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The role of Helicobacter suis, Fusobacterium gastrosuis, and the pars oesophageal microbiota in gastric ulceration in slaughter pigs receiving meal or pelleted feed

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Abstract
This study investigated the role of causative infectious agents in ulceration of the non-glandular part of the porcine stomach (pars oesophagea). In total, 150 stomachs from slaughter pigs were included, 75 from pigs that received a meal feed, 75 from pigs that received an equivalent pelleted feed with a smaller particle size. The pars oesophagea was macroscopically examined after slaughter. (q)PCR assays for H. suis, F. gastrosuis and H. pylori-like organisms were performed, as well as 16S rRNA sequencing for pars oesophagea microbiome analyses. All 150 pig stomachs showed lesions. F. gastrosuis was detected in 115 cases (77%) and H. suis in 117 cases (78%), with 92 cases (61%) of co-infection; H. pylori-like organisms were detected in one case. Higher infectious loads of H. suis increased the odds of severe gastric lesions (OR = 1.14, p = 0.038), while the presence of H. suis infection in the pyloric gland zone increased the probability of pars oesophageal erosions [16.4% (95% CI 0.6-32.2%)]. The causal effect of H. suis was mediated by decreased pars oesophageal microbiome diversity [-1.9% (95% CI - 5.0-1.2%)], increased abundances of Veillonella and Campylobacter spp., and decreased abundances of Lactobacillus, Escherichia-Shigella, and Enterobacteriaceae spp. Higher infectious loads of F. gastrosuis in the pars oesophagea decreased the odds of severe gastric lesions (OR = 0.8, p = 0.0014). Feed pelleting had no significant impact on the prevalence of severe gastric lesions (OR = 1.72, p = 0.28). H. suis infections are a risk factor for ulceration of the porcine pars oesophagea, probably mediated through alterations in pars oesophageal microbiome diversity and composition.
Keywords
Sus scrofa domesticus, stomach, gastric ulceration, microbiota, Helicobacter suis, Fusobacterium gastrosuis, PROTECTIVE EFFICACY, CAMPYLOBACTER SPP., PARTICLE-SIZE, STOMACH, PREVALENCE, PERFORMANCE, DISEASE

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MLA
Taillieu, Emily, et al. “The Role of Helicobacter Suis, Fusobacterium Gastrosuis, and the Pars Oesophageal Microbiota in Gastric Ulceration in Slaughter Pigs Receiving Meal or Pelleted Feed.” VETERINARY RESEARCH, vol. 55, no. 1, 2024, doi:10.1186/s13567-024-01274-1.
APA
Taillieu, E., Taelman, S., De Bruyckere, S., Goossens, E., Chantziaras, I., Van Steenkiste, C., … Haesebrouck, F. (2024). The role of Helicobacter suis, Fusobacterium gastrosuis, and the pars oesophageal microbiota in gastric ulceration in slaughter pigs receiving meal or pelleted feed. VETERINARY RESEARCH, 55(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13567-024-01274-1
Chicago author-date
Taillieu, Emily, Steff Taelman, Sofie De Bruyckere, Evy Goossens, Ilias Chantziaras, Christophe Van Steenkiste, Peter Yde, et al. 2024. “The Role of Helicobacter Suis, Fusobacterium Gastrosuis, and the Pars Oesophageal Microbiota in Gastric Ulceration in Slaughter Pigs Receiving Meal or Pelleted Feed.” VETERINARY RESEARCH 55 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13567-024-01274-1.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Taillieu, Emily, Steff Taelman, Sofie De Bruyckere, Evy Goossens, Ilias Chantziaras, Christophe Van Steenkiste, Peter Yde, Steven Hanssens, Dimitri De Meyer, Wim Van Criekinge, Michiel Stock, Dominiek Maes, Koen Chiers, and Freddy Haesebrouck. 2024. “The Role of Helicobacter Suis, Fusobacterium Gastrosuis, and the Pars Oesophageal Microbiota in Gastric Ulceration in Slaughter Pigs Receiving Meal or Pelleted Feed.” VETERINARY RESEARCH 55 (1). doi:10.1186/s13567-024-01274-1.
Vancouver
1.
Taillieu E, Taelman S, De Bruyckere S, Goossens E, Chantziaras I, Van Steenkiste C, et al. The role of Helicobacter suis, Fusobacterium gastrosuis, and the pars oesophageal microbiota in gastric ulceration in slaughter pigs receiving meal or pelleted feed. VETERINARY RESEARCH. 2024;55(1).
IEEE
[1]
E. Taillieu et al., “The role of Helicobacter suis, Fusobacterium gastrosuis, and the pars oesophageal microbiota in gastric ulceration in slaughter pigs receiving meal or pelleted feed,” VETERINARY RESEARCH, vol. 55, no. 1, 2024.
@article{01HPGVG6BVZG24ENCMMXXAM466,
  abstract     = {{This study investigated the role of causative infectious agents in ulceration of the non-glandular part of the porcine stomach (pars oesophagea). In total, 150 stomachs from slaughter pigs were included, 75 from pigs that received a meal feed, 75 from pigs that received an equivalent pelleted feed with a smaller particle size. The pars oesophagea was macroscopically examined after slaughter. (q)PCR assays for H. suis, F. gastrosuis and H. pylori-like organisms were performed, as well as 16S rRNA sequencing for pars oesophagea microbiome analyses. All 150 pig stomachs showed lesions. F. gastrosuis was detected in 115 cases (77%) and H. suis in 117 cases (78%), with 92 cases (61%) of co-infection; H. pylori-like organisms were detected in one case. Higher infectious loads of H. suis increased the odds of severe gastric lesions (OR = 1.14, p = 0.038), while the presence of H. suis infection in the pyloric gland zone increased the probability of pars oesophageal erosions [16.4% (95% CI 0.6-32.2%)]. The causal effect of H. suis was mediated by decreased pars oesophageal microbiome diversity [-1.9% (95% CI - 5.0-1.2%)], increased abundances of Veillonella and Campylobacter spp., and decreased abundances of Lactobacillus, Escherichia-Shigella, and Enterobacteriaceae spp. Higher infectious loads of F. gastrosuis in the pars oesophagea decreased the odds of severe gastric lesions (OR = 0.8, p = 0.0014). Feed pelleting had no significant impact on the prevalence of severe gastric lesions (OR = 1.72, p = 0.28). H. suis infections are a risk factor for ulceration of the porcine pars oesophagea, probably mediated through alterations in pars oesophageal microbiome diversity and composition.
}},
  articleno    = {{15}},
  author       = {{Taillieu, Emily and Taelman, Steff and De Bruyckere, Sofie and Goossens, Evy and Chantziaras, Ilias and Van Steenkiste, Christophe and Yde, Peter and Hanssens, Steven and De Meyer, Dimitri and Van Criekinge, Wim and Stock, Michiel and Maes, Dominiek and Chiers, Koen and Haesebrouck, Freddy}},
  issn         = {{0928-4249}},
  journal      = {{VETERINARY RESEARCH}},
  keywords     = {{Sus scrofa domesticus,stomach,gastric ulceration,microbiota,Helicobacter suis,Fusobacterium gastrosuis,PROTECTIVE EFFICACY,CAMPYLOBACTER SPP.,PARTICLE-SIZE,STOMACH,PREVALENCE,PERFORMANCE,DISEASE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{16}},
  title        = {{The role of Helicobacter suis, Fusobacterium gastrosuis, and the pars oesophageal microbiota in gastric ulceration in slaughter pigs receiving meal or pelleted feed}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1186/s13567-024-01274-1}},
  volume       = {{55}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

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