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Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating symptoms in children's daily life: Can parents protect against appearance comparison on social media?

Jolien De Coen (UGent) , Lien Goossens (UGent) , Guy Bosmans, Gillian Debra (UGent) and Sandra Verbeken (UGent)
(2024) BODY IMAGE. 48.
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Abstract
Research suggests that body dissatisfaction is common among children. However, it remains largely unknown how body dissatisfaction occurs on a daily basis and which environmental factors are linked to this. The purpose of this study was to examine (1) state body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, compensatory exercise and loss of control eating among children and its association with upward comparisons via social media and (2) whether trust in parents may attenuate this association. Children from 10 to 12 years old (N = 50) were assessed three times a day during a two-week period. Trust was examined via a baseline questionnaire. State body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, compensatory exercise, loss of control eating and upward comparisons were examined via Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA). Multilevel analyses indicated that an a higher level of upward comparison is associated with a higher level of state body dissatisfaction, compensatory exercise and loss of control eating. Trust in father significantly moderated the association between appearance comparison and body dissatisfaction. No evidence was found for the protective role of trust in mother. Future research is necessary to enhance our understanding of state body dissatisfaction among children and of environmental factors that may protect children from the adverse effects of social media.
Keywords
IMAGE, ATTACHMENT, GIRLS, INTERNALIZATION, ASSOCIATIONS, ADOLESCENTS, PREDICTOR, INTERVIEW, ATTITUDES, FATHERS, State body dissatisfaction, Children, Appearance comparisons, Social media, Ecological momentary assessment, parent-child relationship

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MLA
De Coen, Jolien, et al. “Body Dissatisfaction and Disordered Eating Symptoms in Children’s Daily Life: Can Parents Protect against Appearance Comparison on Social Media?” BODY IMAGE, vol. 48, ELSEVIER, 2024, doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2023.101647.
APA
De Coen, J., Goossens, L., Bosmans, G., Debra, G., & Verbeken, S. (2024). Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating symptoms in children’s daily life: Can parents protect against appearance comparison on social media? BODY IMAGE, 48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2023.101647
Chicago author-date
De Coen, Jolien, Lien Goossens, Guy Bosmans, Gillian Debra, and Sandra Verbeken. 2024. “Body Dissatisfaction and Disordered Eating Symptoms in Children’s Daily Life: Can Parents Protect against Appearance Comparison on Social Media?” BODY IMAGE 48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2023.101647.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Coen, Jolien, Lien Goossens, Guy Bosmans, Gillian Debra, and Sandra Verbeken. 2024. “Body Dissatisfaction and Disordered Eating Symptoms in Children’s Daily Life: Can Parents Protect against Appearance Comparison on Social Media?” BODY IMAGE 48. doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2023.101647.
Vancouver
1.
De Coen J, Goossens L, Bosmans G, Debra G, Verbeken S. Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating symptoms in children’s daily life: Can parents protect against appearance comparison on social media? BODY IMAGE. 2024;48.
IEEE
[1]
J. De Coen, L. Goossens, G. Bosmans, G. Debra, and S. Verbeken, “Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating symptoms in children’s daily life: Can parents protect against appearance comparison on social media?,” BODY IMAGE, vol. 48, 2024.
@article{01HPEYK9SB84F6HE05CNEBW2EC,
  abstract     = {{Research suggests that body dissatisfaction is common among children. However, it remains largely unknown how body dissatisfaction occurs on a daily basis and which environmental factors are linked to this. The purpose of this study was to examine (1) state body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, compensatory exercise and loss of control eating among children and its association with upward comparisons via social media and (2) whether trust in parents may attenuate this association. Children from 10 to 12 years old (N = 50) were assessed three times a day during a two-week period. Trust was examined via a baseline questionnaire. State body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, compensatory exercise, loss of control eating and upward comparisons were examined via Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA). Multilevel analyses indicated that an a higher level of upward comparison is associated with a higher level of state body dissatisfaction, compensatory exercise and loss of control eating. Trust in father significantly moderated the association between appearance comparison and body dissatisfaction. No evidence was found for the protective role of trust in mother. Future research is necessary to enhance our understanding of state body dissatisfaction among children and of environmental factors that may protect children from the adverse effects of social media.}},
  articleno    = {{101647}},
  author       = {{De Coen, Jolien and Goossens, Lien and  Bosmans, Guy and Debra, Gillian and Verbeken, Sandra}},
  issn         = {{1740-1445}},
  journal      = {{BODY IMAGE}},
  keywords     = {{IMAGE,ATTACHMENT,GIRLS,INTERNALIZATION,ASSOCIATIONS,ADOLESCENTS,PREDICTOR,INTERVIEW,ATTITUDES,FATHERS,State body dissatisfaction,Children,Appearance comparisons,Social media,Ecological momentary assessment,parent-child relationship}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{9}},
  publisher    = {{ELSEVIER}},
  title        = {{Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating symptoms in children's daily life: Can parents protect against appearance comparison on social media?}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2023.101647}},
  volume       = {{48}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

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