are related to crime. However, contextual differences are found between Ghent and London. For London, the results suggests that higher quality of place management has a protective effect on crime occurrences at the street segment level. This study indicates the importance of exploring new and emerging data sources as unique measurement opportunities to enhance insight in crime prevention mechanisms, and also acknowledges its limitations. For the first time from a large-scale empirical perspective, this study suggests that improving place management at specific places might be an effective intervention to guard against crime.
Keywords
Big data, Crime concentrations, Google Places, Place management, Situational crime prevention

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Snaphaan, Thom, et al. “Rating Places and Crime Prevention : Exploring User-Generated Ratings to Assess Place Management.” COMPUTERS ENVIRONMENT AND URBAN SYSTEMS, vol. 109, 2024, doi:10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2024.102088.
APA
Snaphaan, T., Hardyns, W., Pauwels, L., & Bowers, K. (2024). Rating places and crime prevention : exploring user-generated ratings to assess place management. COMPUTERS ENVIRONMENT AND URBAN SYSTEMS, 109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2024.102088
Chicago author-date
Snaphaan, Thom, Wim Hardyns, Lieven Pauwels, and Kate Bowers. 2024. “Rating Places and Crime Prevention : Exploring User-Generated Ratings to Assess Place Management.” COMPUTERS ENVIRONMENT AND URBAN SYSTEMS 109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2024.102088.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Snaphaan, Thom, Wim Hardyns, Lieven Pauwels, and Kate Bowers. 2024. “Rating Places and Crime Prevention : Exploring User-Generated Ratings to Assess Place Management.” COMPUTERS ENVIRONMENT AND URBAN SYSTEMS 109. doi:10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2024.102088.
Vancouver
1.
Snaphaan T, Hardyns W, Pauwels L, Bowers K. Rating places and crime prevention : exploring user-generated ratings to assess place management. COMPUTERS ENVIRONMENT AND URBAN SYSTEMS. 2024;109.
IEEE
[1]
T. Snaphaan, W. Hardyns, L. Pauwels, and K. Bowers, “Rating places and crime prevention : exploring user-generated ratings to assess place management,” COMPUTERS ENVIRONMENT AND URBAN SYSTEMS, vol. 109, 2024.
@article{01HQBB72XPD4S791SWTAFXB8ZT,
  abstract     = {{This study assesses how the quality of place management (measured with user-generated ratings from Google Places) is related to crime occurrences at specific settings and whether specific crime types are related to specific types of places. In 50 randomly sampled neighborhoods in Ghent (Belgium) and London (United Kingdom), we analyzed Google Places data as a proxy measure for the quality of place management at the street segment level. We used hurdle models to examine the effects for both the prevalence and frequency of crime at micro places, and to deal with excess zeros in the data. User-generated ratings of places provide a useful place-level indicator for place management that are related to crime. However, contextual differences are found between Ghent and London. For London, the results suggests that higher quality of place management has a protective effect on crime occurrences at the street segment level. This study indicates the importance of exploring new and emerging data sources as unique measurement opportunities to enhance insight in crime prevention mechanisms, and also acknowledges its limitations. For the first time from a large-scale empirical perspective, this study suggests that improving place management at specific places might be an effective intervention to guard against crime.}},
  articleno    = {{102088}},
  author       = {{Snaphaan, Thom and Hardyns, Wim and Pauwels, Lieven and Bowers, Kate}},
  issn         = {{0198-9715}},
  journal      = {{COMPUTERS ENVIRONMENT AND URBAN SYSTEMS}},
  keywords     = {{Big data,Crime concentrations,Google Places,Place management,Situational crime prevention}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{12}},
  title        = {{Rating places and crime prevention : exploring user-generated ratings to assess place management}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2024.102088}},
  volume       = {{109}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

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